Syuhns Lahz Vrs (Haoh=#)1: Science Laws In Yeeng Voiss Sownd Chahrz iz Syuhns Lahz

Science Law in Funetik Inglish iz Syuhns Lah uv Lahz uv Omneeoh.

Thuh Wrd " Syuhnss " Wuhz Fikst Tu Syenss.

See also:


Syenss


Syenss Izm


Syenss Tek Trm Deskripshuhnz


Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhnz

Uhv Syenss


Syenss Wrd Ehtimmolluhjee Frum Wiktionary

Thŭ Nĕkst Tĕkst Wŭz Frŭm:

Science [ Wrd Ĕtĭmŏlŭjē ]

From Old French science, from Latin scientia (“knowledge”), from sciens, present participle stem of scire (“know”).

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Ehtimmolluhjee Frum Wiktionary ".


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Our definition of science

Science is the pursuit and application of knowledge and understanding of the natural and social world following a systematic methodology based on evidence.


Syenss Wrd Lah Dehfinnishuhn

Thŭ Nĕkst Tĕkst Wŭz Frŭm:

What is SCIENCE?:

Knowledge that is comprised of verifiable and measurable facts that have been acquired by the application of a scientific method.


Thuss Syenss Iz Senss Proovd Reel Syzd TruuTh.


Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Lah Dehfinnishuhn ".


See: Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT Smahl T

Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhn Fruhm Wy-Ky-Pee-Dy-Shohrt-A

NexT KwohT Wuhz:

NexT TexT OhridjinnuLLee Fruhm:

Science is an enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the world. An older and closely related meaning still in use today is that of Aristotle, for whom scientific knowledge was a body of reliable knowledge that can be logically and rationally explained.

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhn Fruhm Wy-Ky-Pee-Dy-Shohrt-A ".


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

science

Science is the field of study concerned with discovering and describing the world around us by observing and experimenting. Biology, chemistry, and physics are all branches of science.

Science is an "empirical" field, that is, it develops a body of knowledge by observing things and performing experiments. The meticulous process of gathering and analyzing data is called the "scientific method," and we sometimes use science to describe the knowledge we already have…


Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhnz ".


See: Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT Smahl T

Tek Wrd 3 Main Kyndz

Tek Wrd Deskripshuhn Fruhm Wiktionary

Thuh NexT Text Fruhm:

Tech: Etymology From Ancient Greek *τεκτ-, τέκτων, < τέχνη(téchni,“art, splendour, mastermind, craftsmanship, trade, skill”)

abbreviation of technology
abbreviation of technician
abbreviation of technique

See Ahlsoh: Syenss Tek 3 Main Kyndz

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Tek Wrd Deskripshuhn Fruhm Wiktionary ".

Tek Wrd Deskripshuhn Fruhm Wiktionary Tranzskrybd Tu Fohnehtik Eeng-glish Speech Sownd Synz Iz:

Tek Kynd Tek Skill Iz Simp Lang Fohr Tekneek;

1: Simp Akt Tek: Senss Pruuv Truuth Uhv Uh Thing
2: In 4d Syz Thuh Senst PruuvdTruuth By:
2a: Mohst Long Length,
2b: Leest Shohrt Width,
2c: 3rd Dymenshuhn Deoth,
2d: And Tym Durrayshuhn
3: Reekohrd Az Much Az Kan Get Sayvd
3: Publish Recording.

Tek Kynd Tek Ist Iz Simp Lang Fohr Teknishuhn;

  • Fphr Egzampul A [[[Syentist]] Iz Uh Syenss Tek.

Tek Kynd Tek Toolz Iz Simp Lang Fohr TeknoLLuhjee;

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Tek Wrd 3 Main Kyndz ".


Syenss Tek 3 Main Kyndz

Thuh NexT TexT AdapTed Fruhm:

Syenss Tek Skilz, Ahlsoh Kahld Thuh Tekneeks of Syenss, are the Fohrmal Syenssez and Uhplyd Syensez.

Thohz Syenss Tek Skilz Ahr Thuh Intrnul Ehreeuhz Uhv Stuhdee

Thuh Syenss Tek Toolz Ahr Thuh Syentist-Bod-Pahrts And Extrnul Forms Uhv Teknolluhjee produced by Enjinneers And Ahrkittektss And Simmillur Ahrtists Uhv Syenss

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Tek 3 Main Kyndz ".



Thuh NexT TexT AdapTed Fruhm:

Syenss Tek Skilz, Ahlsoh Kahld Thuh Tekneeks of Syenss, are the Fohrmal Syenssez and Uhplyd Syensez.

Thohz Syenss Tek Skilz Ahr Thuh Intrnul Ehreeuhz Uhv Stuhdee

Thuh Syenss Tek Toolz Ahr Thuh Syentist-Bod-Pahrts And Extrnul Forms Uhv Teknolluhjee produced by Enjinneers And Ahrkittektss And Simmillur Ahrtists Uhv Syenss


Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Tek Trm Deskripshuhnz ".


SyenTiffik MeThuhd Uhv Syenss And SyenTiffik Trmz

Thuh Fraeez Trm "ScienTific MeThod"

SaiunTihfik Methud iz Saiuntihfik + Methuhd,


Syentiffik Wrd Deskripshuhnz


Thuh NexT ETimmoLLuhjee Uv Wrd SyenTiffik Fruhm:

scientific (adj.)

