Syenss


Syenss Izm


Syenss Tek Trm Deskripshuhnz


Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhnz

Uhv Syenss


Syenss Wrd Ehtimmolluhjee Frum Wiktionary

Thŭ Nĕkst Tĕkst Wŭz Frŭm:

Science [ Wrd Ĕtĭmŏlŭjē ]

From Old French science, from Latin scientia (“knowledge”), from sciens, present participle stem of scire (“know”).

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Ehtimmolluhjee Frum Wiktionary ".


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Our definition of science

Science is the pursuit and application of knowledge and understanding of the natural and social world following a systematic methodology based on evidence.


Syenss Wrd Lah Dehfinnishuhn

Thŭ Nĕkst Tĕkst Wŭz Frŭm:

What is SCIENCE?:

Knowledge that is comprised of verifiable and measurable facts that have been acquired by the application of a scientific method.


Thuss Syenss Iz Senss Proovd Reel Syzd TruuTh.


Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Lah Dehfinnishuhn ".


See: Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT Smahl T

Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhn Fruhm Wy-Ky-Pee-Dy-Shohrt-A

NexT KwohT Wuhz:

NexT TexT OhridjinnuLLee Fruhm:

Science is an enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the world. An older and closely related meaning still in use today is that of Aristotle, for whom scientific knowledge was a body of reliable knowledge that can be logically and rationally explained.

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhn Fruhm Wy-Ky-Pee-Dy-Shohrt-A ".


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

science

Science is the field of study concerned with discovering and describing the world around us by observing and experimenting. Biology, chemistry, and physics are all branches of science.

Science is an "empirical" field, that is, it develops a body of knowledge by observing things and performing experiments. The meticulous process of gathering and analyzing data is called the "scientific method," and we sometimes use science to describe the knowledge we already have…


Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhnz ".


See: Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT Smahl T

Tek Wrd 3 Main Kyndz

Tek Wrd Deskripshuhn Fruhm Wiktionary

Thuh NexT Text Fruhm:

Tech: Etymology From Ancient Greek *τεκτ-, τέκτων, < τέχνη(téchni,“art, splendour, mastermind, craftsmanship, trade, skill”)

abbreviation of technology
abbreviation of technician
abbreviation of technique

See Ahlsoh: Syenss Tek 3 Main Kyndz

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Tek Wrd Deskripshuhn Fruhm Wiktionary ".

Tek Wrd Deskripshuhn Fruhm Wiktionary Tranzskrybd Tu Fohnehtik Eeng-glish Speech Sownd Synz Iz:

Tek Kynd Tek Skill Iz Simp Lang Fohr Tekneek;

1: Simp Akt Tek: Senss Pruuv Truuth Uhv Uh Thing
2: In 4d Syz Thuh Senst PruuvdTruuth By:
2a: Mohst Long Length,
2b: Leest Shohrt Width,
2c: 3rd Dymenshuhn Deoth,
2d: And Tym Durrayshuhn
3: Reekohrd Az Much Az Kan Get Sayvd
3: Publish Recording.

Tek Kynd Tek Ist Iz Simp Lang Fohr Teknishuhn;

  • Fphr Egzampul A [[[Syentist]] Iz Uh Syenss Tek.

Tek Kynd Tek Toolz Iz Simp Lang Fohr TeknoLLuhjee;

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Tek Wrd 3 Main Kyndz ".


Syenss Tek 3 Main Kyndz

Thuh NexT TexT AdapTed Fruhm:

Syenss Tek Skilz, Ahlsoh Kahld Thuh Tekneeks of Syenss, are the Fohrmal Syenssez and Uhplyd Syensez.

Thohz Syenss Tek Skilz Ahr Thuh Intrnul Ehreeuhz Uhv Stuhdee

Thuh Syenss Tek Toolz Ahr Thuh Syentist-Bod-Pahrts And Extrnul Forms Uhv Teknolluhjee produced by Enjinneers And Ahrkittektss And Simmillur Ahrtists Uhv Syenss

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Tek 3 Main Kyndz ".



Thuh NexT TexT AdapTed Fruhm:

Syenss Tek Skilz, Ahlsoh Kahld Thuh Tekneeks of Syenss, are the Fohrmal Syenssez and Uhplyd Syensez.

Thohz Syenss Tek Skilz Ahr Thuh Intrnul Ehreeuhz Uhv Stuhdee

Thuh Syenss Tek Toolz Ahr Thuh Syentist-Bod-Pahrts And Extrnul Forms Uhv Teknolluhjee produced by Enjinneers And Ahrkittektss And Simmillur Ahrtists Uhv Syenss


Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Tek Trm Deskripshuhnz ".


SyenTiffik MeThuhd Uhv Syenss And SyenTiffik Trmz

Thuh Fraeez Trm "ScienTific MeThod"

SaiunTihfik Methud iz Saiuntihfik + Methuhd,


Syentiffik Wrd Deskripshuhnz


Thuh NexT ETimmoLLuhjee Uv Wrd SyenTiffik Fruhm:

scientific (adj.)

