Judicial Branch Definition:

A branch of government; judges.

Related Terms: …Legislative Branch,… Executive Branch,… Government

Members of courts of law; a special independent group of people tasked within the constitution of a nation, with the resolution of disputes in regards to the constitution or any other law, or the interrelation thereof, and in regards to any private disputes in regards to the entitlements of persons under the laws as set by the legislative branch as well as the hearing and sentencing of any person of whom the executive branch, on behalf of the government, has alleged the commission of a crime.

The judicial branch of government have the following features:

Independence;
Sole authority to issue opinions binding on all, on the constitution and laws; and
Authority to hear cases not only between persons, but between persons and the government (aka state) and thus, the authority to render binding decisions in regards to government actions.

See also: Statute of the International Court of Justice, World Judiciary