1580s, from Middle French scientifique,

from Medieval Latin scientificus "pertaining to science,"

from Latin scientia "knowledge" (see science) + -ficus "making, doing,"…

Originally used to translate Greek epistemonikos "making knowledge" in Aristotle's "Ethics."…

First record of scientific revolution is from 1803;

scientific method is from 1854;

scientific notation is from 1961.


Thuh NexT Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

scientific…adj
1. (prenominal) of, relating to, derived from, or used in science: scientific equipment.
2. (prenominal) occupied in science: scientific manpower.
3. conforming with the principles or methods used in science: a scientific approach…
Cite: Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition

sci•en•tif•ic…adj.
1. of, pertaining to, or concerned with a science or the sciences.
2. regulated by or conforming to the principles of exact science.
3. systematic or accurate in the manner of an exact [[science]]…
Cite: Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary,


Thuh NexT Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

scientific adjective…

Definition of scientific

1 : of, relating to, or exhibiting the methods or principles of science
2 : conducted in the manner of science or according to results of investigation by science : practicing or using thorough or systematic methods


Thiss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " Syentiffik Wrd Deskripshuhnz ".


Methuhd

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

early 15c., "regular, systematic treatment of disease," from Latin methodus "way of teaching or going," from Greek methodos "scientific inquiry, method of inquiry, investigation," originally "pursuit, a following after," from meta "in pursuit or quest of" (see meta-) + hodos "a method, system; a way or manner" (of doing, saying, etc.), also "a traveling, journey," literally "a path, track, road," a word of uncertain origin… Meaning "way of doing anything" is from 1580s; that of "orderliness, regularity" is from 1610s. In reference to a theory of acting associated with Russian director Konstantin Stanislavsky, it is attested from 1923.

Methuhd MyT Get Deskrybd In Simp Lang

Thiss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " Methuhd ".


Senss Pruuf Fakt Syz Lrn Waee


Deskripshun Uhv Thuh Senss Pruuf Fakt Syz Lrn Waee Wich Iz Uh Uhv Syuhnss } Iz:
1: Yuuzeeng Uh ( Syentiffik = Syenss-Baeesst ) ( Methuhd = PLand Task Akts )
2: Tu Uhkwyr Senst Vehriffyd Faktss
3: Then Syz Eech Fakt
4: Then Klassiffy That Fakt Intu 1 Uhv Thuh Syenss Main Branch Kynd Typs Klast By Syz Ohrdr.

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd "Senss Pruuf Fakt Syz Lrn Waee ".


Nekst Iz Uh Standrd Deskripshuhn Uhv Syentiffik Methuhdolluhjee.
SyenTiffik-MeThuhd-STeps_V6_UpdaeeTed_2013.png
Thuh Uhbuhv Immaj Wuhz SohrsT Fruhm:

Wuhn SyenTiffik Ed Task Iz

  • Tu KuhmeewnikkaeeT ReezuLTs Uhv SyehnTiffik PrakTiss OpTs.

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " SyenTiffik MeThuhd ".


Thuh Paeej With Naeem Speld " Syehnss Baeesiks Kynd Typs KLasT By Syz Ohrdr "

See: Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT PuT OwT SmahL T

Syenss Baeesikss Kynd Typss KLasT By Syz Ohrdr

Table of Contents

Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhnz

Uhv Syenss


Syenss Wrd Ehtimmolluhjee Frum Wiktionary

Thŭ Nĕkst Tĕkst Wŭz Frŭm:

Science [ Wrd Ĕtĭmŏlŭjē ]

From Old French science, from Latin scientia (“knowledge”), from sciens, present participle stem of scire (“know”).

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Ehtimmolluhjee Frum Wiktionary ".


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Our definition of science

Science is the pursuit and application of knowledge and understanding of the natural and social world following a systematic methodology based on evidence.


Syenss Wrd Lah Dehfinnishuhn

Thŭ Nĕkst Tĕkst Wŭz Frŭm:

What is SCIENCE?:

Knowledge that is comprised of verifiable and measurable facts that have been acquired by the application of a scientific method.


Thuss Syenss Iz Senss Proovd Reel Syzd TruuTh.


Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Lah Dehfinnishuhn ".


See: Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT Smahl T

Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhn Fruhm Wy-Ky-Pee-Dy-Shohrt-A

NexT KwohT Wuhz:

NexT TexT OhridjinnuLLee Fruhm:

Science is an enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the world. An older and closely related meaning still in use today is that of Aristotle, for whom scientific knowledge was a body of reliable knowledge that can be logically and rationally explained.

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhn Fruhm Wy-Ky-Pee-Dy-Shohrt-A ".


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

science

Science is the field of study concerned with discovering and describing the world around us by observing and experimenting. Biology, chemistry, and physics are all branches of science.

Science is an "empirical" field, that is, it develops a body of knowledge by observing things and performing experiments. The meticulous process of gathering and analyzing data is called the "scientific method," and we sometimes use science to describe the knowledge we already have…


Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhnz ".