1580s, from Middle French scientifique,

from Medieval Latin scientificus "pertaining to science,"

from Latin scientia "knowledge" (see science) + -ficus "making, doing,"…

Originally used to translate Greek epistemonikos "making knowledge" in Aristotle's "Ethics."…

First record of scientific revolution is from 1803;

scientific method is from 1854;

scientific notation is from 1961.


Thuh NexT Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

scientific…adj
1. (prenominal) of, relating to, derived from, or used in science: scientific equipment.
2. (prenominal) occupied in science: scientific manpower.
3. conforming with the principles or methods used in science: a scientific approach…
Cite: Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition

sci•en•tif•ic…adj.
1. of, pertaining to, or concerned with a science or the sciences.
2. regulated by or conforming to the principles of exact science.
3. systematic or accurate in the manner of an exact [[science]]…
Cite: Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary,


Thuh NexT Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

scientific adjective…

Definition of scientific

1 : of, relating to, or exhibiting the methods or principles of science
2 : conducted in the manner of science or according to results of investigation by science : practicing or using thorough or systematic methods


Thiss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " Syentiffik Wrd Deskripshuhnz ".


Methuhd

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

early 15c., "regular, systematic treatment of disease," from Latin methodus "way of teaching or going," from Greek methodos "scientific inquiry, method of inquiry, investigation," originally "pursuit, a following after," from meta "in pursuit or quest of" (see meta-) + hodos "a method, system; a way or manner" (of doing, saying, etc.), also "a traveling, journey," literally "a path, track, road," a word of uncertain origin… Meaning "way of doing anything" is from 1580s; that of "orderliness, regularity" is from 1610s. In reference to a theory of acting associated with Russian director Konstantin Stanislavsky, it is attested from 1923.

Methuhd MyT Get Deskrybd In Simp Lang

Thiss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " Methuhd ".


Senss Pruuf Fakt Syz Lrn Waee


Deskripshun Uhv Thuh Senss Pruuf Fakt Syz Lrn Waee Wich Iz Uh Uhv Syuhnss } Iz:
1: Yuuzeeng Uh ( Syentiffik = Syenss-Baeesst ) ( Methuhd = PLand Task Akts )
2: Tu Uhkwyr Senst Vehriffyd Faktss
3: Then Syz Eech Fakt
4: Then Klassiffy That Fakt Intu 1 Uhv Thuh Syenss Main Branch Kynd Typs Klast By Syz Ohrdr.

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd "Senss Pruuf Fakt Syz Lrn Waee ".


Nekst Iz Uh Standrd Deskripshuhn Uhv Syentiffik Methuhdolluhjee.
SyenTiffik-MeThuhd-STeps_V6_UpdaeeTed_2013.png
Thuh Uhbuhv Immaj Wuhz SohrsT Fruhm:

Wuhn SyenTiffik Ed Task Iz

  • Tu KuhmeewnikkaeeT ReezuLTs Uhv SyehnTiffik PrakTiss OpTs.

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " SyenTiffik MeThuhd ".


Thuh Paeej With Naeem Speld " Syehnss Baeesiks Kynd Typs KLasT By Syz Ohrdr "

See: Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT PuT OwT SmahL T

Syenss Baeesikss Kynd Typss KLasT By Syz Ohrdr

Table of Contents

Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhnz

Uhv Syenss


Syenss Wrd Ehtimmolluhjee Frum Wiktionary

Thŭ Nĕkst Tĕkst Wŭz Frŭm:

Science [ Wrd Ĕtĭmŏlŭjē ]

From Old French science, from Latin scientia (“knowledge”), from sciens, present participle stem of scire (“know”).

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Ehtimmolluhjee Frum Wiktionary ".


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Our definition of science

Science is the pursuit and application of knowledge and understanding of the natural and social world following a systematic methodology based on evidence.


Syenss Wrd Lah Dehfinnishuhn

Thŭ Nĕkst Tĕkst Wŭz Frŭm:

What is SCIENCE?:

Knowledge that is comprised of verifiable and measurable facts that have been acquired by the application of a scientific method.


Thuss Syenss Iz Senss Proovd Reel Syzd TruuTh.


Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Lah Dehfinnishuhn ".


See: Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT Smahl T

Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhn Fruhm Wy-Ky-Pee-Dy-Shohrt-A

NexT KwohT Wuhz:

NexT TexT OhridjinnuLLee Fruhm:

Science is an enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the world. An older and closely related meaning still in use today is that of Aristotle, for whom scientific knowledge was a body of reliable knowledge that can be logically and rationally explained.

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhn Fruhm Wy-Ky-Pee-Dy-Shohrt-A ".


