Source Cosmogony In Yeeng Voyss Sownd Chahrz

ETymolLogy Uv Wrd: Source

source (n.)

mid-14c., "support, base," from Old French sourse "a rising, beginning, fountainhead of a river or stream" (12c.), fem. noun taken from past participle of sourdre "to rise, spring up," from Latin surgere "to rise, arise, get up, mount up, ascend; attack," contraction of surrigere, from assimilated form of sub "up from below" (see sub-) + regere "to keep straight, guide" (from PIE root *reg- "move in a straight line," with derivatives meaning "to direct in a straight line," thus "to lead, rule"). Meaning "a first cause" is from late 14c., as is that of "fountain-head of a river." Meaning "person or written work supplying information or evidence" is by 1777.

source (v.)

"obtain from a specified source," 1972, from source (n.). Related: Sourced; sourcing.

ETymoLogy Uv cosmogony (n.)

1690s, "a theory of the creation;" 1766 as "the creation of the universe;" 1777 as "science of the origin of the universe," from Latinized form of Greek kosmogonia "creation of the worLd," from kosmos "world, universe" (see cosmos) + -gonia "a begetting," from gonos "birth" (from PIE root *gene- "give birth, beget"). Related: Cosmogonal; cosmogonic; cosmogonist.

Infinite I AM:

PhiLosophic ConcepT Of The I AM In Yeeng Voyss Sownd Chahrz

Urantia Book: PAPER 105:1. THE PHILOSOPHIC CONCEPT OF THE I AM Kohrekted…

105:1.1 Absolute primal causation in infinity the philosophers of the universes attribute to the UniversaL FaTher functioning (within) the infinite, the eternal…I AM.

105:1.2 There are (some) elements of (risk) attendant upon the presentation to the mortal intellect of this idea of an infinite I AM since this concept is so remote from human experiential understanding as to [possibly] involve serious distortion of and misconception of meanings and misconception of values.

Nevertheless, the philosophic concept of the (infinite) I AM does afford finite beings some basis for an attempted approach to the partial comprehension of absolute origins and infinite destinies… But this postulate of the (infinite) I AM is not so clearly identifiable in undeified realms of universal reality.

105:1.3 The I AM is the Infinite; the I AM is also infinity. From the sequential, time viewpoint, all reality has its origin in the infinite I AM, whose…existence in past infinite eternity must be a finite creature's premier philosophic postulate. The concept of the (infinite) I AM connotes unqualified infinity, the undifferentiated reality of all that could ever be in all of an infinite eternity.

105:1.4 As an existential concept…(n)o qualification can be applied to the Infinite except to state that the I AM is. The philosophic postulate of the I AM is one universe concept which (wuz kunsidrd) more difficult of comprehension than that of the UnquaLified AbsoLuTe.

105:1.5 To the finite mind there simply must be a beginning, and though there never was a real beginning to reality, still there are certain source relationships which reality manifests to infinity.

The prereality, primordial, eternity situation may be thought of something like this: At some infinitely distant, hypothetical, past-eternity moment, the I AM may be conceived as both thing and no thing, as both cause and effect, as both volition and response.

At this hypothetical eternity moment there is no differentiation throughout all infinity. Infinity is filled by the Infinite; the Infinite encompasses infinity. This is the hypothetical static moment of eternity; actuals are still contained within their and potentials have not yet appeared within the infinity of the I AM. But even in this conjectured situation we must [postulate] the existence of the possibility of self-will.

105:1.6 Ever remember that man's comprehension of the Universal Father is a personal experience…but your experiential worshipful concept of the Universal Father must always be less than your philosophic postulate of the infinity of the I AM…even that hypothesis probably falls far short of the unfathomed infinity of [eetrnul] reality…

105:1.8 Infinity is indeed remote from the experience level of mortal comprehension, but even in this age on Urantia your concepts of infinity are growing, and they will continue to grow throughout your endless careers stretching onward into future eternity. Unqualified infinity is meaningless to the finite creature, but infinity is capable of self-limitation and is susceptible of reality expression to all levels of universe egzistences…

I Am As Triune

Urantia Book: PAPER 105:2. THE I AM AS TRIUNE…

105:2.2 In following the chronological portrayal of the origins of reality, there must be a postulated theoretical moment of " first " volitional expression and " first " repercussional reaction within the I AM. In our attempts to portray the genesis and generation of reality, this stage may be conceived as the self-differentiation of The Infinite One from The Infinitude, but the postulation of this dual relationship must always be expanded to a triune conception by the recognition of the eternal continuum of The Infinity, the I AM ( A.K.A. Thuh [[InfiniTe I Am]]] ).

105:2.3 This self-metamorphosis of the I AM culminates in the multiple differentiation of deified reality and of undeified reality, of potential and actual reality, and of certain other realities that can hardly be so classified. These differentiations of the theoretical monistic I AM are eternally integrated by simultaneous relationships arising within the same I AM—the prepotential, preactual, prepersonal, monothetic prereality which, though infinite, [haz ben Manifested] as absolute in the presence of the and as in the limitless love of the Universal Father.

105:2.4…The philosophic (time) concept of the solitary I AM and the transitional (time) concept of the I AM as triune can now be [accepted as the finality of reality]…

Thuh Infinitude, Infinite One and Infinite I AM Ahr AhLsoh KahLd The InfiniTe CapaciTy, InfiniTe PotenTiaL And InfiniTe UphoLder, respectively.

Uversa Commissioned UranTia Book Paper 105:2.10 6. The InfiniTe CapaciTy. I AM static-reactive. This is the endless matrix, the possibility for all future cosmic expansion. This phase of the I AM is [reflected] as the supergravity presence of the UnquaLified AbsoLuTe.

Uversa Commissioned UranTia Book Paper 105:2.8 4. The InfiniTe UphoLder. I AM self-associative. This is the primordial association of the statics and potentials of reality. In this relationship, all qualifieds and unqualifieds are compensated. This phase of the I AM is [RefLecTed] as the Universal Absolute — the unifier of the Deity AbsoLuTe and the UnquaLified AbsoLuTe.

Uversa Commissioned UranTia Book Paper 105:2.9 5. The InfiniTe PoTenTiaL. I AM self-qualified. This is the infinity bench mark bearing eternal witness to the volitional self-limitation of the I AM by virtue of which there was achieved threefold self-expression and self-revelation. This phase of the I AM is [reflected in] the DeiTy AbsoLuTe.

GrayTr KreeayTrz


Konsrveishun Uv Ehnrdjee Vrsus Kreeaeeshuhn OwT Uv NuhTheeng


  • See sum rits uv sum huu tot "Creation out of nothing":

Konsrvaeeshuhn Uhv Enrjee


Thuh NeksT TeksT Wuhz Fruhm:

Physics Principle: Conservation Of Energy

Conservation of energy, principle of physics according to which the energy of interacting bodies or particles in a closed system remains constant. The first kind of energy to be recognized was kinetic energy, or energy of motion. In certain particle collisions, called elastic, the sum of the kinetic energy of the particles before collision is equal to the sum of the kinetic energy of the particles after collision. The notion of energy was progressively widened to include other forms. The kinetic energy lost by a body slowing down as it travels upward against the force of gravity was regarded as being converted into potential energy, or stored energy, which in turn is converted back into kinetic energy as the body speeds up during its return to Earth. For example, when a pendulum swings upward, kinetic energy is converted to potential energy. When the pendulum stops briefly at the top of its swing, the kinetic energy is zero, and all the energy of the system is in potential energy. When the pendulum swings back down, the potential energy is converted back into kinetic energy. At all times, the sum of potential and kinetic energy is constant. Friction, however, slows down the most carefully constructed mechanisms, thereby dissipating their energy gradually. During the 1840s it was conclusively shown that the notion of energy could be extended to include the heat that friction generates. The truly conserved quantity is the sum of kinetic, potential, and thermal energy. For example, when a block slides down a slope, potential energy is converted into kinetic energy. When friction slows the block to a stop, the kinetic energy is converted into thermal energy. Energy is not created or destroyed but merely changes forms, going from potential to kinetic to thermal energy. This version of the conservation-of-energy principle, expressed in its most general form, is the first law of thermodynamics. The conception of energy continued to expand to include energy of an electric current, energy stored in an electric or a magnetic field, and energy in fuels and other chemicals. For example, a car moves when the chemical energy in its gasoline is converted into kinetic energy of motion…

With the advent of relativity physics (1905), mass was first recognized as equivalent to energy. The total energy of a system of high-speed particles includes not only their rest mass but also the very significant increase in their mass as a consequence of their high speed. After the discovery of relativity, the energy-conservation principle has alternatively been named the conservation of mass-energy or the conservation of total energy.

When the principle seemed to fail, as it did when applied to the type of radioactivity called beta decay (spontaneous electron ejection from atomic nuclei), physicists accepted the existence of a new subatomic particle, the neutrino, that was supposed to carry off the missing energy rather than reject the conservation principle. Later, the neutrino was experimentally detected.

Energy conservation, however, is more than a general rule that persists in its validity. It can be shown to follow mathematically from the uniformity of time. If one moment of time were peculiarly different from any other moment, identical physical phenomena occurring at different moments would require different amounts of energy, so that energy would not be conserved.


Zeeroh Theengz Ahr Meid Frum Non-Theeng Ihzm.


See Ahlsoh:


Thss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd: " Konsrvaeeshuhn Uhv Enrjee ".


Thus, Thuh Pruuvd Konsrveishun Uv Ehnrdjee Syuntihfik Lah


Waking Dreemeeng

Waking Dreemeeng Iz Uhwayk ( Brayn And|Ohr UhThr Nrv Mynd PahrT(s) ) Dreemd ( Syn(z) And|Ohr Wrd(z) And|Ohr Immaj(ez) ) Wich Iz|Ahr Lyk HoLLuhgraffik ProjekTed Az AiThr:
1: Psi-SkiLL VizhyuuaLyz FohTonnik LyT Enrjee In Uh THuh Bod ThaT SeLf Wehrz Tu EnLyTen ThaT PahrT Uhv ThaT Bod, Ohr
2: Psi-SkiLL TehLehpohrT FohTonnik LyT Enrjee OwTSyd Uhv Uhv ( Nrv Mynd And|Ohr Bod ThaT SeLf Wehrz ),
3.0: SeLf Shood Ask Prmishuhn, "May I?", Pree Dreemeeng Ehnee ( Dim Dahrk Ohr GLoh BryT ) LyT In A Bod WiTh A Brain Wich A Dif SLf Wehrz

  • And ReespekT KuhnsenT And|Ohr Non-KuhnsenT, ELss SeLf Risks rongeeng Ther ( InTehMehT = In Thuh MayT ) Bod Wich ThaT SeLf Wehrz Veeuh AiThr:

3.1: If PuT In Pree KuhnsenT Iz Komd Then ThaT Iz UnSivvilyzd ruud manr,
3.2: Thoh If PosT Non-KuhnsenT Then ThaT iz UnSivvilyzd inTenchuhnuL vyolayTeeng Thuh InTehmaT Bod Wich ThaT SeLf Wehrz.

SeLf Shood JehnyuuinLee ReespehkT Thuh Dif SeLf's RyT Tu ( KuhnsenT Ohr Non-KuhnsenT ) Pree ( InTehMehT = In Thuh MayT ) Bee JehnyuuinLee ReespekTed.


UhWayk Brayn Dreemd FohTonnik LyT Enrjee Kan GeT PushT WiTh SykohkinnehTik Psi-Enrjee In Thuh ( Aurah = Mag FeeLd ) ( Fruhm Uh MussuL Ohr Fruhm Uh Nrv ), EspeshuLLee If Thuh Nrv SeLL Thredz Ahr EeLekTrohSTaTikLee Chahrjd Lyk WiTh THC And UhThr Kannabbinnoeed NeuroTranzmiTTr Nrv Kom Kemz Fruhm Mehrihwahnuh.

UhWayk Brayn Dreemd FohTonnik LyT Enrjee Kan GeT ( Aurah = Mag FeeLd ) FLoh Fohrss Muuvd ( Thruu Thuh Air And|Ohr ( In And|Ohr Thruu ) SoLLid Theengz ).

VaLLid Uhwayk Nrv Mynd PehruhSykoLLuhjee Psi SkiLLz Deskrybd InkLuud:
1: Waykeeng Dreem VizhyuuaLyz FohTonnik LyT Enrjee Shayp(s)
2: Waykeeng Dreem TehLehpohrT PhohTonnik LyT Enrjee Shayp(s) OwTSyd Uhv Thuh Bod Wich SeLf Wehrz
3: ( Aurah = Mag FeeLd ) Psi-Enrjee SykohkinnehTik Push LyT Enrjee Shayp(s).


LisT Uhv Theengz Wich Ahr NoT Uh Dreem…

Thuh Bod Thy SeLf Wehrz Iz SoLLid, Thus NoT Uh Dreem!!!

Thyn KLohThz Uhrownd ThaT Bod Ahr SoLLid, Thus NoT Uh Dreem!!!

BeeneeTh Thee Iz Uh [ FLohr Ohr Grownd ] ThaT Iz SoLLid, Thus NoT Uh Dreem!!!

If ShehLTr Iz Uhbuhv Thee, IT Iz SoLLid, Thus NoT Uh Dreem!!!

Our PlaneT RTh Iz SoLLid, Thus NoT Uh Dreem!!!

Thuh Fyr GLohb ThaT Shynz Day LyT Iz SoLLid, Thus NoT Uh Dreem!!!

Thuh PoeenTss Uhv LyT In Thuh NyT Tym Sky Kan GeT Seen WiTh UhSTronuhmee TehLehskohps Az FizzikuL GLohbz, Thus Thohz Ahr NoT DREEMz!!!


The Milky Way Galaxy Should Be Vizzibbul WiTh Thuh Eye ( Naked Ohr Thru A TeleScope ) Wen Thuh Sky Iz Kleer Around (SagiTarius=SadjihTehreeuhs), Thus Should GET ThoT Uv Az Solid, Thus NOT A DREAM!!!

SadjihTehreeuhs

In FohnehTik Eeng-glish Speech Sownd Synz

Sagittarius-Teapot-Messiers.jpg
Sagitarius Iz In Our Zodiac Towardz Thuh Milky Way Galactic Core.

LykWyz, Owr AbsohluuT MohsT Big Uhbzrvuhbul Yuunivrss Iz ReepohrTed By UhsTronnuhmr SyehnTisTs Tu InkLuud Mehnee GaLLakseez.

NexT TekST Fruhm: https://phys.org/news/2017-01-universe-trillion-galaxies.html

An international team of astronomers…at the University of Nottingham, have found that the universe contains at least 2 trillion galaxies…

WiTh Thuh HeLp Uhv UhsTronnuhmee TehLehskohp Camz And KuhmpyuuTr Mappeeng Aps, Thuh Pikchrz Uhv Thuh AbsohluuT MohsT Big Uhbzrvuhbul Yuunivrss MyT GeT Deskrybd Az UhsTronnuhmee TehLehskohp Pikchrz Ohrganyzd In KuhmpyuuTr Maps.

Thohz UhsTronnuhmee Maps Ahrn't BaeesT On Sleepeeng Dreemz Ohr Suhpohzed Hohlee Books.


Kuhz Uhv Konsrvaeeshuhn Uhv Enrjee, Uh Big Bom, LahnchT Twohrdz Thuh GuhlakTik Kohr Then KuhnTaeeneeng Our AbsohluuT MohsT Big Uhbzrvuhbul Yuunivrss, Wuhz Needed Tu Koz Thuh Big Bang ThaT BrThT Owr AbsohluuT MohsT Big Uhbzrvuhbul Yuunivrss


Thss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd: " Konsrveishun Uv Ehnrdjee Vrsus Kreeaeeshuhn OwT Uv NuhTheeng ".


See: Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT SmahL T

Big Bom

Thuh Big Bang Wuhz MohsT lykLee Kozd By Uh Space-STaShuhn KahLd A Big Bom Triggrd Tu Explohd Thuh GaLLakTik Kohr Uhv Uh SuuprcLuhsTr Syzd Galaxy KuhnTayneeng AhL Thuh MaTr In Owr UhbzrvuhbuL Eewnivrss.