SyenTiffik MeThuhd Uhv Syenss And SyenTiffik Trmz

Thuh Fraeez Trm "ScienTific MeThod"

SaiunTihfik Methud iz Saiuntihfik + Methuhd,


Syentiffik Wrd Deskripshuhnz


Thuh NexT ETimmoLLuhjee Uv Wrd SyenTiffik Fruhm:

scientific (adj.)

1580s, from Middle French scientifique,

from Medieval Latin scientificus "pertaining to science,"

from Latin scientia "knowledge" (see science) + -ficus "making, doing,"…

Originally used to translate Greek epistemonikos "making knowledge" in Aristotle's "Ethics."…

First record of scientific revolution is from 1803;

scientific method is from 1854;

scientific notation is from 1961.


Thuh NexT Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

scientific…adj
1. (prenominal) of, relating to, derived from, or used in science: scientific equipment.
2. (prenominal) occupied in science: scientific manpower.
3. conforming with the principles or methods used in science: a scientific approach…
Cite: Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition

sci•en•tif•ic…adj.
1. of, pertaining to, or concerned with a science or the sciences.
2. regulated by or conforming to the principles of exact science.
3. systematic or accurate in the manner of an exact [[science]]…
Cite: Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary,


Thuh NexT Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

scientific adjective…

Definition of scientific

1 : of, relating to, or exhibiting the methods or principles of science
2 : conducted in the manner of science or according to results of investigation by science : practicing or using thorough or systematic methods


Thiss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " Syentiffik Wrd Deskripshuhnz ".


Methuhd

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

early 15c., "regular, systematic treatment of disease," from Latin methodus "way of teaching or going," from Greek methodos "scientific inquiry, method of inquiry, investigation," originally "pursuit, a following after," from meta "in pursuit or quest of" (see meta-) + hodos "a method, system; a way or manner" (of doing, saying, etc.), also "a traveling, journey," literally "a path, track, road," a word of uncertain origin… Meaning "way of doing anything" is from 1580s; that of "orderliness, regularity" is from 1610s. In reference to a theory of acting associated with Russian director Konstantin Stanislavsky, it is attested from 1923.

Methuhd MyT Get Deskrybd In Simp Lang

Thiss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " Methuhd ".


Senss Pruuf Fakt Syz Lrn Waee


Deskripshun Uhv Thuh Senss Pruuf Fakt Syz Lrn Waee Wich Iz Uh Uhv Syuhnss } Iz:
1: Yuuzeeng Uh ( Syentiffik = Syenss-Baeesst ) ( Methuhd = PLand Task Akts )
2: Tu Uhkwyr Senst Vehriffyd Faktss
3: Then Syz Eech Fakt
4: Then Klassiffy That Fakt Intu 1 Uhv Thuh Syenss Main Branch Kynd Typs Klast By Syz Ohrdr.

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd "Senss Pruuf Fakt Syz Lrn Waee ".


Nekst Iz Uh Standrd Deskripshuhn Uhv Syentiffik Methuhdolluhjee.
SyenTiffik-MeThuhd-STeps_V6_UpdaeeTed_2013.png
Thuh Uhbuhv Immaj Wuhz SohrsT Fruhm:

Wuhn SyenTiffik Ed Task Iz

  • Tu KuhmeewnikkaeeT ReezuLTs Uhv SyehnTiffik PrakTiss OpTs.

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " SyenTiffik MeThuhd ".


Basics

THuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

basics (n.)

"rudiments or fundamentals of anything," by 1914, from basic. Also see -ics. Phrase back-to-basics was in use by 1962.


Heer: https://www.howtopronounce.com/rudiment/

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

rudiment noun

ru·​di·​ment

Definition of rudiment

1 : a basic principle or element or a fundamental skill

  • usually used in plural teaching themselves the rudiments of rational government— G. B. Galanti

2a : something unformed or undeveloped : beginning

  • usually used in plural the rudiments of a plan

b(1) : a body part so deficient in size or structure as to be entirely unable to perform its normal function
(2) : an organ just beginning to develop : anlage


THuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

fundamental (adj.)

mid-15c., "primary, original, pertaining to a foundation," modeled on Late Latin fundamentalis "of the foundation," from Latin fundamentum "foundation" (see fundament). In music (1732) it refers to the lowest note of a chord. Fundamentals (n.) "primary principles or rules" of anything is from 1630s.


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

basic (adj.)

"relating to a base," 1832, originally in chemistry, from base (n.) + -ic.

BASIC

computer language, 1964, initialism (acronym) for Beginners' All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code; invented by Hungarian-born U.S. computer scientist John G. Kemeny and U.S. computer scientist Thomas E. Kurtz.


Suhfiks Ikss


Ehtimmolluhjee Uhv Suhfiks Ikss

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

-ics

in the names of sciences or disciplines (acoustics, aerobics, economics, etc.), a 16c.

revival of the classical custom of using the neuter plural of adjectives with Greek -ikos "pertaining to" (see -ic) to mean "matters relevant to" and also as the titles of treatises about them.

Subject matters that acquired their English names before c. 1500, however, tend to be singular in form (arithmetic, logic, magic, music, rhetoric). The grammatical number of words in -ics (mathematics is/mathematics are) is a confused question.