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

science

Science is the field of study concerned with discovering and describing the world around us by observing and experimenting. Biology, chemistry, and physics are all branches of science.

Science is an "empirical" field, that is, it develops a body of knowledge by observing things and performing experiments. The meticulous process of gathering and analyzing data is called the "scientific method," and we sometimes use science to describe the knowledge we already have…


Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhnz ".


SyenTiffik MeThuhd Uhv Syenss And SyenTiffik Trmz

Thuh Fraeez Trm "ScienTific MeThod"

SaiunTihfik Methud iz Saiuntihfik + Methuhd,


Syentiffik Wrd Deskripshuhnz


Thuh NexT ETimmoLLuhjee Uv Wrd SyenTiffik Fruhm:

scientific (adj.)

1580s, from Middle French scientifique,

from Medieval Latin scientificus "pertaining to science,"

from Latin scientia "knowledge" (see science) + -ficus "making, doing,"…

Originally used to translate Greek epistemonikos "making knowledge" in Aristotle's "Ethics."…

First record of scientific revolution is from 1803;

scientific method is from 1854;

scientific notation is from 1961.


Thuh NexT Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

scientific…adj
1. (prenominal) of, relating to, derived from, or used in science: scientific equipment.
2. (prenominal) occupied in science: scientific manpower.
3. conforming with the principles or methods used in science: a scientific approach…
Cite: Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition

sci•en•tif•ic…adj.
1. of, pertaining to, or concerned with a science or the sciences.
2. regulated by or conforming to the principles of exact science.
3. systematic or accurate in the manner of an exact [[science]]…
Cite: Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary,


Thuh NexT Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

scientific adjective…

Definition of scientific

1 : of, relating to, or exhibiting the methods or principles of science
2 : conducted in the manner of science or according to results of investigation by science : practicing or using thorough or systematic methods


Thiss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " Syentiffik Wrd Deskripshuhnz ".


Methuhd

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

early 15c., "regular, systematic treatment of disease," from Latin methodus "way of teaching or going," from Greek methodos "scientific inquiry, method of inquiry, investigation," originally "pursuit, a following after," from meta "in pursuit or quest of" (see meta-) + hodos "a method, system; a way or manner" (of doing, saying, etc.), also "a traveling, journey," literally "a path, track, road," a word of uncertain origin… Meaning "way of doing anything" is from 1580s; that of "orderliness, regularity" is from 1610s. In reference to a theory of acting associated with Russian director Konstantin Stanislavsky, it is attested from 1923.

Methuhd MyT Get Deskrybd In Simp Lang

Thiss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " Methuhd ".


Senss Pruuf Fakt Syz Lrn Waee


Deskripshun Uhv Thuh Senss Pruuf Fakt Syz Lrn Waee Wich Iz Uh Uhv Syuhnss } Iz:
1: Yuuzeeng Uh ( Syentiffik = Syenss-Baeesst ) ( Methuhd = PLand Task Akts )
2: Tu Uhkwyr Senst Vehriffyd Faktss
3: Then Syz Eech Fakt
4: Then Klassiffy That Fakt Intu 1 Uhv Thuh Syenss Main Branch Kynd Typs Klast By Syz Ohrdr.

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd "Senss Pruuf Fakt Syz Lrn Waee ".


Nekst Iz Uh Standrd Deskripshuhn Uhv Syentiffik Methuhdolluhjee.
SyenTiffik-MeThuhd-STeps_V6_UpdaeeTed_2013.png
Thuh Uhbuhv Immaj Wuhz SohrsT Fruhm:

Wuhn SyenTiffik Ed Task Iz

  • Tu KuhmeewnikkaeeT ReezuLTs Uhv SyehnTiffik PrakTiss OpTs.

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " SyenTiffik MeThuhd ".


Basics

THuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

basics (n.)

"rudiments or fundamentals of anything," by 1914, from basic. Also see -ics. Phrase back-to-basics was in use by 1962.


Heer: https://www.howtopronounce.com/rudiment/

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

rudiment noun

ru·​di·​ment

Definition of rudiment

1 : a basic principle or element or a fundamental skill

  • usually used in plural teaching themselves the rudiments of rational government— G. B. Galanti

2a : something unformed or undeveloped : beginning

  • usually used in plural the rudiments of a plan

b(1) : a body part so deficient in size or structure as to be entirely unable to perform its normal function
(2) : an organ just beginning to develop : anlage


THuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

fundamental (adj.)

mid-15c., "primary, original, pertaining to a foundation," modeled on Late Latin fundamentalis "of the foundation," from Latin fundamentum "foundation" (see fundament). In music (1732) it refers to the lowest note of a chord. Fundamentals (n.) "primary principles or rules" of anything is from 1630s.


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

basic (adj.)

"relating to a base," 1832, originally in chemistry, from base (n.) + -ic.

BASIC

computer language, 1964, initialism (acronym) for Beginners' All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code; invented by Hungarian-born U.S. computer scientist John G. Kemeny and U.S. computer scientist Thomas E. Kurtz.


