Constitution

Konstittuushuhn.

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌkɒnstɪˈtjuːʃən/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˌkɑnstɪˈtuʃən/

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Etymology

Borrowing from Old French constitucion (French constitution), from Latin cōnstitūtiō, cōnstitūtiōnem.

Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Constitution Definition:

The basic, fundamental law of a state which sets out how that state will be organized and the powers and authorities of government between different political units and citizens.

Related Terms: …Government, Constitutional Law

The basic law or laws of a nation or a state which sets out how that state will be organized by deciding the powers and authorities of government between different political units, and by stating the basic law-making and structural principles of society.

The primary contract or law by which the government of a nation or state is set out and organized.

The constitution is colloquially referred to as the "#1 law of the land"; to which all of government, citizens, corporate persons and other laws must defer in the event of any conflict.


Thuh Nekst Tekst Wuhz Fruhm:

Constitutions

Although governments are instituted among men to protect individual rights, history has shown that governments often become the largest threat to those rights. Knowing that unlimited, arbitrary power of the government is dangerous, men found a partial solution. They called the solution a constitution.

A constitution is a set of laws that specifically apply to the government. A properly constructed constitution limits the power of a government by specifying which actions they are allowed to take, and disallowing all others. The founding fathers of the United States were the first to create such a constitution. They additionally added a list of rights that specifically prevented the government from certain kinds of actions. The Bill of Rights, though, was redundant. The government had no power to do anything that wasn't specifically designated to it.

A piece of paper cannot protect people from a tyranny, of course. It did have a number of positive effects. The first was that it defined limits on the government that everyone had access to. In this way, if the government attempted to reach beyond its limits, the people had clear, objective grounds for resisting it. This allowed for easier organization against violations of their rights, and made them stronger and more confident in dealing with their representatives.

The second effect was that, through legal channels, a citizen could challenge any particular government act. Without a constitution, there was no way of arguing against an act by government. The government had unlimited power. A constitution invalidates that premise. It makes clear that even the government is constrained by the law. In the past, governments were above the law. No longer.

There are many varieties of constitutions now in existence. Most of them are not constitutions at all, but documents that attempt to hide under the umbrella of legitimacy provided by the US Constitution. For instance, the Soviet Union had a constitution. It was a document saying the Soviet government could do anything it wanted, without limit. This is nothing more than a document asserting the government's claim to power.

To keep things clear, a constitution has the following properties. It is a limit on the government, denying absolute or arbitrary power. It applies to the government specifically, and not to the people qua citizens. It enumerates particular powers the government has, and denies all others. It is written as law, and cannot be changed by the government itself.

Moreover, a proper constitution would have these additional criteria. The enumerated powers all specifically defend individual rights. All powers are further constrained to not violate individuals rights themselves. The constitution should be interpreted in light of its duty to protect individual rights, and if there is ever a question of meaning, the one that conforms to individual rights must be accepted.


RTh KonsTiTTuushuhn


Thuh Trm RTh Fed KonsTihTuushuhn Iz Thuh KonsepT Uhbreeveeaeeshuhn Uhv ITs FuLL Naeem:

ConsTiTuTion for the FederaTion of EarTh

See: OhfishuL Breef HisTory Uhv Thuh Ohrihjin Uhv Thuh Rth Fed KonsTihTuushuhn

Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Fruhm:

The ConsTiTuTion for the FederaTion of EarTh - 'The Earth Constitution'

PREAMBLE
Realizing that Humanity today has come to a turning point in history and that we are on the threshold of a new world order which promises to usher in an era of peace, prosperity, justice and harmony;

Aware of the interdependence of people, nations and all life;

Aware that man's abuse of science and technology has brought Humanity to the brink of disaster through the production of horrendous weaponry of mass destruction and to the brink of ecological and social catastrophe;

Aware that the traditional concept of security through military defense is a total illusion both for the present and for the future;

Aware of the misery and conflicts caused by ever increasing disparity between rich and poor;

Conscious of our obligation to posterity to save Humanity from imminent and total annihilation;

Conscious that Humanity is One despite the existence of diverse nations, races, creeds, ideologies and cultures and that the principle of unity in diversity is the basis for a new age when war shall be outlawed and peace prevail; when the earth's total resources shall be equitably used for human welfare; and when basic human rights and responsibilities shall be shared by all without discrimination;
Conscious of the inescapable reality that the greatest hope for the survival of life on earth is the establishment of a democratic world government;

We, citizens of the world, hereby resolve to establish a world federation] to be governed in accordance with this constitution for the Federation of Earth.