Uh Tranz FynyT Numbr Uv GrayTr KreeayTr PanTheons Ahr

  • Thuh SyehnTiffik Ohrganyzayshuhns Incluudeeng FizzissisTs And Enjineers Uv A "Big Bom"
    • Possibly Sum Theeng Laik Thuh Hindu Brahmanda.

Brahmanda

NexT TexT Fruhm: https://translation.babylon-software.com/english/Brahmanda/

Brahmanda (Sanskrit) [from Brahma cosmic spirit + anda egg] Egg of Brahma…

Thuh GrayTr KreeayTrz MohsT LykLee Ywzd Sum Kynd Uv Poz Chahrjd Fohrss Enrjee StrukTs

* Tu Cheindj:
1: Uh ( Eewnivrss-KuhnTayneeng GaLLakTik Kohr )
2: Ohr Uh ( SohLr SisTem KuhnTayneeng Dahrk STahr ( Tuu OfT rong KahLd Uh BLak HohL )
* Thru Uh Big Bang GreyTr Kreeaeeshun Uv
* ( An AbsohLuuT Eewnivrss Uv A Spehsihfihk Groweeng Syz )
* Ohr ( Uh SohLr SisTem In A SohLr Sfeer ).

This Iz KahLd Thuh "Big Bom" SyehnTiffik HypoThehsiss Uv Thuh Frst Koz Uhv Uh Big Bang.

FrThrMohr, Thuh EewnivrsuLLee GreyTesT GrayTr KreeayTrz SivviLyzayshuhn Uhv Owr Big Bang Ywnihvrs MyT Be LohkeyTed Neer Thuh Mid uv the MohsT Big GaLLaksee In Thuh Saiuhntihfihk AsTrohnommihcuL Mid Uhv An AbsohluuT Big Bang Kozd AbsohLuuT Eewnivrss.

YouTube Vid: Most Big GaLaxy In Thuh Univrs

It Iz FrThrMohr LykLee ThaT Thuh Thuh Big Bom ThaT FrsT Kozd Owr UhbzrvuhbuL Eewnivrss MyT Hav Ben In Thuh Kohr Uhv Uh SuuprKLuhsTr Syzd Gallaxee Thuh GaLLakTik Kohr Uhv Wich MyT Hav KuhnTaynd AhL Thuh MaTr In AhL Thuh SuuprKLuhsTrz In Our UhbzrvuhbuL Eewnivrss, Thuh Kohr Uhv Wich MyT Bee Thuh Kohr Uhv Thuh MosT Big SuperclusTer.


See: Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT SmahL T

SohLr SisTem In HeeLeeohsheeTh In HeeLeeohpahz

Sohlr_SisTem_In_HeeLeeohSheeTh_In_HeeLeeohPahz.jpg

Ther Iz An EgzampuL Uhv Uh] LeesT SmahL Kynd Uhv Big Bom BLasT Sfeer Seen Surrowndeeng Owr SohLr SisTem.

Thiss LeesT SmahL Big Bom BLasT Sfeer Wuhz MohsT LykLee Kozd By Uh Big Bom Mayd By ( Uh Leest SmahL Gruup Kynd Uhv GrayTr KreeayTrz Wich Wuhz ProbbuhbLee Uh Gruup Fruhm Uh Glohb In Uh Neerby SohLr SisTem].

Thohz Leest SmahL Gruup Kynd Uhv GrayTr KreeayTrz MohsT Lyk[[Lee]]] Maeed ThaT LeesT SmahL Kynd Uhv [Big Bom UhgehnsT Uh ProbbuhbLee RehluhTiv[[Lee]]] Nuu Dahrk STahr Kozzeeng Thuh ExTrakshuhn TherFruhm Uhv Owr SohLr SisTem And Uhrownd IT Thuh (HeeleeohSheeTh=HelioSheaTh) And Uhrownd ThaT Wut Iz Nohrm Kahld Thuh (HeeleeohPahz=HelioPause).

Thss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd: " SohLr SisTem In HeeLeeohsheeTh In HeeLeeohpahz ".


MosT Big SuperclusTer

Hercules-Corona%20Borealis%20GreaT%20Wall.jpgHercules%20Corona%20Borealis%20GreaT%20Wall%20Size.jpg

Thuh NeksT TeksT Wuhz Fruhm:

What is the biggest supercluster?

The biggest supercluster known in the universe is the Hercules-Corona Borealis Great Wall. It was first reported in 2013 and has been studied several times. It's so big that light takes about 10 billion years to move across the structure. For perspective, the universe is only 13.8 billion years old.

The structure first came to light as the research team (led by Istvan Horvath of the National University of Public Service in Hungary) was looking at brief cosmic phenomena known as gamma-ray bursts. It is thought that they come from supernovas, or massive stars that explode at the end of their lifetimes.

Gamma-ray bursts are thought to be a good indication of where huge masses of stuff lie in the universe, because big stars tend to congregate in dense areas. The first survey showed gamma-rays particularly concentrated about 10 billion light-years away in the direction of the Hercules and Corona Borealis constellations.

But it's a puzzle as to just how that big structure came to be. A 2013 article from Discovery News (a partner site to Space.com) pointed out that this structure appeared to go against a principle of cosmology, or how the universe formed and evolved. Specifically, this principle says that matter should be uniform when seen at a large enough scale. The cluster, however, is not uniform.

"I would have thought this structure was too big to exist. Even as a coauthor, I still have my doubts," Jon Hakkila, an astronomy researcher at the College of Charleston in South Carolina, said in a 2014 press release. He said there was a very small chance the researchers saw a random number of gamma-rays in that location, but it is far less than one in 100.

"Thus, we believe that the structure exists," he added. "There are other structures that appear to violate universal homogeneity: the Sloan Great Wall and the Huge Large Quasar Group … are two. Thus, there may very well be others, and some could indeed be bigger. Only time will tell."


Thuh NeksT TeksT Wuhz Fruhm:

Posted on August 3, 2019 by techohd

Hercules-Corona Borealis Great Wall

The Hercules-Corona Borealis Great Wall is the biggest entity in the universe. The object is also named the Great GRB wall. It’s a galactic superstructure that is held together with gravity. It’s estimated to be about 10 billion light-years away, so it’s only been existence about 4 billion years after the Big Bang. For comparison, 10 billion light-years away are 10% of the diameter of the known universe.


Thuh NeksT TeksT Wuhz Fruhm:

The Hercules–Corona Borealis Great Wall contains many billions of galaxies, depending on how they are counted.[https://astronomy.stackexchange.com/questions/8903/how-many-galaxies-are-there-in-the-hercules-corona-borealis-great-wall/9907#9907]


Thss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd: " MosT Big SuperclusTer ".


AbsuhluuT MohsT Big Uhbzrvuhbul Yuunivrss With Bowndz Sheeld


AbsuhLuuT-MohsT_Big-UhbzrvuhbuL_Yuunivrss-WiTh-Bownduhree_SheeLd.jpg
Thuh Uhbuhv Immaj Wuhz SohrsT Fruhm:

Ther Iz An EgzampuL Uhv Uh] MohsT Big Kynd Uhv Big Bom BLasT Sfeer Seen Surrowndeeng Owr Hohm AbsohluuT MohsT Big Uhbzrvuhbul Yuunivrss.

Thiss MohsT Big Kynd Uhv Big Bom BLasT Sfeer Wuhz MohsT LykLee Kozd By Uh Big Bom Mayd By ( Uh Mohst Big Gruup Kynd Uhv GrayTr KreeayTrz.

Thohz MohsT Big Gruup Kynd Uhv GrayTr KreeayTrz MohsT LykLee Maeed ThaT MohsT Big Kynd Uhv Big Bom UhgehnsT Uh ProbbuhbLee KwyT Ohld Dahrk STahr Kozzeeng Thuh ExTrakshuhn TherFruhm Uhv Ahl Thuh MaTr Wich Iz Now In Owr Hohm AbsohluuT MohsT Big Uhbzrvuhbul Yuunivrss And Uhrownd IT Thuh MohsT GraeeT Big Bom BlasT Sfeer.


Thss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd: " Absuhluut Mohst Big Uhbzrvuhbul Yuunivrss With Bowndz Sheeld "


Thss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd: " Big Bom ".


Thss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd: " GrayTr KreeayTrz ".

Nebulae Ancestors Of Universes Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan:

Urantia Book 15:4. Nebulae — The Ancestors of Universes

15:4.1 While creation and universe organization remain forever under the control of the…Creators and their associates, the whole phenomenon proceeds in accordance with an ordained technique and in conformity to the gravity laws of force, energy, and matter. But there is something of mystery associated with the universal force-charge of space; we quite understand the organization of the material creations from the ultimatonic stage forward, but we do not fully comprehend the cosmic ancestry of the ultimatons. We are confident that these ancestral forces have a Paradise origin because they forever swing through pervaded space in the exact gigantic outlines of Paradise. Though nonresponsive to Paradise gravity, this force-charge of space, the ancestor of all materialization, does always respond to the presence of nether Paradise, being apparently circuited in and out of the nether Paradise center.

15:4.2 The Paradise master force organizers transmute space potency into primordial force and evolve this prematerial potential into the primary and secondary energy manifestations of physical reality. When this energy attains gravity-responding levels, the power directors and their associates of the superuniverse regime appear upon the scene and begin their never-ending manipulations designed to establish the manifold power circuits and energy channels of the universes of time and space. Thus does physical matter appear in space, and so is the stage set for the inauguration of universe organization.

15:4.3 This segmentation of energy is a phenomenon which has never been solved by the physicists of Nebadon. Their chief difficulty lies in the relative inaccessibility of the Paradise master force organizers, for the living universe power directors, though they are competent to deal with space-energy, do not have the least conception of the origin of the energies they so skillfully and intelligently manipulate.

15:4.4 Paradise master force organizers are Nebulae originators; they are able to initiate about their space presence the tremendous cyclones of force which, when once started, can never be stopped or limited until the all-pervading forces are mobilized for the eventual appearance of the ultimatonic units of universe matter. Thus are brought into being the spiral and other Nebulae, the mother wheels of the direct-origin suns and their varied systems. In outer space there may be seen ten different forms of Nebulae, phases of primary universe evolution, and these vast energy wheels had the same origin as did those in the seven superuniverses.

15:4.5 Nebulae vary greatly in size and in the resulting number and aggregate mass of their stellar and planetary offspring. A sun-forming nebula just north of the borders of Orvonton, but within the superuniverse space level, has already given origin to approximately forty thousand suns, and the mother wheel is still throwing off suns, the majority of which are many times the size of yours. Some of the larger Nebulae of outer space are giving origin to as many as one hundred million suns.

15:4.6 Nebulae are not directly related to any of the administrative units, such as minor sectors or local universes, although some local universes have been organized from the products of a single nebula. Each local universe embraces exactly one one-hundred-thousandth part of the total energy charge of a superuniverse irrespective of nebular relationship, for energy is not organized by Nebulae — it is universally distributed.

15:4.7 Not all spiral Nebulae are engaged in sun making. Some have retained control of many of their segregated stellar offspring, and their spiral appearance is occasioned by the fact that their suns pass out of the nebular arm in close formation but return by diverse routes, thus making it easy to observe them at one point but more difficult to see them when widely scattered on their different returning routes farther out and away from the arm of the nebula. There are not many sun-forming Nebulae active in Orvonton at the present time, though Andromeda, which is outside [this ]inhabited superuniverse, is very active. This far-distant nebula is visible to the naked eye, and when you view it, pause to consider that the light you behold left those distant suns almost one million years ago.

15:4.8 The Milky Way galaxy is composed of vast numbers of former spiral and other Nebulae, and many still retain their original configuration. But as the result of internal catastrophes and external attraction, many have suffered such distortion and rearrangement as to cause these enormous aggregations to appear as gigantic luminous masses of blazing suns, like the Magellanic Cloud. The globular type of star clusters predominates near the outer margins of Orvonton.

15:4.9 The vast star clouds of Orvonton should be regarded as individual aggregations of matter comparable to the separate Nebulae observable in the space regions external to the Milky Way galaxy. Many of the so-called star clouds of space, however, consist of gaseous material only. The energy potential of these stellar gas clouds is unbelievably enormous, and some of it is taken up by near-by suns and redispatched in space as solar emanations.

Organization Of The Superuniverses Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan:

Urantia Book 15:2. Organization of the Superuniverses

15:2.1 Only the Universal Father knows the location and actual number of inhabited worlds in space; he calls them all by name and number. I can give only the approximate number of inhabited or inhabitable planets, for some local universes have more worlds suitable for intelligent life than others. Nor have all projected local universes been organized. Therefore the estimates which I offer are solely for the purpose of affording some idea of the immensity of the material creation.

Excluding the Paradise-Havona spheres, the plan of universe organization provides for the following units:

Superuniverses… … … … . 7
Major sectors… … … … . 70
Minor sectors… … … … 7,000
Local universes … … … . 700,000
Universe Constellations … …70,000,000
Local systems… … … . 7,000,000,000
Inhabitable planets … … …7,000,000,000,000

15:2.18 Each of the seven superuniverses is constituted, approximately, as follows:

One system embraces, approximately… … … … . 1,000 worlds
One constellation (100 local systems) … … . .100,000 worlds
One universe (100 universe constellations) … . 10,000,000 worlds
One minor sector (100 universes) … … . . 1,000,000,000 worlds
One major sector (100 minor sectors) … . . 100,000,000,000 worlds
One superuniverse (10 major sectors) … . 1,000,000,000,000 worlds

15:2.25 All such estimates are approximations at best, for new systems are constantly evolving while other organizations are temporarily passing out of material existence.

15:2.2 There are seven superuniverses in the grand universe, and they are constituted approximately as follows:

Grand Universe Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan

Included page "local-group-pikchr" does not exist (create it now)

Urantia Book 15:2.9 7. The Grand Universe. Seven SuperUniverses make up the present organized grand universe, consisting of approximately seven trillion inhabitable worlds plus the architectural spheres and the one billion inhabited spheres of Havona. The superuniverses are ruled and administered indirectly and reflectively from Paradise by the Seven Master Spirits. The billion worlds of Havona are directly administered by the Eternals of Days, one such Supreme Trinity Personality presiding over each of these perfect spheres.

Superuniverse


Thuh NeksT TeksT Wuhz Fruhm:

15:2.8 6. The Superuniverse. [ About ] Ten major sectors (about 1,000,000,000,000 inhabitable planets) constitute a superuniverse.

15:3.1 (167.17) Practically all of the starry realms visible to the naked eye on Urantia belong to…the superuniverse of Orvonton. The vast Milky Way starry system represents the central nucleus of Orvonton.


MiLky Way SaTeLLiTe GaLaxies

640px-Satellite_Galaxies.svg.png

See Also-AhLsoh:

Major SecTor Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan:

UranTia Book 15:2.7 5. The Major Sector. One hundred minor sectors (about 100,000,000,000 inhabitable worlds) make one major sector. Each major sector is provided with a superb headquarters and is presided over by three Perfections of Days, Supreme Trinity Personalities.

Minor Sector Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan:

15:2.6 4. The Minor Sector. One hundred local universes (about 1,000,000,000 inhabitable planets) constitute a minor sector of the superuniverse government; it has a wonderful headquarters world, wherefrom its rulers, the Recents of Days, administer the affairs of the minor sector. There are three Recents of Days, Supreme Trinity Personalities, on each minor sector headquarters.

Local Universe Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan:

15:2.5 3. The Local Universe. One hundred constellations (about 10,000,000 inhabitable planets) constitute a local universe. Each local universe has a magnificent architectural headquarters world and is ruled by one of the co-ordinate Creator Sons of God of the order of Michael. Each universe is blessed by the presence of a Union of Days, a representative of the Paradise Trinity.

Universe Constellation Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan:

15:2.4 2. The Universe Constellation. One hundred local systems (about 100,000 inhabitable planets) make up a universe constellation. Each Universe Constellation has an architectural headquarters sphere and is presided over by three Vorondadek Sons, the Most Highs. Each universe constellation also has a Faithful of Days in observation, an ambassador of the Paradise Trinity.

