Thŭ Nĕkst Tĕkst Wŭz Frŭm:

History and Etymology for ethic

Middle English ethik, from Middle French ethique, from Latin ethice, from Greek ēthikē, from ēthikos

Definition of ethic

1 ethics plural in form but singular or plural in construction : the discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation

2a : a set of moral principles : a theory or system of moral values
—often used in plural but singular or plural in construction

b : ethics plural in form but singular or plural in construction : the principles of conduct governing an individual or a group
: a guiding philosophy

d : a consciousness of moral importance

3 : ethics plural : a set of moral issues or aspects (such as rightness)

Ethics vs Morals: Is there a difference?

Ethics and morals are both used in the plural and are often regarded as synonyms, but there is some distinction in how they are used.

Morals often describes one's particular values concerning what is right and what is wrong:

While ethics can refer broadly to moral principles, one often sees it applied to questions of correct behavior within a relatively narrow area of activity:

In addition, morals usually connotes an element of subjective preference, while ethics tends to suggest aspects of universal fairness and the question of whether or not an action is responsible:

Ethics Uhv Self Deefenss

Thŭ Nĕkst Tĕkst Wŭz Frŭm:

Self-defense as an ethical ideal

The pacifist dilemma is that non-violence leaves us, as individuals and communities, subject to oppression. One of the favoured examples against non-violence is that Ghandi’s ahimsa only worked because the British were not truly bad people. Ahimsa would never have succeeded against a more brutal regime like that of Nazi Germany. From a spiritual perspective, ahimsa is not about what ‘works’; arguing that non-violence ‘works’ or ‘doesn’t work’ presumes non-violence is about ‘working’, which it is not. Pacifists are generally resolved to embrace the bitter consequences of their philosophy, harbouring no illusions that their path can be both moral and utilitarian.

True pacifists deserve respect, but there is nonetheless a perfectly reasonable ethical distinction to be made between violence and self-defense. If my life and my health are good for me, then I have a right to enjoy these goods. Accordingly, no individual may have a countervailing right to harm these goods or take them away. Unjustified aggression is therefore ethically illegitimate, and the target of that aggression is right to defend against it, to protect their own life and the lives of others.

In defending against unjustified aggression, the target of our defensive actions is not the person, the aggressor, himself. Rather, our aim is the act of aggression, the violence. Hence a legitimate use of defensive force must be constrained by these ethical limits:

– it must be proportional to the threat.

A sense of threat is always somewhat subjective, but in ethics as in law, there is a ‘reasonable person test’ by which defensive actions will be judged. If someone shoves you at a party, it is not – all things being equal – proportional to hit him with a bar stool.

– any injury caused must be an unintended side-effect of self-defense.

In order to stop someone from hurting you or another innocent person, an appropriate use of defensive force may result in injuries to the aggressor. These injuries, though foreseeable, are considered ethically acceptable so long as one’s overriding intention is to defend, not to injure. In medical ethics this is known as the principle of double-effect, the recognition that good actions sometimes have foreseeable yet unintended negative effects.

Some people see self-defense as an excuse for violent retaliation, an opportunity to injure others with moral impunity. This is not true self-defense. If we do not abide by the principles of self-defense, we cannot walk away from a violent confrontation with a clear conscience.

At the same time there is something elegant about this view of self-defense: in merely defending the sphere of your own life and rights, it is the aggressor who bears moral responsibility for the harm and injuries that befall him as a result of his own violent intentions.

Ŏēkēdō Ĭz Wĭθ Ēŋgliʃ LĭsT Ŭv JŭsT Wŭn Ĉŏr Fōr Ēĉ Wŭn Spēĉ Săōnd

Thŭ Nĕkst Tĕkst Wŭz Frŭm:

The word "aikido" is formed of three kanji:

– ai – joining, unifying, combining, fitting
– ki – spirit, energy, mood, morale
– dō – way, path

Thŭ Nĕkst Tĕkst Wŭz Frŭm:

What is Aikido?

Aikido is a powerful martial art developed throughout the mid 20th century by a Japanese named Morihei Ueshiba.

Aikido differs from most other martial arts in that the practitioner seeks to achieve self-defense without injury to attackers.

Furthermore, there are no competitions or tournaments in Aikido. Therefore, Aikido is non-competitive…

Instead of using potentially crippling kicks or punches, the Aikido student trains to apply various wristlocks, arm pins, or unbalancing throws to neutralize aggressors without injury.

Aikido is a 100% defensive martial art.

The so-called "attacks" taught in Aikido are merely for purposes of learning to defend against those attacks rather than for the purpose of injuring an opponent.

Thuh Mōst Kümmpăshŭnnĕt Străttĕjjē Uhv FyTeeng Iz ( Ŏ-ēēkēēdō = Ahkeedoh = [[[Aikidp]] ) Jĕntül Sĕlf Dēfĕnss ĂttĭTTūd Ănd Sĭstĕm Wĭĉ Myt Ĭnklūd Thŭ Tēchēngz:

1: Try Tū Nŏn-kŏz Sŭfrēēng Tu Ĕnnēē Ŭttăkr.
2: Prĕf Tū Flēē Ðăn Tū Fyt.
3: Prĕf Tū Dŏj Ðăn Tū Blŏk.
4: Prĕf Tū Blŏk Ðăn Tū ŬTTăk.