Dikshuhnehree Deskripshuhnz Uhv Suhfiks Ikss

Thuh NekST TekST Wuhz Fruhm:

-ics noun suffix, plural in form but singular or plural in construction

[ Dehskripshuhnz ] of -ics

1 : study : knowledge : skill : practice

  • linguistics electronics

2 : characteristic actions or activities

  • acrobatics

3 : characteristic qualities, operations, or phenomena

  • mechanics

Thiss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Payj Naymd " Suhfiks Ikss ".


THiss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Payj Naymd " Basics "


See Ahlsoh: Nachuhrul Syenss Az Reel Pruuvd Truuth


Thuh Syensez


Thuh Syenss Main Branch Kyndz Inkluud THuh 2 Main Branch Kyndz.


Syenss Main Branch Kyndz


Thuh Syenss Main Branch Kyndz Inkluud THuh 2 Main Branch Kyndz.


1: PrinsippuL-Lee Ther Iz Syenss Fillossuhfee WiTh Thuh:

1:1: Syenss Fillossuhfee Branch Kyndz wich Inkluudz,

1:1:1 Fillossuhfee Izm Wich Inkluudz Thuh Fillossuhfee Main Branchez.

1:1:2: Fohrmul Syenss

2: Then Ther Iz NachruL Syenss

* WiTh Thuh Evree-Syz-BaeesT Nachrul Syenss Branch Kynd Typs Klast By Syz Ohrdr Wich InkLuudz:

2:1: NachruL Syenss Wich Inkluudz Thuh SensuhbuL FynyT SyzuhbuL Empirrikkul Syenss

2:1:1: WiTh Thuh FynyT Syz-BaeesT Empirrikkul Syenss Branch Kynd Typs Klast By Syz Ohrdr.

2:1:2: NachruL Syenss AhLsoh Inkluudz Thuh Reezuhnd Tu EgzisT Tranz FynyT Syzd KuhmpohnenTss Uhv Tranz FynyT Izm.




Syenss Fillossuhfee Ŏlsō Kŏld Fillossuhfee Uhv Syenss


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Philosophy of science

The philosophy of science, a sub-branch of epistemology, is the branch of philosophy that studies the philosophical assumptions, foundations, and implications of science, including the natural sciences such as physics, chemistry, and biology] the social sciences such as psychology, history, and sociology, and sometimes—especially beginning about the second decade of the twentieth century—the formal sciences, such as logic, mathematics, set theory, and proof theory. In this last respect, the [[[philosophy of science]] is often closely related to philosophy of language, philosophy of mathematics, and to formal systems of logic and formal languages. The twentieth century witnessed a proliferation of research and literature on the philosophy of science Debate is robust amongst philosophers of science and within the discipline much remains inconclusive. For nearly every assertion advanced in the discipline, a philosopher can be found who will disagree with it in some fashion.


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Formal and Empirical Methods in Philosophy of Science…

Authors: Vincenzo Crupi & Stephan Hartmann

Abstract

This essay addresses the methodology of philosophy of science and illustrates how formal and empirical methods can be fruitfully combined. Special emphasis is given to the application of experimental methods to confirmation theory and to recent work on the conjunction fallacy, a key topic in the rationality debate arising from research in cognitive psychology. Several other issues can be studied in this way…


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Questions Addressed by Philosophy of Science

Philosophy of science investigates and seeks to explain such questions as:

What is science? Is there one thing that constitutes science, or are there many different kinds or fields of inquiry that are different but are nevertheless called sciences?

Does or can science lead to certainty?

How is genuine or true science to be distinguished—demarcated, to use the usual philosopher's term—from non-science or pseudo-science? Or is this impossible, and, if so, what does this do for the claims that some things are pseudosciences? ( See: Suudoh-Syenss Vrsuhss Truu Syenss )

What is the nature of [[[scientific]] statements, concepts, and conclusions; how are they are created; and how are they justified (if justification is indeed possible)?

Is there any such thing as a scientific method? If there is, what are the types of reasoning used to arrive at conclusions and the formulation of it, and is there any limit to this method or methods?

Is the growth of science cumulative or revolutionary?

For a new scientific theory, can one say it is “nearer to the truth,” and, if so, how? Does science make progress, in some sense of that term, or does it merely change? If it does make progress, how is progress determined and measured?

What means should be used for determining the acceptability, validity, or truthfulness of statements in science, i.e. is objectivity possible, and how can it be achieved?

How does science explain, predict and, through technology, harness nature?

What are the implications of scientific methods and models for the larger society, including for the sciences themselves?

What is the relationship, if any, between science and religion and science and ethics, or are these completely separate?

Those questions may always have existed in some form, but they came to the fore in Western philosophy after the coming of what has been called the scientific revolution, and they became especially central and much-discussed in the twentieth century, when philosophy of science became a self-conscious and highly investigated discipline.