Local System Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan:

15:2.3 1. The Local System. The basic unit of the supergovernment consists of about one thousand inhabited or inhabitable worlds. Blazing suns, cold worlds, planets too near the hot suns, and other spheres not suitable for creature habitation are not included in this group. These one thousand worlds adapted to support life are called a LocaL SysTem, but in the younger systems only a comparatively small number of these worlds may be inhabited. Each inhabited planet is presided over by a Planetary Prince, and each local system has an architectural sphere as its headquarters and is ruled by a System Sovereign.

SuperUniverse Of Orvonton Uv SohrSS Uv AhL PLan:

Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Fruhm:

Urantia Book 15:3. The Superuniverse of Orvonton

15:3.1 Practically all of the starry realms visible to the naked eye on Urantia belong to the seventh section of the grand universe, the SuperUniverse of Orvonton. The vast Milky Way starry system represents the central nucleus of Orvonton, being largely beyond the borders of your local universe. This great aggregation of suns, dark islands of space, double stars, globular clusters, star clouds, spiral and other nebulae, together with myriads of individual planets, forms a watchlike, elongated-circular grouping of about one seventh of the inhabited evolutionary universes.


MiLky Way SubGroup WiTh SaTeLLiTe GaLaxys


SubGroup Word Descriptions In FohnehTik EengGLish Voeess Sownd Chahrz

THuh NexT TekST Wuhz Fruhm:

definitions - subgroup

subgroup (n.)

1.(mathematics) a subset (that is not empty) of a mathematical group

2.a distinct and often subordinate group within a group

Merriam Webster

Subgroup , n. (Biol.) A subdivision of a group, as of animals. Darwin.


MiLkee Waee Subgruup Pikchr:

icn-milky-way-subgroup-galaxies.jpg

SaTeLLiTe GaLaXy Term Description In FohnehTik EengGLish Voeess Sownd Chahrz

Thuh NexT TekST Wuhz Fruhm:

What Is a Satellite Galaxy?

Our sun is part of a massive collection of stars in the Milky Way galaxy. These hundreds of billions of stars orbit the galaxy’s center. But did you know that there are things that are even bigger orbiting the Milky Way’s center? Other galaxies orbit it too!

sat-gal-explain.en.png

These less massive galaxies have their own impressive collection of stars, which all orbit their own center; but the galaxies and everything in them orbit our galaxy too. It’s as if our galaxy is the sun and those other galaxies are planets. Astronomers call them “satellite galaxies.”


Thuh NexT TekSTs Wr Fruhm:

The Nearest Galaxies

The Large and Small Magellanic clouds were thought to be the closest galaxies to ours, until 1994, when the Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy (SagDEG) was discovered. In 2003, the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy was discovered - this is now the closest known galaxy to ours! …

The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy

The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy is only 25,000 light years from the Sun, and 42,000 light years from the Galactic center. It too, is well-hidden by the dust in the plane of the Milky Way - which is why it wasn't discovered until recently.

This galaxy is also being pulled apart by the Milky Way's gravity - as it orbits the Milky Way, it is leaving a long filament of stars, gas, and dust in its wake. This 200,000 light year-long filament is known as the Monoceros Ring, and actually wraps three times around our galaxy! The Canis Major Dwarf galaxy was discovered in the course of the investigation of this Ring, which was first discovered in 2002. [ BeeLoh Iz ] an illustration of the Milky Way, the Canis Major Dwarf, and the stream of material coming from the Galaxy.

canis.jpg

Distance Information

The closest known galaxy to us is the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, at 236,000,000,000,000,000 km (25,000 light years) from the Sun. The Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy is the next closest , at 662,000,000,000,000,000 km (70,000 light years) from the Sun.

The Large Magellanic Cloud, 1,690,000,000,000,000,000 km (179,000 light years) away, was once considered the nearest galaxy outside of the Milky Way. The Small Magellanic Cloud is 1,980,000,000,000,000,000 km (210,000 light years) away.
How Do We Calculate Distances of This Magnitude?

Astronomers primarily use Cepheid and/or RR Lyrae Variables to measure distances to the LMC, the SMC, and the Dwarf Galaxies. The distance to the LMC has come to play such a crucial role in establishing the extragalactic distance scale that several research groups are applying a variety of methods other than the Cepheids and RR Lyraes. These alternative techniques, which include the use of SN 1987A, the so-called red clump stars, and eclipsing binaries are used to check the accuracy of the period-luminosity relationships. By using several different methods to determine distances, astronomers can increase the accuracy of and our confidence in the RR Lyrae and Cepheid methods, and the distances determined by them.

For more information about Cepheids and RR Lyrae, please read the section on calculating distances in the Milky Way.
Why Are These Distances Important To Astronomers?

If you measure the distance to one object in the LMC, for example, you know the distances to all the millions of objects in the LMC fairly accurately. Of course, there are not all exactly the same, but the thickness of LMC, as seen from the Earth, is much smaller than the typical uncertainties in the distances to individual objects in the Milky Way. Astronomers therefore often study LMC objects then calculate their true brightness from their apparent brightness and the latest (the most accurate) distance to the LMC. For example, astronomers have studied the supernova remnants to compare with theoretical models, or to derive a relationship between their size, energy, and brightness.
Travel Time

To get to the closest galaxy to ours, the Canis Major Dwarf, at Voyager's speed, it would take approximately 749,000,000 years to travel the distance of 25,000 light years! If we could travel at the speed of light, it would still take 25,000 years!


MiLky Way SaTeLLiTe GaLaxies

640px-Satellite_Galaxies.svg.png

See Also-AhLsoh:


MiLkee Waee Subgruup Pikchr:

icn-milky-way-subgroup-galaxies.jpg

MiLky Way SaTeLLiTe GaLaxies

640px-Satellite_Galaxies.svg.png

See Also-AhLsoh:


Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Fruhm:

Urantia Book 15:3. The Superuniverse of Orvonton

15:3.2 From the astronomical position of Urantia, as you look through the cross section of near-by systems to the great Milky Way, you observe that the spheres of Orvonton are traveling in a vast elongated plane, the breadth being far greater than the thickness and the length far greater than the breadth.

15:3.3 Observation of the so-called Milky Way discloses the comparative increase in Orvonton stellar density when the heavens are viewed in one direction, while on either side the density diminishes; the number of stars and other spheres decreases away from the chief plane of our material superuniverse. When the angle of observation is propitious, gazing through the main body of this realm of maximum density, you are looking toward the residential universe and the center of all things.

15:3.4 Of the ten major divisions of Orvonton, eight have been roughly identified by Urantian astronomers. The other two are difficult of separate recognition because you are obliged to view these phenomena from the inside…

15:3.5 The rotational center of your minor sector is situated far away in the enormous and dense star cloud of Sagittarius, around which your local universe and its associated creations all move, and from opposite sides of the vast Sagittarius subgalactic system you may observe two great streams of star clouds emerging in stupendous stellar coils.

15:3.6 The nucleus of the physical Local System to which your sun and its associated planets belong is the center of the onetime Andronover Nebula. This former spiral nebula was slightly distorted by the gravity disruptions associated with the events which were attendant upon the birth of your Solar System, and which were occasioned by the near approach of a large neighboring nebula. This near collision changed Andronover into a somewhat globular aggregation but did not wholly destroy the two-way procession of the suns and their associated physical groups. Your solar system now occupies a fairly central position in one of the arms of this distorted spiral, situated about halfway from the center out towards the edge of the star stream.

15:3.7 The Sagittarius sector and all other sectors and divisions of Orvonton are in rotation around Uversa, and some of the confusion of Urantian star observers arises out of the illusions and relative distortions produced by the following multiple revolutionary movements:

1. The revolution of Urantia around its sun.

2. The circuit of your Solar System about the nucleus of the former Andronover nebula.

3. The rotation of the Andronover stellar family and the associated clusters about the composite rotation-gravity center of the star cloud of Nebadon.

4. The swing of the local star cloud of Nebadon and its associated creations around the Sagittarius center of their minor sector.

5. The rotation of the one hundred minor sectors, including Sagittarius, about their major sector.

6. The whirl of the ten major sectors, the so-called star drifts, about the Uversa headquarters of Orvonton.

7. The movement of Orvonton and six associated superuniverses around Paradise and Havona, the counterclockwise processional of the superuniverse space level.

15:3.15 These multiple motions are of several orders: The space paths of your planet and your solar system are…inherent in origin. The absolute counterclockwise motion of Orvonton is also…inherent in the architectural plans of the master universe. But the intervening motions are of composite origin, being derived in part from the constitutive segmentation of matter-energy into the superuniverses and in part produced by the intelligent and purposeful action of the Paradise Master Force Organizers.

See Also=AhLsoh: MinisTering SpiriTs Of The SuperUniverses

Splandon Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan:

Splandon is one of the ten major sectors in the superuniverse of Orvonton that consist of 100 minor sectors and 100,000,000,000 inhabited worlds. The capital of Splandon is called Umajor the fifth that is surrounded by seventy satellite worlds devoted to superuniverse intellectual training and development.

Thuh Milkee Waee Owr Hohm Gallaksee


Thuh [(Milkee Waee Iz "estimated to contain 100–400 billion stars" Wich Iz UhbowT Thuh Saeem Az Splandon Major Sector) ThaT Iz ReepohrTed Tu Hav "100,000,000,000 worlds" Uhkohrdeeng Tu Paeepr 15: vrs 11: Uhv Thuh Urantia Book.


MiLkee Waee WiTh UhsTronnuhmee UhbzrvuhTohree Pikchr

If In DowT, Heer: https://www.howtopronounce.com/observatory/

MiLkee_Waee_GaLLaksee-WiTh-UhsTronnuhmee_UhbzrvuhTohree-Pikchr.jpg

SadjihTehreeuhs

In FohnehTik Eeng-glish Speech Sownd Synz

Sagittarius-Teapot-Messiers.jpg
Sagitarius Iz In Our Zodiac Towardz Thuh Milky Way Galactic Core.
2_Thrdz-OwT-In-SpyruL_Ahrm-Uhv-MiLkee_Waee-720Wyd_By_540Hy.jpg

MiLkee Waee GaLLaksee Map

Milky_Way_Ahrms-WiTh-KuhLrd_Naymz-And-AeengGuL_Degreez-600w_By_540H.jpg

GallakTik Yeer

GallakTik Yeerz

Thuh NeksT TeksT Wuhz Fruhm:

Galactic year [ Trm Deskripshuhnz ]

Approximate orbit of the Sun (yellow circle) around the Galactic Centre. The galactic year…is the duration of time required for the Solar System to orbit once around the center of the Milky Way Galaxy. Estimates of the length of one orbit range from 225 to 250 million terrestrial years.

A galactic year is roughly the time it takes for the Solar System to make one complete revolution around the Milky Way Galaxy. That itself takes approximately 225 million Earth years.

[How many Earh Years Are In One Galactic Year?] 225-250 Million Yeerz

[What Is The EarTh's Age in Galactic Years?]

Thuh NeksT TeksT Wuhz Fruhm:

The Earth is actually a fast-moving spacecraft. It orbits around Sun with an average speed of about 30 km/s (67,000 mph or 108,000 kmh), but what’s more, our galaxy, the Milky Way also rotates. It makes one rotation every 250 million years or so. As a result, our planet is approximately 18 galactic years old.

[What Is The Sun's Age in Galactic Years?]

[How Many Galactic Years ago Was The Big Bang?]

Frum UranTia Book Srch Fohr "Splandon":

1 - (15:7.9) Umajor the Fifth, the headquarters of your major sector, Splandon, is surrounded by the seventy spheres of the advancing intellectual training of the OrvonTon superuniverse.

2 - (15:14.7) The minor sector of Ensa consists of one hundred local universes and has a capital called Uminor the third. This minor sector is number three in the major sector of Splandon. Splandon consists of one hundred minor sectors and has a headquarters world called Umajor the fifth. It is the fifth major sector of the superuniverse of Orvonton, the seventh segment of the grand universe. Thus you can locate your planet, Urantia, in the scheme of the organization and administration of the universe of universes.

3 - (18:4.7) You will early see the Perfections of Days when you advance to the headquarters of Splandon after your sojourn on the worlds of your minor sector, for these exalted rulers are closely associated with the seventy major sector worlds of higher training for the ascendant creatures of [[[time]]. The [[Perfections of Days]]], in person, administer the group pledges to the ascending graduates of the major sector schools.

Ensa Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan:

Frum Srch Thuh UranTia Book Fohr "Ensa"]:

1 - (15:7.8) Uminor the third, the headquarters of your minor sector, Ensa, is surrounded by the seven spheres of the higher physical studies of the ascendant life.

2 - (15:14.6) [Our Local System] has a headquarters world called Jerusem, and it is system number twenty-four in the Universe Constellation of Norlatiadek. Your Universe Constellation, Norlatiadek, consists of one hundred local systems and has a headquarters world called Edentia. Norlatiadek is number seventy in the LocaL Universe of Nebadon. The local universe of Nebadon consists of one hundred Universe Constellations and has a capital known as Salvington. The Local Universe of Nebadon is number eighty-four in the minor sector of Ensa.

3 - (15:14.7) The minor sector of Ensa consists of one hundred local universes and has a capital called Uminor the third. This minor sector is number three in the major sector of Splandon. Splandon consists of one hundred minor sectors and has a headquarters world called Umajor the fifth. It is the fifth major sector of the superuniverse of Orvonton, the seventh segment of the Grand Universe. Thus you can locate your planet, Urantia, in the scheme of the organization and administration of the universe of universes.

4 - (18:5.5) You will all sometime know the three Recents of Days in charge of Ensa, your minor sector, since you must pass through their hands on your way inward to the training worlds of the major sectors. In ascending to Uversa, you will pass through only one group of minor sector training spheres.

5 - (29:4.18) 2. Mechanical Controllers. These are the exceedingly versatile and mobile assistants of the associate power directors. Trillions upon trillions of them are commissioned in Ensa, your minor sector. These beings are called mechanical controllers because they are so completely dominated by their superiors, so fully subservient to the will of the associate power directors. Nevertheless they are, themselves, very intelligent, and their work, though mechanical and matter-of-fact in nature, is skillfully performed.

6 - (35:10.2) These administrative schools of the local universe are supervised by a corps of Lanonandek Sons who have had long experience as System Sovereigns and as Universe Constellation counselors. These executive colleges are excelled only by the administrative schools of Ensa.

Andronover Nebula Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan:

Urantia Book 57:1. The Andronover Nebula

57:1.1 Urantia is of origin in your sun, and your sun is one of the multifarious offspring of the Andronover nebula, which was onetime organized as a component part of the physical power and material matter of the local universe of Nebadon. And this great nebula itself took origin in the universal force-charge of space in the superuniverse of Orvonton, long, long ago.

57:1.2 At the time of the beginning of this recital, the Primary Master Force Organizers of Paradise had long been in full control of the space-energies which were later organized as the [[[Andronover nebula]].

57:1.3 987,000,000,000 years ago associate force organizer and then acting inspector number 811,307 of the Orvonton series, traveling out from Uversa, reported to the Ancients of Days that space conditions were favorable for the initiation of materialization phenomena in a certain sector of the, then, easterly segment of Orvonton.

57:1.4 900,000,000,000 years ago, the Uversa archives testify, there was recorded a permit issued by the Uversa Council of Equilibrium to the superuniverse government authorizing the dispatch of a force organizer and staff to the region previously designated by inspector number 811,307. The Orvonton authorities commissioned the original discoverer of this potential LocaL Universe to execute the mandate of the Ancients of Days calling for the organization of a new material creation.

57:1.5 The recording of this permit signifies that the force organizer and staff had already departed from Uversa on the long journey to that easterly space sector where they were subsequently to engage in those protracted activities which would terminate in the emergence of a new physical creation in Orvonton.

57:1.6 875,000,000,000 years ago the enormous Andronover nebula number 876,926 was duly initiated. Only the presence of the force organizer and the liaison staff was required to inaugurate the energy whirl which eventually grew into this vast cyclone of space. Subsequent to the initiation of such nebular revolutions, the living force organizers simply withdraw at right angles to the plane of the revolutionary disk, and from that time forward, the inherent qualities of energy insure the progressive and orderly evolution of such a new physical system.