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd Ahkeedoh.

Justiffyubul Hommissyd

Thuh NeksT TekST Wuhz Fruhm:

The concept of justifiable homicide in criminal law is a defense to culpable homicide (criminal or negligent homicide), and requires exculpatory evidence in the legal defense of justification. In most countries, a homicide is justified when there is sufficient evidence to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that it was reasonable for the subject to believe that there was an imminent and otherwise unavoidable danger of death or grave bodily harm to the innocent. A homicide in this instance is blameless[1] and distinct from the less stringent criteria authorizing deadly force in stand your ground rulings.

Thuh NeksT TekST Wuhz Fruhm:

RCWs > Title 9A > Chapter 9A.16 > Section 9A.16.050

RCW 9A.16.050: Homicide—By other person—When justifiable.

Homicide is also justifiable when committed either:

(1) In the lawful defense of the slayer, or his or her husband, wife, parent, child, brother, or sister, or of any other person in his or her presence or company, when there is reasonable ground to apprehend a design on the part of the person slain to commit a felony or to do some great personal injury to the slayer or to any such person, and there is imminent danger of such design being accomplished; or

(2) In the actual resistance of an attempt to commit a felony upon the slayer, in his or her presence, or upon or in a dwelling, or other place of abode, in which he or she is.


Thuh NeksT TekST Wuhz Fruhm:

Felony Law and Legal Definition

Felonies are serious crimes, such as murder, rape, or burglary, punishable by a harsher sentence than that given for a misdemeanor… In general, a felony is an offense for which a sentence to a term of imprisonment in excess of one year is authorized.

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd Fehluhnee.

Thĭs Ĭz Thŭ Lăst Lyn Ŭv Tĕkst Ĭn Thŭ Păēj Năēmd Justiffyubul Hommissyd.

Pure JusT WarrenTs For Searches And ArresTs

Peeuur JusT WohrehnTs Fohr Srch AkTs And UhrehsTs

RTh SiTTizzen RyT 12: Safety of person from arbitrary or unreasonable arrest, detention, exile, search or seizure;

ReekwyrmehnT Uhv WohrehnTs Fohr Srch AkTs And UhrehsTs.

Thehr Ahr SimpLee Now 2 Lrnd JusT Reezuhnz Fohr Uh Srch WohrehnT.

1: If { Ther Wuhz Uh SeLf giltee Uhv AkTeeng OwT Uh Kung Fu FyT Skill Typ Deskrybd Az uhtak With Wuhn wehpuhn tuul Ohr mohr than wuhn wehpuhn tuulz that myt ( hahrm = ( { injur ( Uh Lyv BeesT ohr Human WiTH Wrkeeng Nrvz ) } ohr|and { dammejyz ( Uh Muhsheen WiTh Wrkeeng EeLekTronniks ) } leeveeng uh ( hahrmd = ( injurd wuund ohr damajd damaj ) ) that kozd Less Fuhngkshuhn Uhv ThaT Wrkeeng Tek } ThaT Wuhz Pruuvd By ( FohToh Ohr|And Vid Ohr|And [ Uh hahrmd VikTim'z Reekohrded STaeeTmenT ] Ohr|And [ Uh WiTness'z Reekohrded STaeeTmenT ] ) Ehvihdehnss Pruuveeng ThaT an ObjekTiv hahrm uhsult vyohlaeeshuhn krym uhkrd } Then ThaT krym Ehvihdehnss Shood GeT Eeuuzd Az Baeesis Fohr Uh ** WohrehnT Fohr JusT Seezhur Uhv [ Eech And Ehvree ] hahrm uhsult wehpuhn Uhv Thuh spehsiffik [ typ ohr typs ] pruuvd tu hav got eewzd tu kuhmit thuh hahrm uhsult krym**.

2: If Ther Iz A Self Huu Iz InnuhsenT Uhv hahrm-wehpuhn-uhsult with ThaT SehLf's JusTLee Uhkwyrd Tu Ohn ProppurTee Wich got unreezuhnuhbullee ahrbitrehrihlee theft seezd Then ThaT theft rongd InnuhsenT SeLF MyT LisT [ Eech And Ehvree ] theft stohld AeeTem And SpehsihfihkuLLee How ThaT AeeTem Wuhz JusTLee Uhkwyred, PreefurruhbLee WiTh uh ReeseeT. THaT JusT[[Lee]]] Uhkwyrd LisT ReepohrT Shood GeT InvesTihgaeeTed Tu Vehrihfy THuh Degree Uhv ITs VaLLihdihTee Then Tu Thuh Degree VaLidaeeTed Eeuuzd Az Thuh Baeesis Fohr Thuh Ishuuanss Uhv Uh WohrehnT Fohr Reezuhnd JusT Seezhur Uhv ThefT STohL ProprTee