Article 1 ‑ Broad Functions of the World Government: Wrld Guvrnment Fungshunz
Article 2 ‑ Basic Structure of World Federation and World Government:
Wrld Fed Guvernment Strukt
Article 3 ‑ Organs of the World Government: Wrld Guvrnment Ohrganz
Article 4 ‑ Grant of Specific Powers to the World Government: Wrld Guvrnment Powrz
Article 5 ‑ World Parliament
Article 6 ‑ The World Executive
Article 7 ‑ The World Administration
Article 8 ‑ The Integrative Complex
Article 9 ‑ The World Judiciary
Article 10 ‑ The Enforcement System
Article 11 ‑ The World Ombudsmus
Article 12 ‑ OhridjihnuL TekST: Bill of Rights for the Citizens of Earth
Article 12.1 ‑ WiTh Vrss Numbrz And CommenTehree AT: RTh SihTihZen RyTs
Article 13 ‑ Directive Principles for the World Government: Wrld Guvernment Dyrekshun
Article 14 ‑ Safeguards and Reservations
Article 15 ‑ World Federal Zones and the World Capitals: Federal Zones and Capitals
Article 16 ‑ World Territories and Exterior Relations
Article 17 ‑ Ratification and Implementation
Article 18 ‑ AmendmenTs: UhmendmenTs Tu Thuh RTh KonsTiTwshun
Article 19 ‑ Provisional World Government

End of the Constitution

WP%20Diagram.jpg

Thuh NexT TekST Wuhz Fruhm:

(The Constitution for the Federation of Earth was originally ratified at the second session of the World Constituent Assembly held at Innsbruck, Austria in June, 1977; and was amended and ratified at the fourth session of the World Constituent Assembly held at Troia, Portugal in May 1991. The Amended Constitution is being personally ratified by outstanding personalities throughout the world as the campaign for ratification by the people and governments of the world continues.)

CALL to the GLOBAL RATIFICATION and ELECTIONS CAMPAIGN

In the course of history, particularly during the past several hundred years, the technique of a Constituent Assembly has been developed and used under various circumstances as a means to devise the constitutions for democratic governments, either to create new governments where none existed before or to replace old or crumbling governments under both peaceful and revolutionary situations.

Sometimes such assemblies have been appointed by existing governments. At other times, under the most favorable circumstances, such assemblies have been elected by vote of established electorates. But at other times such assemblies have been composed and convened under circumstances where only a limited number of people of the country or areas involved actually took part in the selection of delegates. Only a small minority of any electorate might actually participate during the time when a new democratic government is emerging under conditions of revolution from tyranny or of external image arrow-10x10.png turmoil or urgent crises; or in the absence of any organized political system which was willing or able to supervise a vote of the total potential electorate for such an assembly or newly emerging democratic government.

It is under the later kind of circumstances that the move has gone forward during the years since World War II for the external image arrow-10x10.png of a World Constituent Assembly to devise the constitution for a democratic form of federal world government. No previous world government or competent world authority has existed to organize or supervise elections to such a World Constituent Assembly. No universally approved electoral lists exist for the conduct of such elections. Existing national governments heretofore have proved unwilling or uninterested or hostile or otherwise unable to assist in either the appointment or election of working delegates to such a World Constituent Assembly, despite numerous appeals ‑‑ although these appeals are continuing.

This Constitution has been translated into twenty-two languages and distributed world-wide for study, debates, and organizing by the citizens of Earth.

Under Article XIX of the Constitution Provisional World Parliaments are being held in various locations around the world to begin the process of elaboration of world law as a model and an incentive for the people of the Earth to assert their sovereignty and begin an official World Parliament upon ratification of this Constitution. These have been organized by the World Constitution and Parliament Association and The Institute on World Problems.

[http://www.radford.edu/~gmartin/Parliament%20history.htm#The_Authority_and_Legitimacy_of_the_Earth_Constitution The Authority and Legitimacy of the Earth Constitution: Response to Basic Questions (by Eugenia Almand)]

http://www.radford.edu/~gmartin/Parliament%20history.htm#The_Relationship_of_the_Earth_Constitution

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