Suhfiks Ikss


Ehtimmolluhjee Uhv Suhfiks Ikss

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

-ics

in the names of sciences or disciplines (acoustics, aerobics, economics, etc.), a 16c.

revival of the classical custom of using the neuter plural of adjectives with Greek -ikos "pertaining to" (see -ic) to mean "matters relevant to" and also as the titles of treatises about them.

Subject matters that acquired their English names before c. 1500, however, tend to be singular in form (arithmetic, logic, magic, music, rhetoric). The grammatical number of words in -ics (mathematics is/mathematics are) is a confused question.


Dikshuhnehree Deskripshuhnz Uhv Suhfiks Ikss

Thuh NekST TekST Wuhz Fruhm:

-ics noun suffix, plural in form but singular or plural in construction

[ Dehskripshuhnz ] of -ics

1 : study : knowledge : skill : practice

  • linguistics electronics

2 : characteristic actions or activities

  • acrobatics

3 : characteristic qualities, operations, or phenomena

  • mechanics

Thiss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Payj Naymd " Suhfiks Ikss ".


THiss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Payj Naymd " Basics "


See Ahlsoh: Nachuhrul Syenss Az Reel Pruuvd Truuth


Thuh Syensez


Thuh Syenss Main Branch Kyndz Inkluud THuh 2 Main Branch Kyndz.


Syenss Main Branch Kyndz


Thuh Syenss Main Branch Kyndz Inkluud THuh 2 Main Branch Kyndz.


Frst Ther Iz Syenss Fillossuhfee

* WiTh Thuh Syenss Fillossuhfee Branch Kyndz.

Then Ther Iz NachruL Syenss

* WiTh Thuh Evree-Syz-BaeesT Nachrul Syenss Branch Kynd Typs Klast By Syz Ohrdr.

Empirrikkul Syenss

* WiTh Thuh FynyT Syz-BaeesT Empirrikkul Syenss Branch Kynd Typs Klast By Syz Ohrdr.

NachruL Syenss AhLsoh Inkluudz Thuh Filluhsoffyzd Tu EgzisT Thuh Tranz FynyT Syzd KuhmpohnenTss Uhv Tranz FynyT Izm.




Syenss Fillossuhfee Ŏlsō Kŏld Fillossuhfee Uhv Syenss


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Philosophy of science

The philosophy of science, a sub-branch of epistemology, is the branch of philosophy that studies the philosophical assumptions, foundations, and implications of science, including the natural sciences such as physics, chemistry, and biology] the social sciences such as psychology, history, and sociology, and sometimes—especially beginning about the second decade of the twentieth century—the formal sciences, such as logic, mathematics, set theory, and proof theory. In this last respect, the [[[philosophy of science]] is often closely related to philosophy of language, philosophy of mathematics, and to formal systems of logic and formal languages. The twentieth century witnessed a proliferation of research and literature on the philosophy of science Debate is robust amongst philosophers of science and within the discipline much remains inconclusive. For nearly every assertion advanced in the discipline, a philosopher can be found who will disagree with it in some fashion.


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Formal and Empirical Methods in Philosophy of Science…

Authors: Vincenzo Crupi & Stephan Hartmann

Abstract

This essay addresses the methodology of philosophy of science and illustrates how formal and empirical methods can be fruitfully combined. Special emphasis is given to the application of experimental methods to confirmation theory and to recent work on the conjunction fallacy, a key topic in the rationality debate arising from research in cognitive psychology. Several other issues can be studied in this way…


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Questions Addressed by Philosophy of Science

Philosophy of science investigates and seeks to explain such questions as:

What is science? Is there one thing that constitutes science, or are there many different kinds or fields of inquiry that are different but are nevertheless called sciences?

Does or can science lead to certainty?

How is genuine or true science to be distinguished—demarcated, to use the usual philosopher's term—from non-science or pseudo-science? Or is this impossible, and, if so, what does this do for the claims that some things are pseudosciences? ( See: Suudoh-Syenss Vrsuhss Truu Syenss )

What is the nature of [[[scientific]] statements, concepts, and conclusions; how are they are created; and how are they justified (if justification is indeed possible)?

Is there any such thing as a scientific method? If there is, what are the types of reasoning used to arrive at conclusions and the formulation of it, and is there any limit to this method or methods?

Is the growth of science cumulative or revolutionary?

For a new scientific theory, can one say it is “nearer to the truth,” and, if so, how? Does science make progress, in some sense of that term, or does it merely change? If it does make progress, how is progress determined and measured?

What means should be used for determining the acceptability, validity, or truthfulness of statements in science, i.e. is objectivity possible, and how can it be achieved?

How does science explain, predict and, through technology, harness nature?

What are the implications of scientific methods and models for the larger society, including for the sciences themselves?

