United Nations

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About the UN Overview

The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945. It is currently made up of 193 Member States. The mission and work of the United Nations are guided by the purposes and principles contained in its founding Charter.

Due to the powers vested in its Charter and its unique international] character, the United Nations can take action on the issues confronting humanity in the 21st century, such as peace and security, climate change, sustainable development, human rights, disarmament, terrorism, humanitarian and health emergencies, gender equality, governance, food production, and more.

The UN also provides a forum for its members to express their views in the UN General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, and other bodies and committees. By enabling dialogue between its members, and by hosting negotiations, the Organization has become a mechanism for governments to find areas of agreement and solve problems together.

The UN's Chief Administrative Officer is the Secretary-General.

2015 marked the 70th anniversary of the United Nations.

About the UN Main Organs

The main organs of the UN are the UN General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council, the International Court of Justice, and the UN Secretariat. All were established in 1945 when the UN was founded.

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UN Headquarters in New York City, USA, is home to the UN General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council, Trusteeship Council, and much of the UN Secretariat. These were established in 1945 when the UN was founded. New York City also hosts the headquarters of UNDP, UNICEF, UNFPA and UN Women.

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The work of the UN is global, touching the lives of billions of people. The work of the Organization is, however, mostly done locally, within UN regions and countries. In order to accomplish this, the UN and the many entities comprising the “UN system” have created a presence in every region of the world, so the people most in need of help can be reached quickly. The UN’s work is divided into five geographical UN regions: Africa region, Americas region, Asia and the Pacific region, Europe and Central Asia region, and the Middle East region

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