57:1.7 At about this time the narrative shifts to the functioning of the personalities of the Orvonton superuniverse. In reality the story has its proper beginning at this point — at just about the time the Paradise Master Force Organizers are preparing to withdraw, having made the space-energy conditions ready for the action of the power directors and physical controllers of the superuniverse of Orvonton.

Primary Nebular Stage Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan:

UranTia Book 57:2. The Primary Nebular Stage

57:2.1 All evolutionary material creations are born of circular and gaseous nebulae, and all such primary nebulae are circular throughout the early part of their gaseous existence. As they grow older, they usually become spiral, and when their function of sun formation has run its course, they often terminate as clusters of stars or as enormous suns surrounded by a varying number of planets, satellites, and smaller groups of matter in many ways resembling your own diminutive solar system.

57:2.2 800,000,000,000 years ago the Andronover creation was well established as one of the magnificent primary nebulae of Orvonton. As the astronomers of near-by universes looked out upon this phenomenon of space, they saw very little to attract their attention. Gravity estimates made in adjacent creations indicated that space materializations were taking place in the Andronover regions, but that was all.

57:2.3 700,000,000,000 years ago the Andronover system was assuming gigantic proportions, and additional physical controllers were dispatched to nine surrounding material creations to afford support and supply co-operation to the power centers of this new material system which was so rapidly evolving. At this distant date all of the material bequeathed to the subsequent creations was held within the confines of this gigantic space wheel, which continued…to whirl and, after reaching its maximum of diameter, to whirl faster and faster as it continued to condense and contract.

57:2.4 600,000,000,000 years ago the height of the Andronover energy-mobilization period was attained; the nebula had acquired its maximum of mass. At this time it was a gigantic circular gas cloud in shape somewhat like a flattened spheroid. This was the early period of differential mass formation and varying revolutionary velocity. Gravity and other influences were about to begin their work of converting space gases into organized matter.

Secondary Nebular Stage Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan:

Urantia Book 57:3. The Secondary Nebular Stage

57:3.1 The enormous Andronover NebuLa now began gradually to assume the spiral form and to become clearly visible to the astronomers of even distant universes. This is the natural history of most nebulae; before they begin to throw off suns and start upon the work of universe building, these secondary space nebulae are usually observed as spiral phenomena.

57:3.2 The near-by star students of that faraway era, as they observed this metamorphosis of the Andronover nebula, saw exactly what twentieth-century astronomers see when they turn their telescopes spaceward and view the present-age spiral nebulae of adjacent outer space.

57:3.3 About the time of the attainment of the maximum of mass, the gravity control of the gaseous content commenced to weaken, and there ensued the stage of gas escapement, the gas streaming forth as two gigantic and distinct arms, which took origin on opposite sides of the mother mass. The rapid revolutions of this enormous central core soon imparted a spiral appearance to these two projecting gas streams. The cooling and subsequent condensation of portions of these protruding arms eventually produced their knotted appearance. These denser portions were vast systems and subsystems of physical matter whirling through space in the midst of the gaseous cloud of the nebula while being held securely within the gravity grasp of the mother wheel.

57:3.4 But the nebula had begun to contract, and the increase in the rate of revolution further lessened gravity control; and erelong, the outer gaseous regions began actually to escape from the immediate embrace of the nebular nucleus, passing out into space on circuits of irregular outline, returning to the nuclear regions to complete their circuits, and so on. But this was only a temporary stage of nebular progression. The ever-increasing rate of whirling was soon to throw enormous suns off into space on independent circuits.

57:3.5 And this is what happened in Andronover ages upon ages ago. The energy wheel grew and grew until it attained its maximum of expansion, and then, when contraction set in, it whirled on faster and faster until, eventually, the critical centrifugal stage was reached and the great breakup began.

57:3.6 500,000,000,000 years ago the first Andronover sun was born. This blazing streak broke away from the…gravity grasp and tore out into space on an independent adventure in the cosmos of creation. Its orbit was determined by its path of escape. Such young suns quickly become spherical and start out on their long and eventful careers as the stars of space. Excepting terminal nebular nucleuses, the vast majority of Orvonton suns have had an analogous birth. These escaping suns pass through varied periods of evolution and subsequent universe service.

57:3.7 400,000,000,000 years ago began the recaptive period of the Andronover nebula. Many of the near-by and smaller suns were recaptured as a result of the gradual enlargement and further condensation of the mother nucleus. Very soon there was inaugurated the terminal phase of nebular condensation, the period which always precedes the final segregation of these immense space aggregations of energy and matter.

57:3.8 It was scarcely a million years subsequent to this epoch that MichaeL of Nebadon, a Creator Son of Paradise, selected this disintegrating nebula as the site of his adventure in universe building. Almost immediately the architectural worlds of Salvington and the one hundred constellation headquarters groups of planets were begun. It required almost one million years to complete these clusters of specially created worlds. The LocaL SysTem headquarters planets were constructed over a period extending from that time to about five billion years ago.

57:3.9 300,000,000,000 years ago the Andronover solar circuits were well established, and the nebular system was passing through a transient period of relative physical stability. About this time the staff of Michael arrived on Salvington, and the Uversa government of Orvonton extended physical recognition to the local universe of Nebadon.

57:3.10 200,000,000,000 years ago witnessed the progression of contraction and condensation with enormous heat generation in the Andronover central cluster, or nuclear mass. Relative space appeared even in the regions near the central…sun wheel. The outer regions were becoming more stabilized and better organized; some planets revolving around the newborn suns had cooled sufficiently to be suitable for life implantation. The oldest inhabited planets of Nebadon date from these times.

57:3.11 Now the completed LocaL Universe mechanism of Nebadon first begins to function, and Michael’s creation is registered on Uversa as a universe of inhabitation and progressive mortal ascension.

57:3.12 100,000,000,000 years ago the nebular apex of condensation tension was reached; the point of maximum heat tension was attained. This critical stage of gravity-heat contention sometimes lasts for ages, but sooner or later, heat wins the struggle with gravity, and the spectacular period of sun dispersion begins. And this marks the end of the secondary career of a space nebula.

Nebadon LocaL Universe Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan:

Local Universe Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan:

15:2.5 3. The Local Universe. One hundred constellations (about 10,000,000 inhabitable planets) constitute a local universe. Each local universe has a magnificent architectural headquarters world and is ruled by one of the co-ordinate Creator Sons of God of the order of Michael. Each universe is blessed by the presence of a Union of Days, a representative of the Paradise Trinity.

Where is Nebadon?

There are some elements about Nebadon in The Urantia Book that can be correlated with what has been discovered by astronomers.

Lets go look.
The Urantia Book:
P.458 - §2
The suns of Nebadon are not unlike those of other universes. The material composition of all suns, dark islands, planets, and satellites, even meteors, is quite identical. These suns have an average diameter of about one million miles, that of your own solar orb being slightly less. The largest star in the universe, the stellar cloud Antares, is four hundred and fifty times the diameter of your sun and is sixty million times its volume. But there is abundant space to accommodate all of these enormous suns. They have just as much comparative elbow room in space as one dozen oranges would have if they were circulating about throughout the interior of Urantia, and were the planet a hollow globe.

point: The largest star in the universe, the stellar cloud Antares
distinction: There are larger stars than Antares that have been discovered in our galaxy so these stars must be outside of Nebadon.

The Urantia Book:
P.466 - §4
Urantia is comparatively isolated on the outskirts of Satania…with one exception, being the farthest removed from Jerusem, while Satania itself is next to the outermost system of Norlatiadek, and this universe constellation is now traversing the outer fringe of Nebadon

point: Urantia is comparatively isolated on the outskirts of Satania…with one exception, being the farthest removed from Jerusem, while Satania itself is next to the outermost system of Norlatiadek, and this universe constellation is now traversing the outer fringe of Nebadon.
distinction: We are on the outer fringe of Nebadon.

assertion: Most of Nebadon is in one direction in our sky.

Using Burnham’s Celestial Handbook (a great text on astronomy)
I found this…
Antares is a supergiant star of exceptionally great dimensions; among the bright stars it is probably exceeded in size only by Betelgeuse.
fact: Data from Hipparcos Catalog

The distance to the star Betelgeuse is 427.47 light-years.
The distance to the star Antares is 603.99 light-years.

assertion: Both Antares and Betelgeuse, are light years away from us in almost opposite directions from each other. Betelgeuse has been found to be larger than Antares. So we know that Betelgeuse is not in Nebadon. So we know we are on the edge of Nebadon, and that most of Nebadon is not in the direction of Betelgeuse.

The Urantia Book:
P.455 - §3
One or moreeven manysuch nebulae may be encompassed within the domain of a single local universe even as Nebadon was physically assembled out of the stellar and planetary progeny of Andronover and other nebulae. The spheres of Nebadon are of diverse nebular ancestry, but they all had a certain minimum commonness of space motion which was so adjusted by the intelligent efforts of the power directors as to produce our present aggregation of space bodies, which travel along together as a contiguous unit over the orbits of the superuniverse.

point: Nebadon was physically assembled out of the stellar and planetary progeny of Andronover and other nebulae.

point: The spheres of Nebadon are of diverse nebular ancestry, but they all had a certain minimum commonness of space motion

distinction: Nebadon is made up of more than just the Andronover nebula. And that all the stars of Nebadon have a common space motion.

From Burnnam’s Celestial Handbook (p-1668):

THE SCORPIO-CENTAURUS ASSOCIATION
A large scattered aggregation of early-type stars extends over about 90 degrees of the southern sky, and includes many of the bright stars in the Astronomy constellations of Crux, Centaurus, Lupus, and Scorpius. This aggregation is called the Scorpio Centaurus Association. It is a part of a general population of bright B-type stars in the region defining a larger structure often called the (Astronomy) Local System or the Local Star Cloud, a sub-unit in one of the spiral arms of our Galaxy. The Group is the nearest aggregation of early B-type stars,…(snip)

The members of the Scorpio-Centaurus Association show a common space motion toward the southwest,…(snip) The proper motions are all rather small, averaging about 0.03 annually, but the fact of common motion is clearly evident. The entire group forms a flattened and tilted structure crossing the central plane of the Milky Way in the region of the Southern Cross…(snip)

Antares itself is the brightest member of the huge Association…(snip)

point: defining a larger structure often called the (Astronomy) Local System or the Local Star Cloud

note: the Local Star Cloud

point: but the fact of common motion is clearly evident

point: Antares itself is the brightest member of the huge Association

The Facts on File Dictionary of Astronomy (p-157):

Gould Belt (Astronomy Local System). A local formation of stars and clouds of gas and dust that appears to be a spur attached to the lower edge of the Orion arm of the Galaxy. It contains many of the apparently brightest stars in the sky, which follow the projection of the system across the sky in a ‘belt’ at 16 degrees to the line of the Milky Way. The system is about 700 parsecs wide and 70 parsecs thick and includes the II Persei, Scorpio-Centaurus, and Orion OB-associations. The sun lies approximately 12 parsecs north of the Belts equatorial plane and about 100 parsecs from its center.

assertion: [T]his so called Gould Belt [might be] Nebadon:

GB-061.jpg

This part of the sky is up in the early evenings during the summer months (
probably of the Northern Hemisphere).

See Also=ShLsoh:

TerTiary And QuarTan STages Uv Andronover Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan:

Urantia Book 57:4 Tertiary and Quartan Stages

57:4.1 The primary stage of a nebula is circular; the secondary, spiral; the tertiary stage is that of the first sun dispersion, while the quartan embraces the second and last cycle of sun dispersion, with the mother nucleus ending either as a globular cluster or as a solitary sun functioning as the center of a terminal solar system.

Andronover Tertiary Stage:

57:4.2 75,000,000,000 years ago this Andronover nebula had attained the height of its sun-family stage. This was the apex of the first period of sun losses. The majority of these suns have since possessed themselves of extensive systems of planets, satellites, dark islands, comets, meteors, and cosmic dust clouds.

57:4.3 50,000,000,000 years ago this first period of sun dispersion was completed; the nebula was fast finishing its tertiary cycle of existence, during which it gave origin to 876,926 sun systems.

57:4.4 25,000,000,000 years ago witnessed the completion of the tertiary cycle of nebular life and brought about the organization and relative stabilization of the far-flung starry systems derived from this parent nebula. But the process of physical contraction and increased heat production continued in the central mass of the nebular remnant.

Andronover Quartan Stage:

57:4.5 10,000,000,000 years ago the quartan cycle of Andronover began. The maximum of nuclear-mass temperature had been attained; the critical point of condensation was approaching. The original…nucleus was convulsing under the combined pressure of its own internal-heat condensation tension and the increasing gravity-tidal pull of the surrounding swarm of liberated sun systems. The nuclear eruptions which were to inaugurate the second nebular sun cycle were imminent. The quartan cycle of nebular existence was about to begin.

57:4.6 8,000,000,000 years ago the terrific terminal eruption began. Only the outer systems are safe at the time of such a cosmic upheaval. And this was the beginning of the end of the nebula. This final sun disgorgement extended over a period of almost two billion years.

57:4.7 7,000,000,000 years ago witnessed the height of the Andronover terminal breakup. This was the period of the birth of the larger terminal suns and the apex of the local physical disturbances.

57:4.8 6,000,000,000 years ago marks the end of the terminal breakup and the birth of your sun, the fifty-sixth from the last of the Andronover second solar family. This final eruption of the nebular nucleus gave birth to 136,702 suns, most of them solitary orbs. The total number of suns and sun systems having origin in the Andronover nebula was 1,013,628. The number of the solar system sun is 1,013,572.

57:4.9 And now the great Andronover nebula is no more, but it lives on in the many suns and their planetary families which originated in this…cloud of space. The final nuclear remnant of this magnificent nebula still burns with a reddish glow and continues to give forth moderate light and heat to its remnant planetary family of one hundred and sixty-five worlds, which now revolve about this venerable mother of two mighty generations of the monarchs of light.

NorLaTiadek Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan:

Frum [ Srch Thuh Urantia Book] Fohr "NorLaTiadek":

1 - (15:7.6) Edentia, the headquarters of your Universe Constellation of Norlatiadek, has its seventy satellites of socializing culture and training, on which ascenders sojourn upon the completion of the Jerusem regime of personality mobilization, unification, and realization.

2 - (15:14.6) [Your Local System] has a headquarters world called Jerusem, and it is LocaL SysTem number twenty-four in the constellation of Norlatiadek. Your constellation, Norlatiadek, consists of one hundred local systems and has a headquarters world called Edentia. Norlatiadek is number seventy in the universe of Nebadon. The LocaL Universe of Nebadon consists of one hundred Universe ConsTeLLaTions and has a capital known as SaLvingTon. The Local Universe of Nebadon is number eighty-four in the minor sector of Ensa.

5 - (35:6.5) The Most Highs surround themselves with a corps of counselors, which varies in number and personnel from time to time in accordance with the presence of the various groups at constellation headquarters and also as the local requirements vary. During times of stress they may ask for, and will quickly receive, additional Sons of the Vorondadek order to assist with the administrative work. Norlatiadek, your own Universe Constellation, is at present administered by twelve Vorondadek Sons.

7 - (39:3.10) 6. The Recorders. The sixth order of supervising seraphim act as the special recorders of constellation affairs. A large and efficient corps functions on Edentia, the headquarters of the Universe ConsTeLLaTion of NorLaTiadek, to which your system and planet belong.

9 - (41:1.4) Ten Supreme Power Centers of the fifth order are assigned to each of Nebadon's primary subdivisions, the one hundred Universe ConsTeLLaTions. In Norlatiadek, your Universe ConsTeLLaTion, they are not stationed on the headquarters sphere but are situated at the center of the enormous stellar system which constitutes the physical core of the constellation. On Edentia there are ten associated mechanical controllers and ten frandalanks who are in perfect and constant liaison with the near-by power centers.