What is the relationship, if any, between science and religion and science and ethics, or are these completely separate?

Those questions may always have existed in some form, but they came to the fore in Western philosophy after the coming of what has been called the scientific revolution, and they became especially central and much-discussed in the twentieth century, when philosophy of science became a self-conscious and highly investigated discipline.

It must be noted that, despite what some scientists or other people may say or think, all science is philosophy-embedded. Philosopher Daniel Dennett has written, “There is no such thing as philosophy-free science; there is only science whose philosophical baggage is taken on board without examination.” [ Darwin's Dangerous Idea…Dennett, Daniel. 1995 ]


Syenss Fillossuhfee Branch Kyndz

Fillossuhfee Izm Nōrm Spĕld " Philosophyism "

Fohrmul Syenss Nōrm Spĕld " Formal Science "




Fillossuhfee Izm


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

philosophy (n.)

Meaning "system a person forms for conduct of life" is attested from 1771…

c. 1300, "knowledge, body of knowledge,"…

(12c., Modern French philosophie)…

from Old French filosofie "philosophy, knowledge"…

directly from Latin philosophia

and from Greek philosophia "love of knowledge, pursuit of wisdom; systematic investigation,"

from philo- "loving" (see philo-) + sophia "knowledge, wisdom," from sophis "wise, learned;" of unknown origin.


Fillossuhfee Main Branchez


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Traditional…Five…Main Branches [Uhv] Philosophy

Traditionally, there are five main branches of philosophy.

They are:

Metaphysics, which deals with the fundamental questions of reality.
Epistemology, which deals with our concept of knowledge, how we learn and what we can know.
Logic, which studies the rules of valid reasoning and argumentation
Ethics, or moral philosophy, which is concerned with human values and how individuals should act.
Aesthetics or esthetics, which deals with the notion of beauty and the philosophy of art.


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Introduction to the Five Branches of Philosophy

Philosophy can be divided into five branches which address the following questions:

Metaphysics Study of Existence What's out there?
Epistemology Study of Knowledge How do I know about it?
Ethics Study of Action What should I do?
Politics Study of Force What actions are permissible?
Esthetics Study of Art What can life be like?

There is a hierarchical relationship between these branches as can be seen..

At the root is Metaphysics, the study of existence and the nature of existence.

Closely related is Epistemology, the study of knowledge and how we know about reality and existence.

Dependent on Epistemology is Ethics, the study of how man should act.

Ethics is dependent on Epistemology because it is impossible to make choices without knowledge.

A subset of Ethics is Politics: the study of how men should interact in a proper society and what constitutes proper.

Esthetics, the study of art and sense of life is slightly separate, but depends on Metaphysics, Epistemology, and Ethics.


[[include Metaphysics]]


[[include Epistemology]]


[[include Logic]]


[[include Ethics]]


[[include Politics]]


[[include Aesthetics]]




Fohrmul Syenss


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Kwohted Durreeng 1 June 2019 Fruhm:

Formal Science

Formal sciences are formal language disciplines concerned with formal systems

The formal sciences are language tools concerned with characterizing abstract structures described by symbolic systems.

The formal sciences aid the natural and social sciences by providing information about the structures the latter use to describe the world, and what inferences may be made about them.


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Kwohted Durreeng 1 June 2019 Fruhm:

Formal Systems

Formal Systems play an important role in computer science, linguisitics, and logic. What are they? …

A formal system consists of a language over some alphabet of symbols together with (axioms and inference rules) that distinguish some of the strings in the language as theorems…

Components of a Formal System

A formal system has the following components:

  • A finite alphabet of symbols. The alphabet must be finite because if it were not, each symbol could stand for any thought and so what kind of a model would that be? There would be no need to "process" anything. Furthermore, we are finite beings and let's keep in mind what we are trying to model.
  • A syntax that defines which strings of symbol are in the language of our formal system.
  • A decidable set of axioms and a finite set of rules from which the set of theorems of the system is generated. The rules must take a finite number of steps to apply.

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Each formal system uses primitive symbols (which collectively form an alphabet) to finitely construct a formal language from a set of axioms through inferential rules of formation.

The system thus consists of valid formulas built up through finite combinations of the primitive symbols—combinations that are formed from the axioms in accordance with the stated rules.[3]

More formally, this can be expressed as the following:

1: A finite set of symbols, known as the alphabet, which concatenate formulas, so that a formula is just a finite string of symbols taken from the alphabet.
2: A grammar consisting of rules to form formulas from simpler formulas. A formula is said to be well-formed if it can be formed using the rules of the formal grammar. It is often required that there be a decision procedure for deciding whether a formula is well-formed.
3: A set of axioms, or axiom schemata, consisting of well-formed formulas.
4: A set of inference rules. A well-formed formula that can be inferred from the axioms is known as a theorem of the formal system.


