PahrTikuLz Iz FohnehTik EengLish Fohr Particles

Pronunciation
(Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈpɑːtɪk(ə)l/
(General American) IPA(key): /ˈpɑɹtɪkəl/


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NexT TekST Fruhm: http://elements.wlonk.com/Particles.htm

KrenT STandrd ModdeL LisT Uhv AhL PahrTikkuLz

Standard Particles

This is a list of all the particles in the current standard model of particle physics plus the graviton [predicted]…


All (elementary) particles are either fermions or bosons.


Elementary particles


Fermions in Funetik Inglish iz Frmeeonz

Pronunciation
IPA(key): /ˈfɜːmɪɒn/

Etymology
From Enrico Fermi (Italian-American physicist), +‎ -on.

Fermions. (half-integer spin 1/2, 3/2, 5/2, etc.) Matter is made of fermions. Fermions obey the exclusion principle; fermions in the same state cannot be in the same place at the same time.


Elementary Fermions in Funetik Inglish iz Elementuhree Frmeeonz

Quarks. (spin 1/2) The protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom are made of quarks. There are six types or "flavors" or quarks: down, up, strange, charm, bottom, and top. Each comes in three "color" charges: red, green, and blue.

Leptons. (spin 1/2)

Electron and its two heavier sisters, the muon and tau. Atoms have a nucleus surrounded by electrons.

Neutrinos, the electron neutrino, muon neutrino, and tau neutrino. Lightweight and weakly interacting.


Bosons in Funetik Inglish iz Bohzonz

Bosons. (integer spin 0, 1, 2, etc.) Forces are carried by bosons with non-zero spin. Bosons do not obey the exclusion principle; bosons in the same state can be in the same place at the same time.


Elementary Bosons in Funetik Inglish iz Elementuhree Bohzonz

Graviton. (spin 2) Gravitons [predicted] carry the gravity force.

Gluon. (spin 1) Gluons carry the strong force, also called the nuclear force or color force. The strong force holds quarks together.

W± and Z bosons. (spin 1) W± and Z bosons carry the weak force. The weak force is responsible for radioactivity.

Photon. (spin 1) Photons carry the eletromagnetic force. Photons are particles of light. Light is an electromagnetic wave.

Higgs boson. (spin 0) The Higgs boson is an excitation the Higgs field. The Higgs field gives other particles their inertial mass.

Electroweak W and B bosons. (spin 1) W1, W2, W3, and B bosons carry the electroweak force. When the electroweak force split into the electromagnetic and weak forces, the W1, W2, W3, B, and Higgs remixed to make W±, Z, photon, and Higgs.


See: Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT SmahL T

KuhmpozziT PahrTikkuLz Iz FohnehTik EengLish Fohr ComposiTe ParTicles


NexT TekST Wuhz Fruhm: https://elements.wlonk.com/Particles.htm


Composite particles. Composite particles (hadrons) are composed of other particles.

Baryons. (spin 1/2, 3/2) Baryons are fermions composed of three quarks. The most important baryons are the two nucleons: the proton (up-up-down quarks) and the neutron (up-down-down quarks). Some other baryons are the sigma, lambda, xi, delta, and omega-minus.

Mesons. (spin 0, 1) Mesons are bosons composed of a quark and antiquark. Some mesons are the pion, kaon, eta, rho, omega, and phi…


Hypothetical Composite Particles

Exotic baryons. Fermions composed of multiple particles, but not just three quarks. The pentaquark has five quarks.

Exotic mesons. Bosons composed of multiple particles, but not just two quarks. The tetraquark has four quarks. The glueball is composed of gluons.


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See also: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_particles