10 - (41:2.1) While the Master Physical Controllers serve with the power centers throughout the Grand Universe, their functions in a LocaL SysTem, such as [yours], are more easy of comprehension. [Your LocaL SysTem] is one of one hundred LocaL Systems which make up the administrative organization of the Universe ConsTeLLaTion of NorLaTiadek, having as immediate neighbors the LocaL SysTems of Sandmatia, Assuntia, Porogia, Sortoria, Rantulia, and Glantonia. The Norlatiadek systems differ in many respects, but all are evolutionary and progressive, very much like [Your LocaL SysTem].

11 - (41:2.8) The power-energy supervision of the evolutionary inhabited worlds is the responsibility of the Master Physical Controllers, but these beings are not responsible for all energy misbehavior on Urantia. There are a number of reasons for such disturbances, some of which are beyond the domain and control of the physical custodians. Urantia is in the lines of tremendous energies, a small planet in the circuit of enormous masses, and the local controllers sometimes employ enormous numbers of their order in an effort to equalize these lines of energy. They do fairly well with regard to the physical circuits of [Your LocaL SysTem] but have trouble insulating against the powerful Norlatiadek currents.

12 - (41:10.5) Urantia is comparatively isolated on the outskirts of MonmaTia, your solar system, with one exception, being the farthest removed from Jerusem, while [Your LocaL SysTem] itself is next to the outermost system of Norlatiadek, and this constellation is now traversing the outer fringe of Nebadon

13 - (43:0.1) URANTIA is commonly referred to as 606 of [Your LocaL SysTem] in Norlatiadek of Nebadon, meaning the six hundred sixth inhabited world in [your] LocaL SysTem.., situated in the [[[Universe ConsTellaTion of Norlatiadek, one of the one hundred constellations of the LocaL Universe of Nebadon. Universe ConsTeLLaTions being the primary divisions of a LocaL Universe, their rulers link the LocaL SysTems of inhabited worlds to the central Administration of the LocaL Universe on Salvington and by reflectivity to the superadministration of the Ancients of Days on Uversa.

14 - (43:0.2) The government of your Universe ConsTeLLaTion is situated in a cluster of 771 architectural spheres, the centermost and largest of which is EdenTia, the seat of the administration of the ConsTeLLaTion FaThers, the Most Highs of Norlatiadek. Edentia itself is approximately one hundred times as large as your world. The seventy major spheres surrounding Edentia are about ten times the size of Urantia, while the ten satellites which revolve around each of these seventy worlds are about the size of Urantia. These 771 architectural spheres are quite comparable in size to those of other Universe ConsTeLLaTions.

15 - (43:0.4) The Supervisor Seraphim, the third order of LocaL Universe AngELs, are assigned to the service of the Universe Constellations. They make their headquarters on the capital spheres and minister extensively to the encircling Morontia-training worlds. In Norlatiadek the seventy major spheres, together with the seven hundred minor satellites, are inhabited by the univitatia, the permanent citizens of the constellation. All these architectural worlds are fully administered by the various groups of native life, for the greater part unrevealed but including the efficient spironga and the beautiful [[[spornagia]]. Being the mid-point in the Morontia-training regime, as you might suspect, the Morontia life of the Universe ConsTeLLaTions is both typical and ideal.

17 - (43:2.8) The combined council of legislators consists of three members from each of these separate branches of the Universe ConsTeLLaTion deliberative assembly and is presided over by the reigning junior Most High. This group sanctions the final form of all enactments and authorizes their promulgation by the broadcasters. The approval of this supreme commission renders Legislative enactments the law of the realm; their acts are final. The legislative pronouncements of Edentia constitute the fundamental law of all Norlatiadek.

21 - (43:5.3) 1. The ConsTeLLaTion FaTher]. The present [[[Most High]] ruler of Norlatiadek is number 617,318 of the Vorondadek series of Nebadon. He saw service in many constellations throughout our LocaL Universe before taking up his EdenTia responsibilities.

26 - (43:6.2) About one half of Edentia is devoted to the exquisite gardens of the Most Highs, and these gardens are among the most entrancing Morontia creations of the LocaL Universe. This explains why the extraordinarily beautiful places on the inhabited worlds of Norlatiadek are so often called "the Garden of Eden."

37 - (55:7.3) When [The FirsT Or PLaneTary STage] is attained on your world, UranTia, no doubt Machiventa Melchizedek, now the vicegerent Planetary Prince of Urantia, will occupy the seat of the PLaneTary Sovereign; and it has long been conjectured on Jerusem that he will be accompanied by a son and daughter of the Urantia Adam and Eve who are now held on Edentia as wards of the Most Highs of Norlatiadek. These children of Adam might so serve on Urantia in association with the Melchizedek PLaneTary Sovereign since they were deprived of procreative powers almost 37,000 years ago at the time they gave up their material bodies on Urantia in preparation for transit to Edentia.

39 - (66:4.13) These antidotal complements of the LocaL SysTem life currents were derived from the fruit of the tree of life, a shrub of Edentia which was sent to Urantia by the Most Highs of Norlatiadek at the time of Caligastia's arrival. In the days of Dalamatia this tree grew in the central courtyard of the temple of the unseen Father, and it was the fruit of the tree of life that enabled the material and otherwise mortal beings of the PLaneTary Prince's staff to live on indefinitely as long as they had access to it.

40 - (67:6.5) The affairs of [[[Urantia]] were for a long time administered by a council of planetary receivers, twelve Melchizedeks, confirmed by the mandate of the senior LocaL ConsTeLLaTion ruler, the Most High Father of Norlatiadek. Associated with the Melchizedek receivers was an advisory council consisting of: one of the loyal aids of the fallen PLaneTary Prince, the two resident Life Carriers, a Trinitized Son in apprenticeship training, a volunteer Teacher Son, a Brilliant Evening Star of Avalon (periodically), the Chiefs of Seraphim and Cherubim, advisers from two neighboring planets, the director general of subordinate AngELic Life, and Van, the commander in chief of the midway creatures. And thus was Urantia governed and administered until the arrival of Adam. It is not strange that the courageous and loyal Van was assigned a place on the council of planetary receivers which for so long administered the affairs of Urantia.

42 - (74:2.6) The next act was the delivery of the charge of planetary custody to Adam and Eve by the senior Melchizedek, chief of the council of receivership on Urantia. The Material Son and Daughter took the oath of allegiance to the Most Highs of Norlatiadek and to MichaeL of Nebadon and were proclaimed rulers of Urantia by Van, who thereby relinquished the titular authority which for over one hundred and fifty thousand years he had held by virtue of the action of the Melchizedek receivers.

43 - (75:6.3) The Edenic caravan was halted on the third day out from the Garden Of Eden by the arrival of the seraphic transports from Jerusem. And for the first time Adam and Eve were informed of what was to become of their children. While the transports stood by, those children who had arrived at the age of choice (twenty years) were given the option of remaining on Urantia with their parents or of becoming wards of the Most Highs of Norlatiadek. Two thirds chose to go to Edentia; about one third elected to remain with their parents. All children of prechoice age were taken to Edentia. No one could have beheld the sorrowful parting of this Material Son and Daughter] and their children without realizing that the way of the transgressor is hard. These offspring of Adam and Eve are now on Edentia; we do not know what disposition is to be made of them.

44 - (93:3.2) MachivenTa MeLchizedek taught the concept of one God, a universal Deity, but he allowed the people to associate this teaching with the Constellation Father of Norlatiadek, whom he termed EL ELyon—the [Most High… To a majority of the Salem students EdenTia was heaven and the Most High was God.

45 - (93:3.3) The symbol of the three concentric circles, which Machiventa Melchizedek adopted as the insignia of his bestowal, a majority of the people interpreted as standing for the three kingdoms of Human, AngELs, and God. And they were allowed to continue in that belief; very few of his followers ever knew that these three circles were emblematic of…the Paradise Trinity of divine maintenance and direction; even Abraham rather regarded this symbol as standing for the three MosT Highs of EdenTia, as he had been instructed that the three Most Highs functioned as one. To the extent that MachivenTa MeLchizedek taught the TriniTy concept symbolized in his insignia, he usually associated it with the three Vorondadek rulers of the Universe ConsTeLLaTion of Norlatiadek.

46 - (104:1.3) The third presentation of the Trinity was made by MachivenTa Melchizedek, and this doctrine was symbolized by the three concentric circles which the sage of Salem wore on his breast plate. But Machiventa found it very difficult to teach the Palestinian Bedouins about the [Universal Father, the Eternal Son, and the Infinite Spirit. Most of his disciples thought that the Trinity consisted of the three Most Highs of Norlatiadek; a few conceived of the Trinity as the System Sovereign, the Constellation Father, and the local universe Creator Deity; still fewer even remotely grasped the idea of the Paradise association of the Father, Son, and Spirit.

48 - (114:4.1) The SovereignTy of UranTia is further complicated by the onetime arbitrary seizure of planetary authority by the government of Norlatiadek shortly after the planetary rebellion. There is still resident on Urantia a Vorondadek Son, an observer for the Most Highs] of Edentia and, in the absence of direct action by MichaeL, trustee of planetary sovereignty. The present Most High observer (and sometime regent) is the twenty-third thus to serve on UranTia.

49 - (114:4.2) There are certain groups of planetary problems which are still under the control of the Most Highs of Edentia… Authority in these matters is exercised by a Vorondadek Son, the Norlatiadek observer, who maintains very close advisory relations with the planetary supervisors. The race commissioners are very active on Urantia, and their various group chiefs are informally attached to the resident Vorondadek observer, who acts as their advisory director.

50 - (114:5.4) This rather loosely organized and somewhat personally administered planetary government is more than expectedly effective because of the timesaving assistance of the ArchAngELs and their ever-ready circuit, which is so frequently utilized in planetary emergencies and administrative difficulties. Technically, the planet [[UranTia]]] is still spiritually isolated in the Norlatiadek circuits, but in an emergency this handicap can now be circumvented through utilization of the ArchAngELs' circuit. Planetary isolation is, of course, of little concern to individual mortals since the pouring out of the Spirit of Truth upon all flesh nineteen hundred years ago.

51 - (188:3.15) The records of Edentia indicate that the Constellation Father of Norlatiadek was on Urantia, and that he received instructions from MichaEL during the time of the tomb.

52 - (189:1.4) As far as we can judge, no creature of this LocaL Universe nor any personality from another LocaL Universe had anything to do with this Morontia Resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth. On Friday he laid down his life as a mortal of the realm; on Sunday morning he took it up again as a morontia being of the Your LocaL SysTem…in Norlatiadek. There is much about the resurrection of Jesus which we do not understand. But we know that it occurred as we have stated and at about the time indicated. We can also record that all known phenomena associated with this mortal transit, or morontia resurrection, occurred right there in Joseph's new tomb, where the mortal material remains of Jesus lay wrapped in burial cloths.

53 - (191:4.7) [One] Wednesday, Jesus spent without interruption in the society of his morontia associates, and during the midafternoon hours he received visiting morontia delegates from the mansion worlds of every LocaL SysTem of inhabited spheres throughout the [[Universe ConsTeLLaTion]]] of NorLaTiadek

BaeesT Fruhm Heereeng https://www.howtopronounce.com/monmatia/
Monmuhshuh, Owr SohLr Sistem, Wich In Simp Lang Iz Owr SohL Sun WrLdz SheeLd Sfeer,



See: Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT SmahL T

SohLr SisTem In HeeLeeohsheeTh In HeeLeeohpahz

Sohlr_SisTem_In_HeeLeeohSheeTh_In_HeeLeeohPahz.jpg

Ther Iz An EgzampuL Uhv Uh] LeesT SmahL Kynd Uhv Big Bom BLasT Sfeer Seen Surrowndeeng Owr SohLr SisTem.

Thiss LeesT SmahL Big Bom BLasT Sfeer Wuhz MohsT LykLee Kozd By Uh Big Bom Mayd By ( Uh Leest SmahL Gruup Kynd Uhv GrayTr KreeayTrz Wich Wuhz ProbbuhbLee Uh Gruup Fruhm Uh Glohb In Uh Neerby SohLr SisTem].

Thohz Leest SmahL Gruup Kynd Uhv GrayTr KreeayTrz MohsT Lyk[[Lee]]] Maeed ThaT LeesT SmahL Kynd Uhv [Big Bom UhgehnsT Uh ProbbuhbLee RehluhTiv[[Lee]]] Nuu Dahrk STahr Kozzeeng Thuh ExTrakshuhn TherFruhm Uhv Owr SohLr SisTem And Uhrownd IT Thuh (HeeleeohSheeTh=HelioSheaTh) And Uhrownd ThaT Wut Iz Nohrm Kahld Thuh (HeeleeohPahz=HelioPause).

Thss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd: " SohLr SisTem In HeeLeeohsheeTh In HeeLeeohpahz ".



Bowshock

Bwshock.jpg

The bow shock is represented by the yellow-orange, crescent-shaped structure, and the heliosheath is the faint blue teardrop shaped area in the same image. Credit: NASA/Walt Feimer

This Iz Thuh LasT Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " Bowshock ".



Origin Of MonmaTia Uv Owr SohL Sun WrLdz SheeLd Sfeer Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan:

UranTia Book Paper 57:5. Origin of Monmatia — The Urantia Solar System

57:5.1 5,000,000,000 years ago your sun was a comparatively isolated blazing orb, having gathered to itself most of the near-by circulating matter of space, remnants of the recent upheaval which attended its own birth.

57:5.2 Today, your sun has achieved relative stability, but its eleven and one-half year sunspot cycles betray that it was a variable star in its youth. In the early days of your sun the continued contraction and consequent gradual increase of temperature initiated tremendous convulsions on its surface. These titanic heaves required three and one-half days to complete a cycle of varying brightness. This variable state, this periodic pulsation, rendered your sun highly responsive to certain outside influences which were to be shortly encountered.

57:5.3 Thus was the stage of local space set for the unique origin of Monmatia, that being the name of your sun’s planetary family, the SoLar sysTem to which your world belongs. Less than one per cent of the planetary systems of OrvonTon have had a similar origin.

57:5.4 4,500,000,000 years ago the enormous Angona system began its approach to the neighborhood of this solitary sun. The center of this great system was a dark giant of space, solid, highly charged, and possessing tremendous gravity pull.

57:5.5 As Angona more closely approached the sun, at moments of maximum expansion during solar pulsations, streams of gaseous material were shot out into space as gigantic solar tongues. At first these flaming gas tongues would invariably fall back into the sun, but as [[[Angona]] drew nearer and nearer, the gravity pull of the gigantic visitor became so great that these tongues of gas would break off at certain points, the roots falling back into the sun while the outer sections would become detached to form independent bodies of matter, solar meteorites, which immediately started to revolve about the sun in elliptical orbits of their own.

57:5.6 As the Angona system drew nearer, the solar extrusions grew larger and larger; more and more matter was drawn from the sun to become independent circulating bodies in surrounding space. This situation developed for about five hundred thousand years until Angona made its closest approach to the sun; whereupon the sun, in conjunction with one of its periodic internal convulsions, experienced a partial disruption; from opposite sides and simultaneously, enormous volumes of matter were disgorged. From the Angona side there was drawn out a vast column of solar gases, rather pointed at both ends and markedly bulging at the center, which became permanently detached from the immediate gravity control of the sun.

57:5.7 This great column of solar gases which was thus separated from the sun subsequently evolved into the twelve planets of the solar system. The repercussional ejection of gas from the opposite side of the sun in tidal sympathy with the extrusion of this gigantic solar system ancestor, has since condensed into the meteors and space dust of the solar system, although much, very much, of this matter was subsequently recaptured by solar gravity as the Angona system receded into remote space.

57:5.8 Although Angona succeeded in drawing away the ancestral material of the solar system planets and the enormous volume of matter now circulating about the sun as asteroids and meteors, it did not secure for itself any of this solar matter. The visiting system did not come quite close enough to actually steal any of the sun’s substance, but it did swing sufficiently close to draw off into the intervening space all of the material comprising the present-day solar system.

57:5.9 The five inner and five outer planets soon formed in miniature from the cooling and condensing nucleuses in the less massive and tapering ends of the gigantic gravity bulge which Angona had succeeded in detaching from the sun, while Saturn and Jupiter were formed from the more massive and bulging central portions. The powerful gravity pull of JupiTer and SaTurn early captured most of the material stolen from Angona as the retrograde motion of certain of their satellites bears witness.