Ther Ahr Now 2 Lrnd JusT Reezuhnz Fohr An UhrehsT WohrehnT:

1: Thuh FrsT Iz Tu Az Suun Az PossihbuL STop Uhv hahrm uhsult vyohlaeeshuhn krym And Therby PreevenT Thuh kuhnTihnuueeng uhv hahrm uhsult krym akts;
2:0: Thuh Sehkuhnd Iz If Wen ( { uh pland mrdr } ohr {multi pland mrdrz } ) haz uhkrd Then Shood InvesTihgaeeshuhn Syenss Branch Kyndz Deskrybd Az DeeTekTiv Fohrenzikss PrakTiss AkTss Uhkr ReezuLTeeng WiTh HohpfuLLee UhresTeeng { theft and|ohr uhsuLt and|ohr raeep and|or mrdr } suspektss.

DeeTekTiv Fohrenzikss Branch Kyndz Deskrybd AT fohr UhresTing { theft and|ohr uhsuLt=assult and|ohr raeep=rape and|ohr mrdr=murder } suspects:

{ theft and|ohr uhsuLt and|ohr raeep and|ohr mrdr } krym PLaeess InvesTihgaeeshuhn

Evidence collection


WiTness Intrveewz

ReepohrT RyTeeng

Record keeping

Writing probable cause affidavits

Preparing arrest warrants

Courtroom testimony

Preparing and executing search warrants

UhresTeeng ( ThefT and|eethr raeep=rape And|AiThr UhsuLT And|AiThr Mrdr ) SuspekTs

KohrT Fohrenziks TryuL

KohrT Juj Adjuudihkaeeshuhn

KohrT Jurree { DeeLibraeeshuhnz Then KuhnkLuuzhuhnz }

Krym SuhspekT { PeenuLyzd PehnuLTee And|Ohr ReeLeesT }

Krym PehnuLTeez InkLuud:

Ishuu Peeuur JusT WahrenT Tu:

Seez Theef ThefT STohL Suudoh-ProprTee

And|AeeThr Uhsess STohL ProprTee WrTh Az Neg DeT BaLLanss Uhv Nuu DeT UhkownT Uhv Hyrd DeT KohLehkshuhn Aeejehnsee Tu GradjuuaLLee RehgeeuuLrLee KohLehkT DeT PaeemehnTs Tu GeT Fohrwrded Tu STohL Fruhm VikTim.

And|AeeThr Seez Hahrm UhsuLT Wehpuhn Ohr Wehpuhnz

And|AeeThr Koz Eech Pruuvd UhsuLT Ohpressohr And Eech raeep akt vyohlaeetr And Eech KuhnvikTed Mrdrur Tu Bee { Took Tu Then PuT In Then LokT In } JaeeL Fohr:

Pluhs|eethr Uh ShohrT Peereeuhd Fohr Wuhn uhsult beetrayul krym

Pluhs|Eethr a short peereeuhd for 1 raeep krym

Pluhs|eeThr Uh Mohr Long Peereeuhd Fohr muLty-uhsuLt tohrchr Ohpreshuhn beetrayul krym

Pluhs|eeThr Uh KohrT Juj Chohz Peereeuhd fohr kuhvikshuhn uhv wuhn rape akt dehskrybd az: If uh ReejehkTor [Heeuumuhn]]] Duhz kom ( ReejehkTeeng = No Ohr Synuhnym Uhv No Lyk Wuhn Ohr Mohr Uhv Thohz AT ) Tu Uh ReejehkTed Sex Fuk AkT By Uh Dif ReejehkT [[Heeuumuhmn]]] Then if that reejekt duz fuk vyohlaeet into that rejekted sex fuk akt tu ThaT ReejehkTohr VikTim human Then that iz sex vyohlaeeshhn rape fuk sex uhbeewss akt beetrayeeng that reelaeeshuhnship.

Pluhs|eeThr a Mohr long peereeuhd for multy-raeep sex vyohlaeeshuhnz

Pluhs|eeThr uh mohr Mohr long peereeuhd for mohr multy-raeep sex vyohlaeeshuhnz

Ohr Fohr Thuh ResT Uhv Thuh LyfTym Fohr A deelihbureht mrdrur konvikt kuhnvikted Uhv less mrdrz Than ( DuhbuL Thuh GLohbuL Nuhmbr Uhv spureeuhss kuhnvikshuhnz uhv wuhn IhnuhsenT SuspekT uhv deeLihbureht mrdr ).

Ohr If Uh DeeLihburehT Mass-Mrdrur KonvikT Wuhz KuhnvikTed Uhv ( duhbul thuh GLohbuL nuhmbr uhv spureeuhss kuhnvikshuhnz uhv wuhn IhnuhsenT SuspekT uhv deeLihburehT mrdr ) then shood issuu uh deth wahrehnt tu koz that duhbuL GLohbuL spureeuhss mass mrdrurz kovikt tu get put in a min kruuehl leethul eeLehktrik chehr that wehn trnd on duz koz min suhfreeng then leest suun deth.

Thiss Iz Thuh Last Lyn Uhv Tekst In Thuh Paeej Naeemd " Ethics ".