International Law in Funetik Inglish iz Intrnashuhnal Lah

InTernaTional in FuhnehTik Inglish iz InTrnashuhnuL

Pronunciation
(Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌɪntəˈnæʃ(ə)n(ə)l/, [ˌɪntəˈnæʃ(ə)n(ə)ɫ]
(General American) IPA(key): /ˌɪntɚˈnæʃ(ə)n(ə)l/, [ˌɪntɚˈnæʃ(ə)n(ə)ɫ], [ˌɪɾ̃ɚˈnæʃ(ə)n(ə)ɫ]

Etymology
inter- +‎ national. Reportedly coined in modern English by Jeremy Bentham.

Prefix inter uv international law uv Lahz uv Omneeoh

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈintɛr]

Etymology
From Latin inter- (“between, amid”), a form of prepositional inter (“between”).

National in Funetik Inglish iz Nashuhnal.

Pronunciation
IPA(key): /ˈnæʃ(ə)nəl/

Etymology
From Middle French national; see nation.

Legal Dictionary national adjective affecting the nation as a whole, common, country-wide, domestic, established by the federal government, federal, general, government, governmental, public, publicly owned, sovereign

Thus InTrnashuhnuL Meenz BeeTween nations.

Simp Lang Lah


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Law [ Wrd Deskripshuhn ]:

Rules of conduct approved and enforced by the government of and over a certain territory…

Related Terms: Regulation, Statutes, Lex Scripta, Act, Custom,… Civil Law,… Justice, Rule of Law, Substantive Law, Positive Law


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

The Law

The role of government is to protect individual rights. It must ensure that nobody violates the rights of another. In this capacity, it must specify what kinds of actions are forbidden. These rules, punishable by retaliatory force, are called laws. Laws are predefined rules. They are written to make them explicit and verify that they are predefined.

Laws serve multiple purposes. The first is a method of informing the populace of what actions will bring about retaliatory force. This facilitates the job of protecting rights by enabling citizens to have knowledge beforehand whether a particular act is forbidden. The people are then able to act appropriately, removing the need for retaliatory force, and increasing the ability of people to avoid violating others rights.

The second job of a law is to make the rules of the land explicit. This serves to avoid confusion in exactly what is legal or not. Such confusion can occur since the government is an organization of individuals. Individuals that can err or have differences of opinions. It also limits the power of the government officials by requiring them to act according to predefined methods. This has the advantage of safeguarding the people from their own representatives.

A third job of the law is to clarify ambiguous situations between men that may be difficult to decide if rights have been violated, or by who. Even among rational men, disagreement can occur, especially in areas as complicated as contracts. The law provides them a means of settling disputes peacefully by subjecting their claims to an objective, predefined reference. In this respect, the law stands as an impartial arbiter to conflicts.

Laws have many other positive benefits as well, such as providing a reaffirmation that coercive acts will be punished, and justice will be served. To be secure in life and property, man must be able to know what to expect from other people. Although an occasional criminal may act against the rules that govern society, this is exceptional. One interacts in a society because the majority of men act in good faith to respect each other's rights. The law is the primary facilitator for this.


See Also=AhLsoh:

International Law Definition:

A combination of treaties and customs which regulates the conduct of states amongst themselves, and persons who trade or have legal relationships which involve the jurisdiction of more than one state.

Related Terms: State, Law, Customary International Law, Private International Law, Law of Nations, [[[Jus Cogens], International Criminal Law

International Law Commission uv Lahz uv Omnio

The International Law Commission was established by the UN General Assembly, in 1947, to undertake the mandate of the Assembly, under
UN General Assembly article 13 (1) (a) of the Charter of the United Nations to "initiate studies and make recommendations for the purpose of … encouraging the progressive development of international law and its codification".

Object of the Commission

Article 1, paragraph 1, of the Statute of the International Law Commission provides that the “Commission shall have for its object the promotion of the progressive development of international law and its codification”. Article 15 of the statute makes a distinction “for convenience” between progressive development as meaning “the preparation of draft conventions on subjects which have not yet been regulated by international law or in regard to which the law has not yet been sufficiently developed in the practice of States” and codification as meaning “the more precise formulation and systematization of rules of international law in fields where there already has been extensive State practice, precedent and doctrine”. In practice, the Commission’s work on a topic usually involves some aspects of the progressive development as well as the codification of international law, with the balance between the two varying depending on the particular topic.

Although the drafters of the statute envisaged that somewhat different methods would be used in regard to progressive development, on the one hand, and codification, on the other, they thought it desirable to entrust both tasks to a single commission. Furthermore, they did not favour proposals for the setting up of separate commissions for public, for private and for international criminal law. Thus article 1, paragraph 2, of the statute states that the Commission “shall concern itself primarily with public international law, but is not precluded from entering the field of private international law”.

For more than sixty years, however, the Commission has worked almost exclusively in the field of public international law. In 1996, the Commission noted that in recent years it had not entered the field of private international law, except incidentally and in the course of work on subjects of public international law; moreover, it seemed unlikely that the Commission would be called upon to do so having regard to the work of bodies such as the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) and the Hague Conference on Private International Law.

The Commission has worked extensively in the field of international criminal law, beginning with the formulation of the Nürnberg principles and the consideration of the question of international criminal jurisdiction at its first session, in 1949, which culminated in the completion of the draft Statute for an International Criminal Court at its forty-sixth session, in 19944, and the draft Code of Crimes against the Peace and Security of Mankind at its forty-eighth session, in 19965. At its sixty-seventh session, in 2014, the Commission adopted the final report on the topic “the obligation to extradite or prosecute (aut dedere aut judicare)”. At the same session, the Commission decided to include the topic “Crimes against humanity” in its programme of work.