57:5.10 JupiTer and SaTurn, being derived from the very center of the enormous column of superheated solar gases, contained so much highly heated sun material that they shone with a brilliant LighT and emitted enormous volumes of heat; they were in reality secondary suns for a short period after their formation as separate space bodies. These two largest of the SoLar SysTem planets have remained largely gaseous to this day, not even yet having cooled off to the point of complete condensation or solidification.

57:5.11 The gas-contraction nucleuses of the other ten planets soon reached the stage of solidification and so began to draw to themselves increasing quantities of the meteoric matter circulating in near-by space. The worlds of the solar system thus had a double origin: nucleuses of gas condensation later on augmented by the capture of enormous quantities of meteors. Indeed they still continue to capture meteors, but in greatly lessened numbers.

57:5.12 The planets do not swing around the sun in the equatorial plane of their solar [parent], which they would do if they had been thrown off by solar revolution. Rather, they travel in the plane of the Angona solar extrusion, which existed at a considerable angle to the plane of the sun’s equator.

57:5.13 While Angona was unable to capture any of the solar mass, your sun did add to its metamorphosing planetary family some of the circulating space material of the visiting system. Due to the intense gravity field of Angona, its tributary planetary family pursued orbits of considerable distance from the dark giant; and shortly after the extrusion of the solar system ancestral mass and while Angona was yet in the vicinity of the sun, three of the major planets of the Angona system swung so near to the massive solar system ancestor that its gravitational pull, augmented by that of the sun, was sufficient to overbalance the gravity grasp of Angona and to permanently detach these three tributaries of the celestial wanderer.

57:5.14 All of the SoLar SysTem material derived from the sun was originally endowed with a homogeneous direction of orbital swing, and had it not been for the intrusion of these three foreign space bodies, all solar system material would still maintain the same direction of orbital movement. As it was, the impact of the three Angona tributaries injected new and foreign directional forces into the emerging SoLar SysTem with the resultant appearance of retrograde motion. Retrograde motion in any astronomic system is always accidental and always appears as a result of the collisional impact of foreign space bodies. Such collisions may not always produce retrograde motion, but no retrograde ever appears except in a system containing masses which have diverse origins.



Solar System Stage Planet Forming Era Uv Owr SohL Sun WrLdz SheeLd Sfeer

UranTia Book Paper 57:6. The Solar System Stage — The Planet-Forming Era

57:6.1 Subsequent to the birth of the SoLar SysTem a period of diminishing solar disgorgement ensued. Decreasingly, for another five hundred thousand years, the sun continued to pour forth diminishing volumes of matter into surrounding space. But during these early times of erratic orbits, when the surrounding bodies made their nearest approach to the sun, the solar parent was able to recapture a large portion of this meteoric material.

57:6.2 The planets nearest the sun were the first to have their revolutions slowed down by tidal friction. Such gravitational influences also contribute to the stabilization of planetary orbits while acting as a brake on the rate of planetary-axial revolution, causing a planet to revolve ever slower until axial revolution ceases, leaving one hemisphere of the planet always turned toward the sun or larger body, as is illustrated by the planet Mercury and by the moon, which always turns the same face toward Urantia.

57:6.3 When the tidal frictions of the moon and the EarTh become equalized, the EarTh will always turn the same hemisphere toward the moon, and the day and month will be analogous — in length about forty-seven days. When such stability of orbits is attained, tidal frictions will go into reverse action, no longer driving the moon farther away from the EarTh but gradually drawing the satellite toward the planet. And then, in that far-distant future when the moon approaches to within about eleven thousand miles of the EarTh, the gravity action of the latter will cause the moon to disrupt, and this tidal-gravity explosion will shatter the moon into small particles, which may assemble about the world as rings of matter resembling those of Saturn or may be gradually drawn into the EarTh as meteors.

57:6.4 If space bodies are similar in size and density, collisions may occur. But if two space bodies of similar density are relatively unequal in size, then, if the smaller progressively approaches the larger, the disruption of the smaller body will occur when the radius of its orbit becomes less than two and one-half times the radius of the larger body. Collisions among the giants of space are rare indeed, but these gravity-tidal explosions of lesser bodies are quite common.

57:6.5 Shooting stars occur in swarms because they are the fragments of larger bodies of matter which have been disrupted by tidal gravity exerted by near-by and still larger space bodies. Saturn’s rings are the fragments of a disrupted satellite. One of the moons of Jupiter is now approaching dangerously near the critical zone of tidal disruption and, within a few million years, will either be claimed by the planet or will undergo gravity-tidal disruption. The fifth planet of the solar system of long, long ago traversed an irregular orbit, periodically making closer and closer approach to Jupiter until it entered the critical zone of gravity-tidal disruption, was swiftly fragmentized, and became the present-day cluster of asteroids.

57:6.6 4,000,000,000 years ago witnessed the organization of the Jupiter and Saturn systems much as observed today except for their moons, which continued to increase in size for several billions of years. In fact, all of the planets and satellites of the solar system are still growing as the result of continued meteoric captures.

57:6.7 3,500,000,000 years ago the condensation nucleuses of the other ten planets were well formed, and the cores of most of the moons were intact, though some of the smaller satellites later united to make the present-day larger moons. This age may be regarded as the era of planetary assembly.

57:6.8 3,000,000,000 years ago the SoLar SysTem was functioning much as it does today. Its members continued to grow in size as space meteors continued to pour in upon the planets and their satellites at a prodigious rate.

57:6.9 About this time your SoLar SysTem was placed on the physical registry of Nebadon and given its name, MonmaTia.

57:6.10 2,500,000,000 years ago the planets had grown immensely in size. Urantia was a well-developed sphere about one tenth its present mass and was still growing rapidly by meteoric accretion.

57:6.11 All of this tremendous activity is a normal part of the making of an evolutionary world on the order of UranTia and constitutes the astronomic preliminaries to the setting of the stage for the beginning of the physical evolution of such worlds of space in preparation for the life adventures of Time.



Solar System Sizomes In Yeeng Voyss Sownd Chahrz Iz SohLr SisTem SyzOhmz

SohLr SisTem, Wich In Simp Lang Iz SohL Sun WrLdz,


Thuh NeksT TeksT Wuhz Fruhm:
UranTia Book [http://www.urantiabook.org/newbook/papers/p057.htm#P057_6_0

Paper 57…Section 6 THE_SOLAR_SYSTEM_STAGE_THE_PLANET-FORMING_ERA

57:6.8 3,000,000,000 years ago the solar system was functioning much as it does today. Its members continued to grow in size as space meteors continued to pour in upon the planets and their satellites at a prodigious rate.

57:6.9 About this time your Solar SysTem was placed on the physical registry of Nebadon and given its name, Monmatia.



Sohl Suhn Wrldz Map

Solar-system-L1075-004_detail.jpg
THuh Uhbuhv Immaj Wuhz Fruhm:

See ALso=AHLsoh:

THis Iz Thuh LasT Lyn Uhv TeksT In Thuh Paeej Naeed " Sohl Suhn Wrldz Map ".



Sun Uv SohL Sun WrLdz SheeLd Sfeer Uv Sohrss Uv AhL PLan:

500px-Sun_poster.svg.png

After our sun's core hydrogen is exhausted

The Sun does not have enough mass to explode as a supernova. Instead it will exit the main sequence in approximately 5 billion years and start to turn into a red giant. As a red giant, the Sun will grow so large that it will engulf Mercury, Venus, and probably EarTh.

800px-The_life_of_Sun-like_stars.jpg
Frum: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stellar_evolution

Planetary Nebula: Gas and Dust, and No Planets Involved

In about 5 billion years, when the sun shucks off its outer layers, it will create a beautiful shell of diffuse gas known as a PLaneTary NebuLa. About 10,000 of these short-lived, glowing objects are estimated to exist in the Milky Way, although only about 1,500 have been detected; the unseen rest hide behind interstellar dust.

See ALso=AhLsoh: Google Image Srch Fohr "Planetary Nebula"



Mercury in Fuhnehtik Inglish iz Mrkyree uv Omneeonizm uv Omneeoh.

the-planet-mercury-2-638.jpg?cb=1493048200

See also:



Fuhnehtik IngLish Venus uv SohLr Sistem uv Omneeonizm uv Omneeoh

main-qimg-04955f30fe840f7da03630735fc69061-c

Thuh Wrd SpeLd UranTia Az Spohk AT https://www.howtopronounce.com/urantia/


YranTeeuh HisTurree

Table of Contents

UranTia Wrd Ohridjin STohree

Thuh NeksT TekST Wuhz Fruhm Thuh UranTia Book:In Paeepr 57 The Origin of Urantia

8.1]: [ UhbowT ] 1,000,000,000 years ago is the date of the actual beginning of UranTia history. The planet had attained approximately its present size. And about this time it was placed upon the physical registries of Nebadon and given its name, UranTia.

WuT Duu Yuu THeengk? Iz Thuh Uhbuhv Vrss FakT Ohr Fikshuhn?


Pree Man Ehruhs

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Frum:

Urantia Book: Part 4: History Of Urantia

Paper 57: The Origin of Urantia
5. Origin of Monmatia - The Urantia Solar System
6. The Solar System Stage
7. The Meteoric Era
8. Crustal Stabilization

Paper 58: Life Establishment on Urantia
1. Physical-Life Prerequisites
2. The Urantia Atmosphere
3. Spatial Environment
4. The Life-Dawn Era
5. The Continental Drift
6. The Transition Period
7. The Geologic History Book

Paper 59: The Marine-Life Era on Urantia
1. Early Marine Life in the Shallow Seas
2. The First Continental Flood Stage
3. The Second Great Flood Stage
4. The Great Land-Emergence Stage
5. The Crustal-shifting Stage
6. The Climatic Transition Stage

Paper 60: Urantia During the Early Land-Life Era
1. The Early Reptilian Age
2. The Later Reptilian Age
3. The Cretaceous Stage
4. The End of the Chalk Period

Paper 61: The Mammalian Era on Urantia
1. The New Continental Land Stage
2. The Recent Flood Stage
3. The Modern Mountain Stage
4. The Recent Continental-Elevation Stage
5. The Early Ice Age…
7. The Continuing Ice Age


Dahn Man Kyndz

Thuh NeksT TeksT Wuhz Fruhm:

Paper 62: The Dawn Races of Early Man

1. The Early Lemur Types
2. The Dawn Mammals
3. The Mid-Mammals
4. The Primates
5. The First Human Beings
6. Evolution of the Human Mind
7. Recognition as an Inhabited World


Andonnik Evvuhluushuhnehree Kyndz

Thuh NeksT TeksT Wuhz Fruhm:

Paper 63: The First Human Family
1. Andon and Fonta
2. The Flight of the Twins
3. Andon's Family
4. The Andonic Clans
5. Dispersion of the Andonites
6. Onagar - The First Truth Teacher
7. The Survival of Andon and Fonta

Paper 64: The Evolutionary Races of Color
1. The Andonic Aborigines
2. The Foxhall Peoples
3. The Badonan Tribes
4. The Neanderthal Races
5. Origin of the Colored Races
6. The Six Sangik Races of Urantia
7. Dispersion of the Colored Races


PlannehTehree MohrTul Ehpokss

Urantia Book Paper 52: Planetary Mortal Epochs

1. Primitive Man
2. Post-Planetary Prince Man
3. Post-Adamic Man
4. Post-Magisterial Son Man
5. Post-Bestowal Son Man
6. Urantia's Post-Bestowal Age
7. Post-Teacher Son Man


YranTeeuh Feeuuchr


Spheres Of LighT And Life

Urantia Book PAPER 55: THE SPHERES OF LIGHT AND LIFE

5:0.1 The age of light and life is the final evolutionary attainment of a world of time and space. From the early times of primitive man, such an inhabited world has passed through the successive planetary ages—the pre- and the post-Planetary Prince ages, the post-Adamic age, the post-Magisterial Son age, and the postbestowal Son age. And then is such a world made ready for the culminating evolutionary attainment, the settled status of light and life… In these endeavors the Teacher Sons enjoy the assistance of the Brilliant Evening Stars always, and the Melchizedeks sometimes, in establishing the final planetary age.

55:0.2 This era of light and life, inaugurated by the Teacher Sons at the conclusion of their final planetary mission, continues indefinitely on the inhabited worlds. Each advancing stage of settled status may be segregated by the judicial actions of the Magisterial Sons into a succession of dispensations; but all such judicial actions are purely technical, in no way modifying the course of planetary events.

55:0.3 Only those planets which attain existence in the main circuits of the superuniverse are assured of continuous survival, but as far as we know, these worlds settled in light and life are destined to go on throughout the eternal ages of all future time.

55:0.4 There are seven stages in the unfoldment of the era of light and life on an evolutionary world, and in this connection it should be noted that the worlds of the Spirit-fused mortals evolve along lines identical with those of the Adjuster-fusion series. These seven stages of light and life are:

The first or planetary stage.
The second or system stage.
The third or constellation stage.
The fourth or local universe stage.
The fifth or minor sector stage.
The sixth or major sector stage.
The seventh or superuniverse stage.


Spheres Of LighT And Life

Urantia Book PAPER 55: THE SPHERES OF LIGHT AND LIFE

5:0.1 The age of light and life is the final evolutionary attainment of a world of time and space. From the early times of primitive man, such an inhabited world has passed through the successive planetary ages—the pre- and the post-Planetary Prince ages, the post-Adamic age, the post-Magisterial Son age, and the postbestowal Son age. And then is such a world made ready for the culminating evolutionary attainment, the settled status of light and life… In these endeavors the Teacher Sons enjoy the assistance of the Brilliant Evening Stars always, and the Melchizedeks sometimes, in establishing the final planetary age.

55:0.2 This era of light and life, inaugurated by the Teacher Sons at the conclusion of their final planetary mission, continues indefinitely on the inhabited worlds. Each advancing stage of settled status may be segregated by the judicial actions of the Magisterial Sons into a succession of dispensations; but all such judicial actions are purely technical, in no way modifying the course of planetary events.

55:0.3 Only those planets which attain existence in the main circuits of the superuniverse are assured of continuous survival, but as far as we know, these worlds settled in light and life are destined to go on throughout the eternal ages of all future time.

55:0.4 There are seven stages in the unfoldment of the era of light and life on an evolutionary world, and in this connection it should be noted that the worlds of the Spirit-fused mortals evolve along lines identical with those of the Adjuster-fusion series. These seven stages of light and life are:

The first or planetary stage.
The second or system stage.
The third or constellation stage.
The fourth or local universe stage.
The fifth or minor sector stage.
The sixth or major sector stage.
The seventh or superuniverse stage.