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Each formal system has a formal language composed of primitive symbols acted on by certain rules of formation (statements concerning the symbols, functions, and sentences allowable in the system) and developed by inference from a set of axioms. The system thus consists of any number of formulas built up through finite combinations of the primitive symbols—combinations that are formed from the axioms in accordance with the stated rules….

From the primitive symbols, certain formulas are defined as well formed, some of which are listed as axioms; and rules are stated for inferring one formula as a conclusion from one or more other formulas taken as premises.

A theorem within such a system is a formula capable of proof through a finite sequence of well-formed formulas, each of which either is an axiom or is inferred from earlier formulas.

A formal system that is treated apart from intended interpretation is a mathematical construct and is more properly called logical calculus; this kind of formulation deals rather with validity and satisfiability than with truth or falsity, which are at the root of formal systems.

In general, then, a formal system provides an ideal language by means of which to abstract and analyze the deductive structure of thought apart from specific meanings. Together with the concept of a model, such systems have formed the basis for a rapidly expanding inquiry into the foundations of mathematics and of other deductive sciences and have even been used to a limited extent in analyzing the empirical sciences.


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Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

1 Branches of formal science
1.1 Logic
1.2 Mathematics
1.3 Statistics
1.4 Systems science
1.5 Computer science


Fillossuhfee Izm


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

philosophy (n.)

Meaning "system a person forms for conduct of life" is attested from 1771…

c. 1300, "knowledge, body of knowledge,"…

(12c., Modern French philosophie)…

from Old French filosofie "philosophy, knowledge"…

directly from Latin philosophia

and from Greek philosophia "love of knowledge, pursuit of wisdom; systematic investigation,"

from philo- "loving" (see philo-) + sophia "knowledge, wisdom," from sophis "wise, learned;" of unknown origin.


Fillossuhfee Main Branchez


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Traditional…Five…Main Branches [Uhv] Philosophy

Traditionally, there are five main branches of philosophy.

They are:

Metaphysics, which deals with the fundamental questions of reality.
Epistemology, which deals with our concept of knowledge, how we learn and what we can know.
Logic, which studies the rules of valid reasoning and argumentation
Ethics, or moral philosophy, which is concerned with human values and how individuals should act.
Aesthetics or esthetics, which deals with the notion of beauty and the philosophy of art.


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Introduction to the Five Branches of Philosophy

Philosophy can be divided into five branches which address the following questions:

Metaphysics Study of Existence What's out there?
Epistemology Study of Knowledge How do I know about it?
Ethics Study of Action What should I do?
Politics Study of Force What actions are permissible?
Esthetics Study of Art What can life be like?

There is a hierarchical relationship between these branches as can be seen..

At the root is Metaphysics, the study of existence and the nature of existence.

Closely related is Epistemology, the study of knowledge and how we know about reality and existence.

Dependent on Epistemology is Ethics, the study of how man should act.

Ethics is dependent on Epistemology because it is impossible to make choices without knowledge.

A subset of Ethics is Politics: the study of how men should interact in a proper society and what constitutes proper.

Esthetics, the study of art and sense of life is slightly separate, but depends on Metaphysics, Epistemology, and Ethics.


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Ethics

Thŭ Nĕkst Tĕkst Wŭz Frŭm:

History and Etymology for ethic

Middle English ethik, from Middle French ethique, from Latin ethice, from Greek ēthikē, from ēthikos

Definition of ethic

1 ethics plural in form but singular or plural in construction : the discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation

2a : a set of moral principles : a theory or system of moral values
—often used in plural but singular or plural in construction

b : ethics plural in form but singular or plural in construction : the principles of conduct governing an individual or a group
: a guiding philosophy

d : a consciousness of moral importance

3 : ethics plural : a set of moral issues or aspects (such as rightness)

Ethics vs Morals: Is there a difference?

Ethics and morals are both used in the plural and are often regarded as synonyms, but there is some distinction in how they are used.

Morals often describes one's particular values concerning what is right and what is wrong:

While ethics can refer broadly to moral principles, one often sees it applied to questions of correct behavior within a relatively narrow area of activity:

In addition, morals usually connotes an element of subjective preference, while ethics tends to suggest aspects of universal fairness and the question of whether or not an action is responsible:


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Thiss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " Ethics ".


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NachruL Syenss



NaturaL

Natural Iz Nature + Suffix-al.


Naeechr Iz Fohnehtik Eeng-glish Speech Sownd Synz
Fohr Nature

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Pronunciation

(Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈneɪtʃə/
(General American) IPA(key): /ˈneɪtʃɚ/
(Northern England) IPA(key): /ˈnɛːtʃɐ/

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

OhfishuL ETymoLogy nature (n.)

late 13c., "restorative powers of the body, bodily processes; powers of growth;" from Old French nature "nature, being, principle of life; character, essence," from Latin natura "course of things; natural character, constitution, quality; the universe," literally "birth," from natus "born," past participle of nasci "to be born," from PIE root *gene- "give birth, beget."