It must be noted that, despite what some scientists or other people may say or think, all science is philosophy-embedded. Philosopher Daniel Dennett has written, “There is no such thing as philosophy-free science; there is only science whose philosophical baggage is taken on board without examination.” [ Darwin's Dangerous Idea…Dennett, Daniel. 1995 ]


Syenss Fillossuhfee Branch Kyndz

Fillossuhfee Izm Nōrm Spĕld " Philosophyism "

Fohrmul Syenss Nōrm Spĕld " Formal Science "




[[include Fillossuhfee-Izm]]




[[include fohrmul-syenss]]


Fillossuhfee Izm


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

philosophy (n.)

Meaning "system a person forms for conduct of life" is attested from 1771…

c. 1300, "knowledge, body of knowledge,"…

(12c., Modern French philosophie)…

from Old French filosofie "philosophy, knowledge"…

directly from Latin philosophia

and from Greek philosophia "love of knowledge, pursuit of wisdom; systematic investigation,"

from philo- "loving" (see philo-) + sophia "knowledge, wisdom," from sophis "wise, learned;" of unknown origin.


[[include Fillossuhfee-Main-Branchez]]




NachruL Syenss



NaturaL

Natural Iz Nature + Suffix-al.


[[include Nature]]


[[include suffix-al]]


Thiss Iz Thuh LasT Lyn Uhv TeksT In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " NaturaL ".



Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhnz

Uhv Syenss


[[include syenss-wrd-ehtimmolluhjee-frum-wiktionary]]


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Our definition of science

Science is the pursuit and application of knowledge and understanding of the natural and social world following a systematic methodology based on evidence.


[[include Syenss-Wrd-Lah-Dehfinnishuhn]]


[[include syenss-wrd-deskripshuhn-fruhm-wy-ky-pee-dy-shohrt-a]]


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

science

Science is the field of study concerned with discovering and describing the world around us by observing and experimenting. Biology, chemistry, and physics are all branches of science.

Science is an "empirical" field, that is, it develops a body of knowledge by observing things and performing experiments. The meticulous process of gathering and analyzing data is called the "scientific method," and we sometimes use science to describe the knowledge we already have…


Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhnz ".



Thuh Trm Spohk Az

NachruL Syenss Branch Kynd Typs KLasT By Syz Ohrdr

NachruL Syenss Branch Kynd Typs KLasT By Syz Ohrdr InkLuudz:

EmpirrikkuL Syenss

WiTh Thuh FynyT Syzd Empirrikkul Syenss Sub Branch Kynd Typss KLasT By Syz Ohrdr

  • And

Tranz FynyT Izm

WiTH Thuh Tranz FynyT Syzd



[[include EmpirrikkuL-Syenss]]




[[include Tranz-FynyT-Izm]]




Thiss Iz Thuh LasT Lyn Uhv TeksT In THuh Paeej Naeemd " Nachrul Syenss Branch Kynd Typs KLastT By Syz Ohrdr ".




See Ahlsoh:


Thiss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " Syenss Main Branch Kyndz ".


See Ahlsoh: syenss-sub-branch-kyndz-KlasT-by-syz-ohrdr


Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Izm "

Simp Lang Lah


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Law [ Wrd Deskripshuhn ]:

Rules of conduct approved and enforced by the government of and over a certain territory…

Related Terms: Regulation, Statutes, Lex Scripta, Act, Custom,… Civil Law,… Justice, Rule of Law, Substantive Law, Positive Law


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

The Law

The role of government is to protect individual rights. It must ensure that nobody violates the rights of another. In this capacity, it must specify what kinds of actions are forbidden. These rules, punishable by retaliatory force, are called laws. Laws are predefined rules. They are written to make them explicit and verify that they are predefined.

Laws serve multiple purposes. The first is a method of informing the populace of what actions will bring about retaliatory force. This facilitates the job of protecting rights by enabling citizens to have knowledge beforehand whether a particular act is forbidden. The people are then able to act appropriately, removing the need for retaliatory force, and increasing the ability of people to avoid violating others rights.

The second job of a law is to make the rules of the land explicit. This serves to avoid confusion in exactly what is legal or not. Such confusion can occur since the government is an organization of individuals. Individuals that can err or have differences of opinions. It also limits the power of the government officials by requiring them to act according to predefined methods. This has the advantage of safeguarding the people from their own representatives.

A third job of the law is to clarify ambiguous situations between men that may be difficult to decide if rights have been violated, or by who. Even among rational men, disagreement can occur, especially in areas as complicated as contracts. The law provides them a means of settling disputes peacefully by subjecting their claims to an objective, predefined reference. In this respect, the law stands as an impartial arbiter to conflicts.

Laws have many other positive benefits as well, such as providing a reaffirmation that coercive acts will be punished, and justice will be served. To be secure in life and property, man must be able to know what to expect from other people. Although an occasional criminal may act against the rules that govern society, this is exceptional. One interacts in a society because the majority of men act in good faith to respect each other's rights. The law is the primary facilitator for this.


See Also=AhLsoh:

Included page "saiuntifik-methud" does not exist (create it now)

See also:

UNESCO Constitution uv International Laws uv Lahz uv Omneeonizm

Konstittuushuhn.

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌkɒnstɪˈtjuːʃən/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˌkɑnstɪˈtuʃən/

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Etymology

Borrowing from Old French constitucion (French constitution), from Latin cōnstitūtiō, cōnstitūtiōnem.