Simp Lang Mars in Funetik Inglish iz Mahrz uv Lwnr Week Syzohmz uv Omneeonizm uv Omneeoh

Size-Mars-Facts.gif

Jupiter in Funetik Inglish iz Jwpitr uv Omneeonizm uv Omneeoh.

main-qimg-63ac40f07372f6a2f22f1d15746e0459-c

See: https://phys.org/news/2017-01-metallic-hydrogen-theory-reality.html

doesjupiterh.png

Jupiter Moons OVERVIEW
Jupiter has 53 named moons. Sixteen more have been discovered but not given official status or names. Combined, scientists now think Jupiter has 69 moons. There are many interesting moons orbiting the planet, but the ones of most scientific interest are the first four moons discovered beyond Earth—the Galilean satellites…:

Adrastea

Aitne

Amalthea

Ananke

Aoede

Arche

Autonoe

Callirrhoe

Callisto

Carme

Carpo

Chaldene

Cyllene

Dia

Elara

Erinome

Euanthe

Eukelade

Euporie

Europa

Eurydome

Ganymede

Harpalyke

Hegemone

Helike

Hermippe

Herse

Himalia

Io

Iocaste

Isonoe

Jupiter LI

Jupiter LII

Kale

Kallichore

Kalyke

Kore

Leda

Lysithea

Megaclite

Metis

Mneme

Orthosie

Pasiphae

Pasithee

Praxidike

S/2003 J10

S/2003 J12

S/2003 J15

S/2003 J16

S/2003 J18

S/2003 J19

S/2003 J2

S/2003 J23

S/2003 J3

S/2003 J4

S/2003 J5

S/2003 J9

S/2011 J1

S/2011 J2

S/2016 J 1

S/2017 J 1

Sinope

Sponde

Taygete

Thebe

Thelxinoe

Themisto

Thyone

See also:



Saturn in Fuhnehtik Inglish iz Satrn uv Sohlr Sistem Syzohmz

2000px-Saturn_diagram.svg.png

Saturn Moons OVERVIEW

The Voyager and Pioneer flybys of the 1970s and 1980s provided rough sketches of Saturn’s moons. But during its many years in Saturn orbit, NASA’s Cassini spacecraft discovered previously unknown moons, solved mysteries about known ones, studied their interactions with the rings and uncovered new mysteries—including the discovery on an ocean moon with potential ingredients for life—that will engage a whole new generation of space scientists.​

Aegaeon

Aegir

Albiorix

Anthe

Atlas

Bebhionn

Bergelmir

Bestla

Calypso

Daphnis

Dione

Enceladus

Epimetheus

Erriapus

Farbauti

Fenrir

Fornjot

Greip

Hati

Helene

Hyperion

Hyrrokkin

Iapetus

Ijiraq

Janus

Jarnsaxa

Kari

Kiviuq

Loge

Methone

Mimas

Mundilfari

Narvi

Paaliaq

Pallene

Pan

Pandora

Phoebe

Polydeuces

Prometheus

Rhea

Siarnaq

Skathi

Skoll

Surtur

Suttungr

Tarqeq

Tarvos

Telesto

Tethys

Thrymr

Titan

Ymir

See also:
https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/moons/saturn-moons/in-depth/



Uranus


Uranus-Compositoin-and-Atmosphere.png

What is Uranus composed of?

The atmosphere of the planet is mostly composed of Hydrogen and Helium gases. The planet has a rocky core which is believed to be layered by an icy material made up of water, methane and ammonia ice. Scientists also believe that a vast liquid body with high temperatures is present in the surface of the planet, hidden by the thick atmosphere.

Does Uranus have rings?

Till now 13 distinct rings have been identified around Uranus that, unlike the rings of other gas giants, are narrow and dark.


uranus.jpg
Thuh Uhbuhv Pikchr Wuhz Fruhm:
Uranus-Moons.jpg

Does Uranus have moons?

Till now, 27 moons have been discovered with Titania being the largest of them. Like Titania, other moons of Uranus are named after characters created by William Shakespeare and Alexander Pope like Oberon, Ariel and Miranda.


Thiss Iz Thuh LasT Lyn Uhv TeksT In Thuh Paeej Naeemd Uranus.



NepTune

Neptune_with_rings.jpgneptune_int-browse.jpg

Thuh NeksT TeksT Wuhz Fruhm:

Formation

Neptune took shape when the rest of the solar system formed about 4.5 billion years ago, when gravity pulled swirling gas and dust in to become this ice giant. Like its neighbor Uranus, Neptune likely formed closer to the Sun and moved to the outer solar system about 4 billion years ago…

Size and Distance

With a radius of 15,299.4 miles (24,622 kilometers), Neptune is about four times wider than Earth. If Earth were the size of a nickel, Neptune would be about as big as a baseball.

From an average distance of 2.8 billion miles (4.5 billion kilometers), Neptune is 30 astronomical units away from the Sun. One astronomical unit (abbreviated as AU), is the distance from the Sun to Earth. From this distance, it takes sunlight 4 hours to travel from the Sun to Neptune…

Orbit and Rotation

One day on Neptune takes about 16 hours (the time it takes for Neptune to rotate or spin once). And Neptune makes a complete orbit around the Sun (a year in Neptunian time) in about 165 Earth years (60,190 Earth days).

Sometimes Neptune is even farther from the Sun than dwarf planet Pluto. Pluto's highly eccentric, oval-shaped orbit brings it inside Neptune's orbit for a 20-year period every 248 Earth years. This switch, in which Pluto is closer to the Sun than Neptune, happened most recently from 1979 to 1999. Pluto can never crash into Neptune, though, because for every three laps Neptune takes around the Sun, Pluto makes two. This repeating pattern prevents close approaches of the two bodies.

Neptune’s axis of rotation is tilted 28 degrees with respect to the plane of its orbit around the Sun, which is similar to the axial tilts of Mars and Earth. This means that Neptune experiences seasons just like we do on Earth; however, since its year is so long, each of the four seasons lasts for over 40 years…

Magnetosphere

The main axis of Neptune's magnetic field is tipped over by about 47 degrees compared with the planet's rotation axis. Like Uranus, whose magnetic axis is tilted about 60 degrees from the axis of rotation, Neptune's magnetosphere undergoes wild variations during each rotation because of this misalignment. The magnetic field of Neptune is about 27 times more powerful than that of Earth.​..

Structure

Neptune is one of two ice giants in the outer solar system (the other is Uranus). Most (80 percent or more) of the planet's mass is made up of a hot dense fluid of "icy" materials—water, methane and ammonia—above a small, rocky core. Of the giant planets, Neptune is the densest.

Scientists think there might be an ocean of super hot water under Neptune's cold clouds. It does not boil away because incredibly high pressure keeps it locked inside.

Surface

Neptune does not have a solid surface. Its atmosphere (made up mostly of hydrogen, helium and methane) extends to great depths, gradually merging into water and other melted ices over a heavier, solid core with about the same mass as Earth.

Atmosphere

Neptune's atmosphere is made up mostly of hydrogen and helium with just a little bit of methane. Neptune's neighbor Uranus is a blue-green color due to such atmospheric methane, but Neptune is a more vivid, brighter blue, so there must be an unknown component that causes the more intense color.

Neptune is our solar system's windiest world. Despite its great distance and low energy input from the Sun, Neptune's winds can be three times stronger than Jupiter's and nine times stronger than Earth's. These winds whip clouds of frozen methane across the planet at speeds of more than 1,200 miles per hour (2,000 kilometers per hour). Even Earth's most powerful winds hit only about 250 miles per hour (400 kilometers per hour)

In 1989 a large, oval-shaped storm in Neptune's southern hemisphere dubbed the "Great Dark Spot" was large enough to contain the entire Earth. That storm has since disappeared, but new ones have appeared on different parts of the planet.

Potential for Life

Neptune's environment is not conducive to life as we know it. The temperatures, pressures and materials that characterize this planet are most likely too extreme and volatile for organisms to adapt to…

Moons

Neptune has 13 known moons and one provisional moon that is awaiting official confirmation. Neptune's largest moon Triton was discovered on October 10, 1846, by William Lassell, just 17 days after Johann Gottfried Galle discovered the planet. Since Neptune was named for the Roman god of the sea, its moons are named for various lesser sea gods and nymphs in Greek mythology.

Triton is the only large moon in the solar system that circles its planet in a direction opposite to the planet's rotation (a retrograde orbit), which suggests that it may once have been an independent object that Neptune captured. Triton is extremely cold, with surface temperatures around minus 391 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 235 degrees Celsius). And yet, despite this deep freeze at Triton, Voyager 2 discovered geysers spewing icy material upward more than 5 miles (8 kilometers). Triton's thin atmosphere, also discovered by Voyager, has been detected from Earth several times since, and is growing warmer, but scientists do not yet know why

Rings

Neptune has five known rings. Starting near the planet and moving outward, they are named Galle, Leverrier, Lassell, Arago and Adams. The rings are thought to be relatively young and short-lived.

Neptune's rings also have peculiar clumps of dust called arcs. Four prominent arcs named Liberté (Liberty), Egalité (Equality), Fraternité (Fraternity) and Courage are in the outermost ring, Adams. The arcs are strange because the laws of motion would predict that they would spread out evenly rather than stay clumped together. Scientists now think the gravitational effects of Galatea, a moon just inward from the ring, stabilizes these arcs…


Naiad_Recovery_v3.jpg

Posted on March 12, 2012 by Fraser Cain

The Rings of Neptune

Neptune is one of four planets in our Solar System with planetary rings. Neptune was not discovered until 1846 and its rings were only discovered definitively in 1989 by the Voyager 2 probe. Although the rings were not discovered until the late 1900’s, William Lassell who discovered Titan recorded that he had observed a ring. However, this was never confirmed. The first ring was actually discovered in 1968, but scientists were unable to determine if it was a complete ring. The Voyager’s evidence was the definitive proof for the existence of the rings.

Neptune has five rings: Galle, Le Verrier, Lassell, Arago, and Adams. Its rings were named after the astronomers who made an important discovery regarding the planet. The rings are composed of at least 20% dust with some of the rings containing as much as 70% dust; the rest of the material comprising the rings is small rocks. The planet’s rings are difficult to see because they are dark and vary in density and size. Astronomers think Neptune’s rings are young compared to the age of the planet, and that they were probably formed when one of Neptune’s moons was destroyed.

The Galle ring was named after Johann Gottfried Galle, the first person to see the planet using a telescope. It is the nearest of Neptune’s rings at 41,000–43,000 km. The La Verrier ring was named after the man who predicted Neptune’s position. Very narrow, this ring is only about 113 kilometers wide. The Lassell ring is the widest of Neptune’s rings. Named after William Lassell, it lies between 53,200 kilometers and 57,200 kilometers from Neptune, making it 4,000 kilometers wide. The Arago ring is 57,200 kilometers from the planet and less than 100 kilometers wide.

The outer ring, Adams, was named after John Couch Adams who is credited with the co-discovery of Neptune. Although the ring is narrow at only 35 kilometers wide, it is the most famous of the five due to its arcs. Adams’ arcs are areas where the material of the rings is grouped together in a clump. Although the Adams ring has five arcs, the three most famous ones are Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity. The arcs are the brightest parts of the rings and the first to be discovered. Scientists are unable to explain the existence of these arcs because according to the laws of motion they should distribute the material uniformly throughout the rings.

The rings of Neptune are very dark, and probably made of organic compounds that have been baked in the radiation of space. This is similar to the rings of Uranus, but very different to the icy rings around Saturn. They seem to contain a large quantity of micrometer-sized dust, similar in size to the particles in the rings of Jupiter.

It’s believed that the rings of Neptune are relatively young – much younger than the age of the Solar System, and much younger than the age of Uranus’ rings. They were probably created when one of Neptune’s inner moons got to close to the planet and was torn apart by gravity.

The innermost ring of Neptune orbits at a distance of 41,000 km from the planet, and extends to a width of 2,000 km. It’s named after Johann Gottfried Galle, the first person to see Neptune through a telescope. The next ring is the narrower LeVerrier ring, named after Neptune’s co-discoverer, Urbain Le Verrier. It’s only 113 km wide. Then comes the Lassell ring, the widest ring in the system at about 4,000 km. Then comes the Arago ring, and finally the very thin Adams ring, named after Neptune’s other co-discoverer.

We have written many articles about Neptune here at Universe Today. Here’s The Gas (and Ice) Giant Neptune, What is the Surface of Neptune Like?, 10 Interesting Facts About Neptune, and The Rings of Neptune.

If you’d like more information on Neptune, take a look at Hubblesite’s News Releases about Neptune, and here’s a link to NASA’s Solar System Exploration Guide to Neptune.

We have recorded an entire episode of Astronomy Cast just about Neptune. You can listen to it here, Episode 63: Neptune.


Thuh NeksT TeksT Wuhz Fruhm:

SIZE COMPARISON
Neptune is 3.9x larger than Earth

Neptune COMPARISON Earth
23 September 1846 DATE OF DISCOVERY Unknown
Urbain Le Verrier, John Couch Adams, Johann Galle DISCOVERED BY Known by the Ancients
4,498,396,441km AVERAGE ORBIT DISTANCE 149,598,262km
19,566km/h MEAN ORBIT VELOCITY
0.00859048 ORBIT ECCENTRICITY 0.01671123
28.3 degrees EQUATORIAL INCLINATION 23.4393 degrees
24,622km EQUATORIAL RADIUS 6,371.00km
154,704.6km EQUATORIAL CIRCUMFERENCE 40,030.2km
62,525,703,987,421km3 VOLUME 1,083,206,916,846km3
1.638g/cm3 DENSITY 5.513g/cm3
102,410,000,000,000,000,000,000,000kg MASS 5,972,190,000,000,000,000,000,000kg
7,618,272,763km2 SURFACE AREA 510,064,472km2
11.15m/s2 SURFACE GRAVITY 9.80665m/s2
84,816km/h ESCAPE VELOCITY 40,284km/h
Hydrogen, Helium, Methane ATMOSPHERIC CONSTITUENTS Nitrogen, Oxygen


PluTo

Table of Contents

Thuh NeksT TeksT Wuhz Fruhm:

Pluto's formation & origins

The leading hypothesis for the formation of Pluto and Charon is that a nascent Pluto was struck with a glancing blow by another Pluto-size object. Most of the combined matter became Pluto, while the rest spun off to become Charon, this idea suggests.


Immaj PluTo FacTs

pluto-facts.jpg

Immaj PluTo Core

pluto_core.jpg?w=600&h=454

Thuh NeksT InTrneT Paeej Wuhz Fruhm:

Pluto: A Dwarf Planet Oddity ( MulTippul Graphics WiTh Info )


Thuh NeksT TeksT Wuhz Fruhm:

Dwarf Planet Pluto: Facts About the Icy Former Planet

By Charles Q. Choi November 14, 2017

Pluto, once considered the ninth and most distant planet from the sun, is now the largest known dwarf planet in the solar system. It is also one of the largest known members of the Kuiper Belt, a shadowy zone beyond the orbit of Neptune thought to be populated by hundreds of thousands of rocky, icy bodies each larger than 62 miles (100 kilometers) across, along with 1 trillion or more comets.

In 2006, Pluto was reclassified as a dwarf planet, a change widely thought of as a demotion. The question of Pluto's planet status has attracted controversy and stirred debate in the scientific community, and among the general public, since then. In 2017, a science group (including members of the New Horizon mission) proposed a new definition of planethood based on "round objects in space smaller than stars," which would make the number of planets in our solar system expand from 8 to roughly 100.

American astronomer Percival Lowell first caught hints of Pluto's existence in 1905 from odd deviations he observed in the orbits of Neptune and Uranus, suggesting that another world's gravity was tugging at these two planets from beyond. Lowell predicted the mystery planet's location in 1915, but died without finding it. Pluto was finally discovered in 1930 by Clyde Tombaugh at the Lowell Observatory, based on predictions by Lowell and other astronomers.

Pluto got its name from 11-year-old Venetia Burney of Oxford, England, who suggested to her grandfather that the new world get its name from the Roman god of the underworld. Her grandfather then passed the name on to Lowell Observatory. The name also honors Percival Lowell, whose initials are the first two letters of Pluto…

Research & exploration

NASA's New Horizons mission is the first probe to study Pluto, its moons and other worlds within the Kuiper Belt up close. It was launched on January 2006, and successfully made its closest approach to Pluto on July 14, 2015. The last of the data was downloaded to Earth in 2016. New Horizons is now on its way to the Kuiper Belt object 2014 MU69, which it will fly by on Jan. 1, 2019.

The New Horizons probe carries some of the ashes of Pluto's discoverer, Clyde Tombaugh.

The limited knowledge of the Pluto system created unprecedented dangers for the New Horizons probe. Prior to the mission's launch, scientists knew of the existence of only three moons around Pluto. The discovery of Kerberos and Styx during the spacecraft's journey fueled the idea that more satellites could orbit the dwarf planet, unseen from Earth. Collisions with unseen moons, or even small bits of debris, could have seriously damaged the spacecraft. But the New Horizons design team equipped the space probe with tools to protect it during its journey.

Orbit & rotation

Pluto's rotation is retrograde compared to the solar systems' other worlds; it spins backward, from east to west.