From late 14c. as "creation, the universe;" also "heredity, birth, hereditary circumstance; essential qualities, innate disposition" (as in human nature); "nature personified, Mother Nature." Specifically as "material world beyond human civilization or society" from 1660s. Nature and nurture have been contrasted since 1874.

Nature should be avoided in such vague expressions as 'a lover of nature,' 'poems about nature.' Unless more specific statements follow, the reader cannot tell whether the poems have to do with natural scenery, rural life, the sunset, the untouched wilderness, or the habits of squirrels. [Strunk & White, "The Elements of Style," 3rd ed., 1979]

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Encyclopedia Definition uv Nature

all natural phenomena and plant and animal life, as distinct from man and his creations

Biology: the complement of genetic material that partly determines the structure of an organism; genotype

Thus, Naichr Meenz "Bohrn Essenss".


Thuh Trm Speld " Suffix UhL " Wuhz Fixt Tu Suhfix UhL.


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Thiss Iz Thuh LasT Lyn Uhv TeksT In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " NaturaL ".



Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhnz

Uhv Syenss


Syenss Wrd Ehtimmolluhjee Frum Wiktionary

Thŭ Nĕkst Tĕkst Wŭz Frŭm:

Science [ Wrd Ĕtĭmŏlŭjē ]

From Old French science, from Latin scientia (“knowledge”), from sciens, present participle stem of scire (“know”).

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Ehtimmolluhjee Frum Wiktionary ".


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Our definition of science

Science is the pursuit and application of knowledge and understanding of the natural and social world following a systematic methodology based on evidence.


Syenss Wrd Lah Dehfinnishuhn

Thŭ Nĕkst Tĕkst Wŭz Frŭm:

What is SCIENCE?:

Knowledge that is comprised of verifiable and measurable facts that have been acquired by the application of a scientific method.


Thuss Syenss Iz Senss Proovd Reel Syzd TruuTh.


Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Lah Dehfinnishuhn ".


See: Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT Smahl T

Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhn Fruhm Wy-Ky-Pee-Dy-Shohrt-A

NexT KwohT Wuhz:

NexT TexT OhridjinnuLLee Fruhm:

Science is an enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the world. An older and closely related meaning still in use today is that of Aristotle, for whom scientific knowledge was a body of reliable knowledge that can be logically and rationally explained.

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhn Fruhm Wy-Ky-Pee-Dy-Shohrt-A ".


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

science

Science is the field of study concerned with discovering and describing the world around us by observing and experimenting. Biology, chemistry, and physics are all branches of science.

Science is an "empirical" field, that is, it develops a body of knowledge by observing things and performing experiments. The meticulous process of gathering and analyzing data is called the "scientific method," and we sometimes use science to describe the knowledge we already have…


Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Wrd Deskripshuhnz ".



Nachrul Syenss Branch Kynd Typs KLastT By Syz Ohrdr InkLuudz:

EmpirrikkuL Syenss

WiTh Thuh FynyT Syzd Empirrikkul Syenss Sub Branch Kynd Typss KLasT By Syz Ohrdr

  • And

Tranz FynyT Izm

WiTH Thuh Tranz FynyT Syzd




Empirrikkul Syenss

Table of Contents

Kozmolluhjee Az Empirrikkul Syenss Branch Kynd Typs Klast By Syz Ohrdr


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SkaeeL_Uhv_Universe-And-Hyrahrkeez_Uhv_Syenss_Branch_Kyndz.jpg

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Thiss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " Empirrikkul Syenss Branch Kynd Typs Klast By Syz Ohrdr ".




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Meeuuzik With Tahkeeng Uhbowt Eetrnul TranzfynyTiTTee Izm.


Tranz FynyT Izm


See: Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT Smahl T


Maeen LisT Uhv KonTenTs Uhv Paeej Naemd Tranz FynyT Izm

Tranz FynyT Trm Deskripshuhn

TranzfynyTiTTee

EeTrnuL Tranz FynyT Izm

Now Tranz FynyT Izm

AhLuh Uu Ahbhah

ENd Uhv Maeen LisT Uhv KonTenTs Uhv Paeej Naemd Tranz FynyT Izm


Tranz FynyT Trm Deskripshuhn Uhv Tranz FynyT izm

See: Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT Smahl T

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Tranz Wrd Deskrybd

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InfinniT MyT GeT SpLiT Tu Simp Lang Wrdz Az:

  • "In Fin IT" Wich MyT GeT Dehskrybd Az: "IT Iz In A Fin".

Tranz FynyT MyT GeT Dehskrybd Az: Beeyond KownTuhbuL And Tranz Bowndz.

Thuh RealiTy Uhv ( ( Now Tranz FynyT Izm: "Ther Iz Always Mohr OuT" ) ) …, IZ NOT A DREEM!!!