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Constitution Definition:

The basic, fundamental law of a state which sets out how that state will be organized and the powers and authorities of government between different political units and citizens.

Related Terms: …Government, Constitutional Law

The basic law or laws of a nation or a state which sets out how that state will be organized by deciding the powers and authorities of government between different political units, and by stating the basic law-making and structural principles of society.

The primary contract or law by which the government of a nation or state is set out and organized.

The constitution is colloquially referred to as the "#1 law of the land"; to which all of government, citizens, corporate persons and other laws must defer in the event of any conflict.


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Constitutions

Although governments are instituted among men to protect individual rights, history has shown that governments often become the largest threat to those rights. Knowing that unlimited, arbitrary power of the government is dangerous, men found a partial solution. They called the solution a constitution.

A constitution is a set of laws that specifically apply to the government. A properly constructed constitution limits the power of a government by specifying which actions they are allowed to take, and disallowing all others. The founding fathers of the United States were the first to create such a constitution. They additionally added a list of rights that specifically prevented the government from certain kinds of actions. The Bill of Rights, though, was redundant. The government had no power to do anything that wasn't specifically designated to it.

A piece of paper cannot protect people from a tyranny, of course. It did have a number of positive effects. The first was that it defined limits on the government that everyone had access to. In this way, if the government attempted to reach beyond its limits, the people had clear, objective grounds for resisting it. This allowed for easier organization against violations of their rights, and made them stronger and more confident in dealing with their representatives.

The second effect was that, through legal channels, a citizen could challenge any particular government act. Without a constitution, there was no way of arguing against an act by government. The government had unlimited power. A constitution invalidates that premise. It makes clear that even the government is constrained by the law. In the past, governments were above the law. No longer.

There are many varieties of constitutions now in existence. Most of them are not constitutions at all, but documents that attempt to hide under the umbrella of legitimacy provided by the US Constitution. For instance, the Soviet Union had a constitution. It was a document saying the Soviet government could do anything it wanted, without limit. This is nothing more than a document asserting the government's claim to power.

To keep things clear, a constitution has the following properties. It is a limit on the government, denying absolute or arbitrary power. It applies to the government specifically, and not to the people qua citizens. It enumerates particular powers the government has, and denies all others. It is written as law, and cannot be changed by the government itself.

Moreover, a proper constitution would have these additional criteria. The enumerated powers all specifically defend individual rights. All powers are further constrained to not violate individuals rights themselves. The constitution should be interpreted in light of its duty to protect individual rights, and if there is ever a question of meaning, the one that conforms to individual rights must be accepted.


RTh KonsTiTwshun Iz FohnehTik EengGLish Voeess Sownd Chahrz Fohr:

Earth Constitution Wich Iz Uh ShohrT Trm Fohr RTh Fed KonsTihTuushuhn.

Thuh Trm RTh Fed KonsTihTuushuhn Iz Thuh KonsepT Uhbreeveeaeeshuhn Uhv ITs FuLL Naeem:

Constitution for the Federation of Earth

OhfishuL Breef HisTory Uhv Thuh Ohrihjin Uhv Thuh Rth Fed KonsTihTuushuhn

Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Fruhm:

The Constitution for the Federation of Earth - 'The Earth Constitution'

PREAMBLE
Realizing that Humanity today has come to a turning point in history and that we are on the threshold of a new world order which promises to usher in an era of peace, prosperity, justice and harmony;

Aware of the interdependence of people, nations and all life;

Aware that man's abuse of science and technology has brought Humanity to the brink of disaster through the production of horrendous weaponry of mass destruction and to the brink of ecological and social catastrophe;

Aware that the traditional concept of security through military defense is a total illusion both for the present and for the future;

Aware of the misery and conflicts caused by ever increasing disparity between rich and poor;

Conscious of our obligation to posterity to save Humanity from imminent and total annihilation;

Conscious that Humanity is One despite the existence of diverse nations, races, creeds, ideologies and cultures and that the principle of unity in diversity is the basis for a new age when war shall be outlawed and peace prevail; when the earth's total resources shall be equitably used for human welfare; and when basic human rights and responsibilities shall be shared by all without discrimination;
Conscious of the inescapable reality that the greatest hope for the survival of life on earth is the establishment of a democratic world government;

We, citizens of the world, hereby resolve to establish a world federation] to be governed in accordance with this constitution for the Federation of Earth.

Article 1 ‑ Broad Functions of the World Government: Wrld Guvrnment Fungshunz
Article 2 ‑ Basic Structure of World Federation and World Government:
Wrld Fed Guvernment Strukt
Article 3 ‑ Organs of the World Government: Wrld Guvrnment Ohrganz
Article 4 ‑ Grant of Specific Powers to the World Government: Wrld Guvrnment Powrz
Article 5 ‑ World Parliament
Article 6 ‑ The World Executive
Article 7 ‑ The World Administration
Article 8 ‑ The Integrative Complex
Article 9 ‑ The World Judiciary
Article 10 ‑ The Enforcement System
Article 11 ‑ The World Ombudsmus
Article 12 ‑ OhridjihnuL TekST: Bill of Rights for the Citizens of Earth
Article 12.1 ‑ WiTh Vrss Numbrz And CommenTehree AT: RTh SihTihZen RyTs
Article 13 ‑ Directive Principles for the World Government: Wrld Guvernment Dyrekshun
Article 14 ‑ Safeguards and Reservations
Article 15 ‑ World Federal Zones and the World Capitals: Federal Zones and Capitals
Article 16 ‑ World Territories and Exterior Relations
Article 17 ‑ Ratification and Implementation
Article 18 ‑ AmendmenTs: UhmendmenTs Tu Thuh RTh KonsTiTwshun
Article 19 ‑ Provisional World Government