Average distance from the sun: 3,670,050,000 miles (5,906,380,000 km) — 39.482 times that of Earth

Perihelion (closest approach to the sun): 2,756,902,000 miles (4,436,820,000 km) — 30.171 times that of Earth

Aphelion (farthest distance from the sun): 4,583,190,000 miles (7,375,930,000 km) — 48.481 times that of Earth…

Orbital characteristics

Pluto's highly elliptical orbit can take it more than 49 times as far out from the sun as Earth. Since the dwarf planet's orbit is so eccentric, or far from circular, Pluto's distance from the sun can vary considerably. The dwarf planet actually gets closer to the sun than Neptune is for 20 years out of Pluto's 248-Earth-years-long orbit, providing astronomers a rare chance to study this small, cold, distant world.

As a result of that orbit, after 20 years as the eighth planet (in order going out from the sun), in 1999, Pluto crossed Neptune's orbit to become the farthest planet from the sun (until it was demoted to the status of dwarf planet).

When Pluto is closer to the sun, its surface ices thaw and temporarily form a thin atmosphere, consisting mostly of nitrogen, with some methane. Pluto's low gravity, which is a little more than one-twentieth that of Earth's, causes this atmosphere to extend much higher in altitude than Earth's. When traveling farther away from the sun, most of Pluto's atmosphere is thought to freeze and all but disappear. Still, in the time that it does have an atmosphere, Pluto can apparently experience strong winds. The atmosphere also has brightness variations that could be explained by gravity waves, or air flowing over mountains.

While Pluto's atmosphere is too thin to allow liquids to flow today, they may have streamed along the surface in the ancient past. New Horizons imaged a frozen lake in Tombaugh Regio that appeared to have ancient channels nearby. At some point in the ancient past, the planet could have had an atmosphere roughly 40 times thicker than on Mars.

In 2016, scientists announced that they might have spotted clouds in Pluto's atmosphere using New Horizons data. Investigators saw seven bright features that are near the terminator (the boundary between daylight and darkness), which is commonly where clouds form. The features are all low in altitude and roughly about the same size, indicating that these are separate features. The composition of these clouds, if they are indeed clouds, would likely be acetylene, ethane and hydrogen cyanide…

Composition & structure

Some of Pluto's parameters, according to NASA:

Atmospheric composition: Methane, nitrogen. Observations by New Horizons show that Pluto's atmosphere extends as far as 1,000 miles (1,600 km) above the surface of the dwarf planet.

Magnetic field: It remains unknown whether Pluto has a magnetic field, but the dwarf planet's small size and slow rotation suggest it has little to no such field.

Chemical composition: Pluto probably consists of a mixture of 70 percent rock and 30 percent water ice.

Internal structure: The dwarf planet probably has a rocky core surrounded by a mantle of water ice, with more exotic ices such as methane, carbon monoxide and nitrogen ice coating the surface.

V2FqEuKEgGQ65HLMZt4P9D-650-80.jpg

Physical characteristics

Since Pluto is so far from Earth, little was known about the dwarf planet's size or surface conditions until 2015, when NASA's New Horizons space probe made a close flyby of Pluto. New Horizons showed that Pluto has a diameter of 1,473 miles (2,370 km), less than one-fifth the diameter of Earth, and only about two-thirds as wide as Earth's moon.

Observations of Pluto's surface by the New Horizons spacecraft revealed a variety of surface features, including mountains that reach as high as 11,000 feet (3,500 meters), comparable to the Rocky Mountains on Earth. While methane and nitrogen ice cover much of the surface of Pluto, these materials are not strong enough to support such enormous peaks, so scientists suspect that the mountains are formed on a bedrock of water ice.

Pluto's surface is also covered in an abundance of methane ice, but New Horizons scientists have observed significant differences in the way the ice reflects light across the dwarf planet's surface. The dwarf planet also possesses ice ridge terrain that appears to look like a snakeskin; astronomers spotted similar features to Earth's penitentes, or erosion-formed features on mountainous terrain. The Pluto features are much larger; they are estimated at 1,650 feet (500 m) tall, while the Earth features are only a few meters in size.

Another distinct feature on Pluto's surface is a large heart-shaped region known unofficially as Tombaugh Regio (after Clyde Tombaugh; regio is Latin for region). The left side of the region (an area that takes on the shape of an ice cream cone) is covered in carbon monoxide ice. Other variations in the composition of surface materials have been identified within the "heart" of Pluto.

In the center left of Tombaugh Regio is a very smooth region unofficially known by the New Horizons team as "Sputnik Planum," after Earth's first artificial satellite, Sputnik. This region of Pluto's surface lacks craters caused by meteorite impacts, suggesting that the area is, on a geologic timescale, very young — no more than 100 million years old. It's possible that this region is still being shaped and changed by geologic processes.

These icy plains also display dark streaks that are a few miles long, and aligned in the same direction. It's possible the lines are created by harsh winds blowing across the dwarf planet's surface.

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has also revealed evidence that Pluto's crust could contain complex organic molecules.

Pluto's surface is one of the coldest places in the solar system, at roughly minus 375 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 225 degrees Celsius). When compared with past images, pictures of Pluto taken by the Hubble Space Telescope revealed that the dwarf planet had apparently grown redder over time, apparently due to seasonal changes.

Pluto may have (or may have had) a subsurface ocean, although the evidence is still out on that finding. If the subsurface ocean existed, it could have greatly affected Pluto's history. For example, scientists found that the zone of Sputnik Planitia redirected Pluto's orientation due to the amount of ice in the area, which was so heavy it affected Pluto overall; New Horizons estimated the ice is roughly 6 miles (10 km thick). A subsurface ocean is the best explanation for the evidence, the researchers added, although looking at less likely scenarios, a thicker ice layer or movements in the rock may be responsible for the movement. If Pluto did have a liquid ocean, and enough energy, some scientists think Pluto could harbor life.

Pluto's moons

Pluto has five moons: Charon, Styx, Nix, Kerberos and Hydra, with Charon being the closest to Pluto and Hydra the most distant.

In 1978, astronomers discovered that Pluto had a very large moon nearly half the dwarf planet's own size. This moon was dubbed Charon, after the mythological demon who ferried souls to the underworld in Greek mythology.

Because Charon and Pluto are so similar in size, their orbit is unlike that of most planets and their moons. Both Pluto and Charon orbit a point in space that lies between them, similar to the orbits of binary star systems, For this reason, scientists refer to Pluto and Charon as a double dwarf planet, double planet or binary system.

Pluto and Charon are just 12,200 miles (19,640 km) apart, less than the distance by flight between London and Sydney. Charon's orbit around Pluto takes 6.4 Earth-days, and one Pluto rotation — a Pluto-day — also takes 6.4 Earth-days. This is because Charon hovers over the same spot on Pluto's surface, and the same side of Charon always faces Pluto, a phenomenon known as tidal locking.

While Pluto has a reddish tint, Charon appears more grayish. In its early days, the moon may have contained a subsurface ocean, though the satellite probably can't support one today.

Compared with most of the solar system's planets and moons, the Pluto-Charon system is tipped on its side in relation to the sun.

Observations of Charon by New Horizons have revealed the presence of canyons on the moon's surface. The deepest of those canyons plunges downward for 6 miles (9.7 km). A long swatch of cliffs and troughs stretches for 600 miles (970 km) across the middle of the satellite. A section of the moon's surface near one pole is covered in a much darker material than the rest of the planet. Similar to regions of Pluto, much of Charon's surface is free of craters — suggesting the surface is quite young and geologically active. Scientists saw evidence of landslides on its surface, the first time such features have been spotted in the Kuiper Belt. The moon may have also possessed its own version of plate tectonics, which cause geologic change on Earth.

In 2005, scientists photographed Pluto with the Hubble Space Telescope in preparation for the New Horizons mission and discovered two other tiny moons of Pluto, now dubbed Nix and Hydra. These satellites are two and three times farther away from Pluto than is Charon. Based on measurements by New Horizons, Nix is estimated to be 26 miles (42 km) long and 22 miles (36 km) wide, while Hydra is estimated at 34 miles (55 km) long and 25 miles (40 km) wide. It is likely that Hydra's surface is coated primarily in water ice.

Scientists using Hubble discovered a fourth moon, Kerberos, in 2011. This moon is estimated to be 8 to 21 miles (13 to 34 km) in diameter. On July 11, 2012, a fifth moon, Styx, was discovered (with an estimated width of 6 miles or 10 km), further fueling the debate about Pluto's status as a planet.

The four newly spotted moons may have formed from the collision that created Charon. Their orbits have been found to be highly chaotic.


Immaj PluTo And ITs Moons' OrbiTs

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Thuh NeksT TeksT Wuhz Fruhm:

Astronomers Describe the Chaotic Dance of Pluto’s Moons

By Kenneth Chang

  • June 3, 2015

The five moons of Pluto form a sort of miniature planetary system — one that is unique in the solar system.

The largest, Charon, 750 miles wide, was discovered in 1978, and it is so large, about one-ninth the mass of Pluto, that the center of mass of the two lies outside Pluto. That has led some planetary scientists to regard Pluto and Charon as a double planet.

By contrast, Earth is 81 times the mass of the moon, and the center of mass is within Earth.

Two much smaller moons of Pluto, now named Nix and Hydra, were discovered in 2005 in images taken by the Hubble Space Telescope. In 2011, another moon, Kerberos, was discovered between the orbits of Nix and Hydra, and a year later, astronomers announced the fifth moon, Styx.

In an article published Wednesday in the journal Nature, Mark R. Showalter of the SETI Institute in Mountain View, Calif., and Douglas P. Hamilton of the University of Maryland calculated more precisely the orbits of the four smaller moons and turned up some surprises.
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For one, Nix, jostled by the competing gravitational pulls of Pluto and Charon, appears to be rotating chaotically.

“It’s not just a little bit chaotic,” Dr. Showalter said. “Nix can flip its entire pole. It could actually be possible to spend a day on Nix in which the sun rises in the east and sets in the north. It is almost random-looking in the way it rotates.”

Dr. Showalter said that Styx and Kerberos were probably also rotating chaotically. “It’s just that we haven’t been able to measure them well enough to see it yet,” he said.

Hydra, the farthest from Pluto, is also tumbling.

“It just shows the universe is a really complex and wonderful place,” said Scott J. Kenyon, an astrophysicist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, Mass., who wrote an accompanying commentary in Nature.

The findings in Nature are based on Hubble images taken from 2005 to 2012 and include detections of Kerberos and Styx in older photographs where astronomers had previously missed seeing them.

NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft, speeding toward a close encounter with Pluto on July 14, may help answer many questions.

The orbits of the five moons are close, but not exactly in resonance, in which gravity would keep the moons moving in lockstep. Styx’s orbital period is close to three times that of Charon, Nix’s is close to four times, Kerberos’s is close to five and Hydra’s is close to six.

“That is not exact, which means it is actually not a resonance at all,” Dr. Showalter said. “Resonance is not like a game of horseshoes, where close counts. You’re either in a resonance or you’re not.”

But the orbits are so close that they strongly suggest that the moons were once in resonance. “This is not random chance,” Dr. Showalter said. “There is definitely something about the nature of these near relationships that is a clue about how this system formed and evolved.”

Dr. Showalter and Dr. Hamilton discovered a different resonance, in which Styx’s motion is locked to those of Nix and Hydra. The two resonances cannot occur simultaneously, so somehow the original resonance of the five moons fell apart and then three of the moons synchronized in the second one.

Refined estimates of the properties of the moons also indicate that Kerberos has one-third the mass of Hydra and yet reflects only one-twentieth as much sunlight. That would mean it is made of something much darker, as dark as charcoal, than Nix and Hydra, which have the brightness of dirty snow or desert sand. “We are totally mystified by the color of Kerberos,” Dr. Showalter said.

The astronomers estimated that Hydra is a potato-shaped object about 36 miles wide, and Nix is 35 miles wide and a bit skinnier. Kerberos is about 19 miles wide, they said. In the Hubble images, Styx was too small and dim for astronomers to estimate its size and reflectivity.

Pluto and its moons are believed to have formed out of a collision of icy bodies in the outer solar system. One idea is that the brighter moons coalesced out of the debris, while the darker Kerberos might be a fragment of the object that slammed into Pluto.

HeLioSphere In Simp Lang Yeeng Voyss Sownd Chahrz

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Lunar Week Sizomes in Yeeng Voyss Sownd Chahrz iz Lwnr Week Syzohmz Uhv CelesTial Calendar Uhv Tym Uhv Omneeonizm uv Omneeoh.

Thuh krent 7 day week orihjind in Babylonia!!!
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Week#History

Lwnr Kalendr Syzohmz

aHR0cDovL3d3dy5zcGFjZS5jb20vaW1hZ2VzL2kvMDAwLzAwMC8zOTcvb3JpZ2luYWwvbW9vbi1waGFzZXMtMTAxMTExLTAyLmpwZw==

See: https://www.timeanddate.com/moon/phases/

See: YouTuube Vid: Moon Phase Animation

Week Lee (SabbaT=SabbaTh) rest shood bee cheynjd tu the Nw, Haf and FuL [[[Mwn]] Fayz Ohmz with ( 6 Ohr 7 ) Dayz BeeTween.

Day: Name
1: Mwn Day: Lwnr Sabbat (Mar 24 haf mwn)
2: Mrkyree Day 25
3: Venus Day 26
4: Urantia Day 27 Tuesday
5: Mahrz Day 28 Wednesday 8pm Moon in: Virgo (CKlustr)
6: Jwpitr Day 29 Thursday 6pm Moon in: Virgo
7: Satrn Day 30 Friday 6pm Moon in: Libra
8 (Leep): Yreynus Day (wuns ohr twyss a lwnar munth)

1: Mwn Day Lwnar Sabbat (Mar 31 Satrday fuL mwn; 6pm: Mwn in: Libra)…
2: Mrkyree Day (6pm Sunday 1 Apr: Mwn in: Pisces)
3: Venus Day (Munday 2 Apr: Mwn in Scorpio])
4: Urantia Day (Twzday 3 Apr: Mwn in Scorpio)
5: Mahrz Day (Wenzday 4 Apr: Mwn in Sagittarius)
6: Jwpitr Day (Thrzday 5 Apr: Mwn in Sagittarius)
7: Satrn Day (Fryday 6 Apr: Mwn in Capricorn)
8 (Leep): Yreynus Day (Satrday 7 Apr: Mwn in Capricorn)

1: Mwn Day Lwnar Sabbat ([Sunday 8 Apr: Mwn in Capricorn)
2: Mrkyree Day (Munday 9 Apr: Mwn in Aquarius)
3: Venus Day (Munday 10 Apr: Mwn in Aquarius)
4: UranTia Day (Munday 11 Apr: Mwn in Pisces)

1: Mwn Day Lwnar SabbaT First Quarter: Aug 18, 2018 at 12:48 am (Munday 11 Apr: Mwn in Sagittarius

See: https://www.timeanddate.com/moon/phases/

Lehsr KreeayTrz

Infinite numbers of Lesser Creator Pantheons are

the Youtube History Channel Ancient Aliens (S01 thru S07) Video Playlist (Ancient Aliens banner) uv thu polytheistic Ancient Astronaut Hypothesis uv Science Theoriez. Lesser Creation involvz (usually sub-galactic) interstellar travel frum one solar system to another stahr sistem and thuh scientific genetic engineering using advanced computerz and possibly cloning tek tu produce one or more plants and rrrbz tu terraform thu world and/or one or more animal life formz tu populate it.


ELohim Pikchr

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ELohim ChyLds Uv EL

In Ugarit, the gods were called 'ilhm (elohim), or the children of El, a probable parallel to the the biblical "sons of God." The chief god, a progenitor of the universe, was El, also known as Elion (biblical El Elyon), who was the father of the divinities. In the Urgaritic material, El is the consort of Ashera, who is described as the "mother of 70 gods."

Thiss Iz Thuh LasT Lyn Uhv TeksT In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " ELohim ChyLds Uv EL ".

Thiss Iz Thuh LasT Lyn Uhv TeksT In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " ELohim Pikchr ".


YaHWeH Pikchr

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OhrihjihnuL Pikchr Address:

Tu deskryb in evreeday deteyL, evree ahrtist, meykr and espeshullee inventr iz a Kreeaytr Uhv GraeeTr Ohr Lesr UhkomplishmenT.


Thiss Iz Thuh LasT Lyn Uhv TeksT In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " Lehsr KreeayTrz ".