Thuh Wrd TranzfynyTiTTee

  • Iz An UhsembuLd Trm Maeed WiTh FohnehTik Eeng-glish Speech Sownd Synz
  • Fohr Thuh Wrd Nohrm Speld Az Infinity
  • ThaT Shood GeT Sownded OwT Az Ĭ->n->f-> ( ī = Ŏ->ē ) ->n->ĭ->T-> ( y = Ŏ->ē )
  • Thoh Iz Nohrm Spohk Az In->Fin->IT->Ee
  • RooT Trm In->Fin->IT
  • Wich Seems Tu IndikkaeeT Thuh Trm " IT Iz In Uh Fin ( Uhv Uh Fish ) ".

Thuh Wrd TranzfynyTiTTee Indikkaeets Thuh Trm " Tranz FynyT IT Bee " And Haz Thuh Nuumerrikkul VaLLyuu Uhv Uh Tranz FynyT Nuhmbr.


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See: Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT SmahL T

EeTrnuL Tranz FynyT Izm

* Uhv Tranz FynyT Izm
* Uhv Thuh Syehnss Baeesiks Kynd Typs KLasT By Syz Ohrdr Uhv Omnyon Izm


Opt Meeuuzik With Tahkeeng Uhbowt EeTrnuL TranzfynyTiTTee Izm.

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EeTrnuL Tranz FynyT Izm Deskripshuhn:

  • Tranz FynyT Theengz ThaT Ahr Reezuhnd Wich Evr Wuhz, Evr Iz & Evr ShaL Bee:

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Thiss Iz Thuh Last Lyn UhvTeksT In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " EeTrnuL Tranz FynyT Izm ".


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Allah-u-Abha In FohnehTik EengGLish Voeess Sownd Chahrz iz AhLuh Uu Ahbhah


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THuh NexT TekST Wuhz Fruhm: http://thebabhistory.blogspot.com/2010/01/bahai-greeting-of-allah-u-abha.html
January 21, 2010

The Baha’i Greeting of Alláh-u-Abhá

• Allah-u-Abha is an Arabic word that means “[AhL Wuhn DeeiTTee] is the Most Glorious or [AhL Wuhn DeeiTTee] is All-Glorious.” (Wendy Momen, Baha’i Dictionary, p. 15)

• It is “a form of Bahá'í greeting ..” (Shoghi Effendi, Letters from the Guardian to Australia and New Zealand, p. 16) It was during the period in Adrianople after Baha’u’llah’s public proclamation “that the greeting of ‘Allah-u-Abha’ superseded the old salutation of ‘Allah-u-Akbar’ [which the Babis used], and was simultaneously adopted in Persia and Adrianople (Shoghi Effendi, God Passes By, p. 176)

• “The Bahá'ís are free to greet each other with Allah-u-Abha when they meet, if they want to, but they should avoid anything which to outsiders, in a western country, might seem like some strange Oriental password. We must be very firm on principles and laws, but very normal and natural in our ways, so as to attract strangers.” (Shoghi Effendi, Directives from the Guardian, p. 3)

• ‘Allah-u-Abha’ and ‘Ya Baha'u'l-Abha’ [an invocation meaning: "O Thou Glory of Glories"]” both refer to the “the Greatest Name” of God, and “both refer to Baha’u’llah”. “The Greatest Name is the Name of Bahá'u'lláh … By Greatest Name is meant that Bahá'u'lláh has appeared in God's Greatest Name, in other words, that He is the Supreme Manifestation of God.” (Adapted from a letter written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi, Letters from the Guardian to Australia and New Zealand, p. 41)

Baha'u'llah wrote in His Most Holy Book called the Kitab-i-Aqdas and the Mother Book Verse 18, "It hath been ordained that every believer in God, the Lord of Judgment, shall, each day, having washed his hands and then his face, seat himself and, turning unto God, repeat 'Alláh-u-Abhá' ninety-five times."


See AhLsoh: EL Ahbhah


AhLah Uu Ahbhah May AhLsoh Reefr Tu:

All Light: incomprehensible, 14/9.13.

asking the All Light, 21/15.3.

angels and mortals shall understand that there is only One All Light, 23/12.6.

answers everything in heaven and earth after its own manner, 21/29.28.

to the summit of All Light, even Gods have not attained, 36/1.22.


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Chek OwT books/music featuring Allah-u-Abha AT:


Thiss Iz Thuh LasT Lyn Uhv TeksT In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " Tranz FynyT Izm ".




Thiss Iz Thuh LasT Lyn Uhv TeksT In THuh Paeej Naeemd " Nachrul Syenss Branch Kynd Typs KLastT By Syz Ohrdr ".




See Ahlsoh:


Thiss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " Syenss Main Branch Kyndz ".


See Ahlsoh: syenss-sub-branch-kyndz-KlasT-by-syz-ohrdr


Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd " Syenss Izm "