End of the Constitution

WP%20Diagram.jpg

Thuh NexT TekST Wuhz Fruhm:

(The Constitution for the Federation of Earth was originally ratified at the second session of the World Constituent Assembly held at Innsbruck, Austria in June, 1977; and was amended and ratified at the fourth session of the World Constituent Assembly held at Troia, Portugal in May 1991. The Amended Constitution is being personally ratified by outstanding personalities throughout the world as the campaign for ratification by the people and governments of the world continues.)

CALL to the GLOBAL RATIFICATION and ELECTIONS CAMPAIGN

In the course of history, particularly during the past several hundred years, the technique of a Constituent Assembly has been developed and used under various circumstances as a means to devise the constitutions for democratic governments, either to create new governments where none existed before or to replace old or crumbling governments under both peaceful and revolutionary situations.

Sometimes such assemblies have been appointed by existing governments. At other times, under the most favorable circumstances, such assemblies have been elected by vote of established electorates. But at other times such assemblies have been composed and convened under circumstances where only a limited number of people of the country or areas involved actually took part in the selection of delegates. Only a small minority of any electorate might actually participate during the time when a new democratic government is emerging under conditions of revolution from tyranny or of external image arrow-10x10.png turmoil or urgent crises; or in the absence of any organized political system which was willing or able to supervise a vote of the total potential electorate for such an assembly or newly emerging democratic government.

It is under the later kind of circumstances that the move has gone forward during the years since World War II for the external image arrow-10x10.png of a World Constituent Assembly to devise the constitution for a democratic form of federal world government. No previous world government or competent world authority has existed to organize or supervise elections to such a World Constituent Assembly. No universally approved electoral lists exist for the conduct of such elections. Existing national governments heretofore have proved unwilling or uninterested or hostile or otherwise unable to assist in either the appointment or election of working delegates to such a World Constituent Assembly, despite numerous appeals ‑‑ although these appeals are continuing.

This Constitution has been translated into twenty-two languages and distributed world-wide for study, debates, and organizing by the citizens of Earth.

Under Article XIX of the Constitution Provisional World Parliaments are being held in various locations around the world to begin the process of elaboration of world law as a model and an incentive for the people of the Earth to assert their sovereignty and begin an official World Parliament upon ratification of this Constitution. These have been organized by the World Constitution and Parliament Association and The Institute on World Problems.

[http://www.radford.edu/~gmartin/Parliament%20history.htm#The_Authority_and_Legitimacy_of_the_Earth_Constitution The Authority and Legitimacy of the Earth Constitution: Response to Basic Questions (by Eugenia Almand)]

http://www.radford.edu/~gmartin/Parliament%20history.htm#The_Relationship_of_the_Earth_Constitution

See Also:

Source of UNESCO Constitution

The Constitution of UNESCO, signed on 16 November 1945, came into force on 4 November 1946 after ratification by twenty countries: Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Egypt, France, Greece, India, Lebanon, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Constitution of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Adopted in London on 16 November 1945 and amended by the General Conference at its 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 12th, 15th, 17th, 19th, 20th, 21st, 24th, 25th, 26th, 27th, 28th, 29th and 31st sessions.

The Governments of the States Parties to this Constitution on behalf of their peoples declare:

That since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defences of peace must be constructed;

That ignorance of each other’s ways and lives has been a common cause, throughout the history of mankind, of that suspicion and mistrust between the peoples of the world through which their differences have all too often broken into war;

That the great and terrible war which has now ended was a war made possible by the denial of the democratic principles of the dignity, equality and mutual respect of men, and by the propagation, in their place, through ignorance and prejudice, of the doctrine of the inequality of men and races;

That the wide diffusion of culture, and the education of humanity for justice and liberty and peace are indispensable to the dignity of man and constitute a sacred duty which all the nations must fulfil in a spirit of mutual assistance and concern;

That a peace based exclusively upon the political and economic arrangements of governments would not be a peace which could secure the unanimous, lasting and sincere support of the peoples of the world, and that the peace must therefore be founded, if it is not to fail, upon the intellectual and moral solidarity of mankind.

For these reasons, the States Parties to this Constitution, believing in full and equal opportunities for education for all, in the unrestricted pursuit of objective truth, and in the free exchange of ideas and knowledge, are agreed and determined to develop and to increase the means of communication between their peoples and to employ these means for the purposes of mutual understanding and a truer and more perfect knowledge of each other’s lives;

In consequence whereof they do hereby create the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization for the purpose of advancing, through the educational and scientific and cultural relations of the peoples of the world, the objectives of international peace and of the common welfare of mankind for which the United Nations Organization was established and which its Charter proclaims.

Article I UNESCO Purposes and UNESCO functions]

Article II UNESCO Membership

Article III Organs

The Organization shall include a General Conference, an Executive Board and a Secretariat.

Article IV The General Conference

Article V Executive Board

Article VI UNESCO Secretariat

Article VII UNESCO National cooperating bodies

Article VIII UNESCO Reports by Member States

Each Member State shall submit to the Organization, at such times and in such manner as shall be determined by the General Conference, reports on the laws, regulations and statistics relating to its educational, scientific and cultural institutions and activities, and on the action taken upon the recommendations and conventions referred to in Article IV, paragraph 4.

Article IX

UNESCO Budget

1. The budget shall be administered by the Organization.

2. The General Conference shall approve and give final effect to the budget and to the apportionment of financial responsibility among the States Members of the Organization subject to such arrangement with the United Nations as may be provided in the agreement to be entered into pursuant to Article X.

3. The Director-General may accept voluntary contributions, gifts, bequests and subventions directly from governments, public and private institutions, associations and private persons, subject to the conditions specified in the Financial Regulations.

Article X

Relations with the United Nations Organization

This Organization shall be brought into relation with the United Nations Organization, as soon as practicable, as one of the specialized agencies referred to in Article 57 of the Charter of the United Nations. This relationship shall be effected through an agreement with the United Nations Organization under Article 63 of the Charter, which agreement shall be subject to the approval of the General Conference of this Organization. The agreement shall provide for effective cooperation between the two Organizations in the pursuit of their common purposes, and at the same time shall recognize the autonomy of this Organization, within the fields of its competence as defined in this Constitution. Such agreement may, among other matters, provide for the approval and financing of the budget of the Organization by the General Assembly of the United Nations.

Article XI

Relations with other specialized international organizations and agencies

1. This Organization may cooperate with other specialized intergovernmental organizations and agencies whose interests and activities are related to its purposes. To this end the Director- General, acting under the general authority of the Executive Board, may establish effective working relationships with such organizations and agencies and establish such joint committees as may be necessary to assure effective cooperation. Any formal arrangements entered into with such organizations or agencies shall be subject to the approval of the Executive Board.

2. Whenever the General Conference of this Organization and the competent authorities of any other specialized intergovernmental organizations or agencies whose purpose and functions lie within the competence of this Organization deem it desirable to effect a transfer of their resources and activities to this Organization, the Director-General, subject to the approval of the Conference, may enter into mutually acceptable arrangements for this purpose.

3. This Organization may make appropriate arrangements with other intergovernmental organizations for reciprocal representation at meetings.

4. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization may make suitable arrangements for consultation and cooperation with non-governmental international organizations concerned with matters within its competence, and may invite them to undertake specific tasks. Such cooperation may also include appropriate participation by representatives of such organizations on advisory committees set up by the General Conference.

Article XII

Legal status of the Organization

The provisions of Articles 104 and 105 of the Charter of the United Nations Organization concerning the legal status of that Organization, its privileges and immunities, shall apply in the same way to this Organization.

Article XIII

Amendments

1. Proposals for amendments to this Constitution shall become effective upon receiving the approval of the General Conference by a two-thirds majority; provided, however, that those amendments which involve fundamental alterations in the aims of the Organization or new obligations for the Member States shall require subsequent acceptance on the part of two thirds of the Member States before they come into force. The draft texts of proposed amendments shall be communicated by the Director-General to the Member States at least six months in advance of their consideration by the General Conference.

2. The General Conference shall have power to adopt by a two-thirds majority rules of procedure for carrying out the provisions of this Article.

Article XIV

Interpretation

1. The English and French texts of this Constitution shall be regarded as equally authoritative.

2. Any question or dispute concerning the interpretation of this Constitution shall be referred for determination to the International Court of Justice or to an arbitral tribunal, as the General Conference may determine under its Rules of Procedure.

Article XV

Entry into force

1. This Constitution shall be subject to acceptance. The instrument of acceptance shall be deposited with the Government of the United Kingdom.

2. This Constitution shall remain open for signature in the archives of the Government of the United Kingdom. Signature may take place either before or after the deposit of the instrument of acceptance. No acceptance shall be valid unless preceded or followed by signature. However, a state that has withdrawn from the Organization shall simply deposit a new instrument of acceptance in order to resume membership.

3. This Constitution shall come into force when it has been accepted by twenty of its signatories. Subsequent acceptances shall take effect immediately.

4. The Government of the United Kingdom will inform all Members of the United Nations and the Director-General of the receipt of all instruments of acceptance and of the date on which the Constitution comes into force in accordance with the preceding paragraph.

In faith whereof, the undersigned, duly authorized to that effect, have signed this Constitution in the English and French languages, both texts being equally authentic.

Done in London the sixteenth day of November, one thousand nine hundred and forty-five, in a single copy, in the English and French languages, of which certified copies will be communicated by the Government of the United Kingdom to the Governments of all the Members of the United Nations.

Syuhns Lahz Vrs (Haoh=#)2:0: See ALso=AhLsoh:
Syuhns Lahz Vrs (Haoh=#)2:1: * https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laws_of_science