AnTi Kruusiffikshuhn Izm

AnTi Kruusiffikshuhn Izm


Anti- = UhgehnsT


Note: A kruussiffikshuhn Shood NEVR be kuhnsidrd tu be a leegul pennaltee,

  • Kuz Krussiffikshuhn iz tohrchr till mrdrd wich iz ahlwayz a Vyohlayshuhn that iz deelibret kuhntinyuud rongeeng by tohrchr.

Thuh NeksT TekST Wuhz Fruhm:

As a method of execution, in which the condemned prisoner is tied or nailed to a large tree or wooden cross and left to hang there until dead, crucifixion is perhaps the death penalty at its worst…


Thuh NeksT TekST Wuhz Fruhm:

Crucifixion…Definition

Crucifixion (صلبه salb) typically refers to the painful method of execution and/or torture by tying and/or nailing someone to a cross, stake or tree. It can also refer to the method of public display of a body after execution.


wrd kruusiffikshuhn Deskrybd next az:

  • ( t->oh->r->ch->r spohk fohrm hv wrd torchure ) victim
    • with ( k->r->r->ū->s->ĭ->f->ĭ->k->s -> kruusiffikss nohrm soeld az "crusifix" )
      • ( "tohrchr wehpuhn" nohrm speld az "torchure weapon" )
    • with prpuss tu mrdr victim with kruusiffix ( mrdr wehpuhn nohrm speld az "mrdr wehpuhn

Thuh NeksT TekST Wuhz Fruhm:

Question: "What is the [ Earliest ] history of crucifixion? …"

Answer: …

The earliest historical record of crucifixion dates to c. 519 BC, when King Darius I of Persia crucified 3,000 of his political enemies in Babylon.

Before the Persians, the Assyrians were known to impale people.

The Greeks and Carthaginians later used crucifixion, as well.

After the break-up of Alexander the Great’s empire, the Seleucid Antiochus IV Epiphanes crucified Jews who refused to accept Hellenization.


Ideal:

I Wish I Kood Go Bak Tu Beefohr Thuh Frst Kruusiffikshuhnz And Teech AnTi Kruusiffikshuhn Izm Spessiffikkullee, GLohBuL SihvihLyzeeng Shood ILLeeguLyz Kruusiffikshuhn By Deevelluhpeeng Tu Avert Thuh Frst Kruusiffikshuhnz, Hohpfullee Therby Tryeeng Tu Avert Evree Followeeng Kruusiffikshuhn…


GLobaL CiviLizing ShouLd ILLeegaLize Crucifixion

GLohBuL SihvihLyzeeng Shood ILLeeguLyz Kruusiffikshuhn

* Uhv AnTi eech display uhv kruusiffikss shaeep
* Uhv Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT PuT OwT SmahL T

1: PeepuL On Ehnee PLaneT Uv Thuh Tranz FynyT Numbr Uhv PLaneTs

  • In Thuh EeTrnuL And Tranz FynyT 3 DimmenshuhnuL Omnivrss,
    • Sum Uv Thohz PeepuL On ThaT PLaneT MyT Sum Tym lrn
      • thuh troo bad rong ( crucifixion spohk az kruusiffikshuhn ) vyohlaeeshuhn process
        • dehskrybd az eewwz evil ( crucifix spphk az kruusiffiks )

1: az tohrchr wehpuhm in wut Iz Now KahLd tohrchr krym and
2: az mrdr wehpuhn with prpuhss tu uhkomplish wut Iz Now KahLd mrdr krym.

2. EevenchoouLeee Thuh EvuLooshun Uv Proh GLohbuL SivviLyzeeng Peewrificaeeshuhn Twohrdz Uh Peer Good JusT SivviLyzeayshuhn Shood DevveLuhp ( IntrnashuhnuL Then GlohbuL ) AnTi Tohrcr Krym Lahz And AnTi Mrdr Krym Lahz.

3. This Prohvydz Thuh Baysis Fohr ( InTrnashuhnul AnTi Kruusiffikshuhn Krym Lahz Then GlohbuL AnTi Kruusiffikshuhn Krym Lahz Tu STop And Preevent kruusiffikshun Fohr ( Ehnee And Ehvree ) Prsun On ThaT GLohb.


InTrnashuhnul AnTi Kruusiffikshuhn Krym Lahz Uhv AnTi Kruusiffikshuhn Izm

InTrnashuhnul Lah Torchr Mrdr Krymz Uhgehnst Heewmannittee


Table of Contents

Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Fruhm:

ROME STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT

Fruhm Payjez 4 & 5

Article 7. Crimes against humanity

1. For the purpose of this Statute, "crime against humanity" means any of the follow-ing acts when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack;

(a) Murder;

(e) Imprisonment or other severe deprivation of physical liberty in violation of funda-mental rules of international law;

(f) Torture;

2. For the purpose of paragraph 1:

(a) "Attack directed against any civilian population" means a course of conduct in-volving the multiple commission of acts referred to in paragraph 1 against any civilian pop-ulation, pursuant to or in furtherance of a State or organizational policy to commit such attack;

(e) "Torture", means the intentional infliction of severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, upon a person in the custody or under the control of the accused; except that torture shall not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidentalto, lawful sanctions;

Fruhm Payj 5 & 8

Article 8. War crimes

1. The Court shall have jurisdiction in respect of war crimes in particular when com-mitted as part of a plan or policy or as part of a large-scale commission of such crimes.

2. For the purpose of this Statute, "war crimes" means:

(a) Grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, namely, any of the following acts against persons or property protected under the provisions of the relevant Geneva Convention:

(i) Wilful killing;

(ii) Torture or inhuman treatment, including biological experiments;

(c) In the case of an armed conflict not of an international character, serious violationsof article 3 common to the four Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, namely, any of the following acts committed against persons taking no active part in the hostilities, includ-ing members of armed forces who have laid down their arms and those placed hors de com-bat by sickness, wounds, detention or any other cause:

(i) Violence to life and person, in particular murder of all kinds, mutilation, crueltreatment and torture

Fruhm Payj 31:

Article 55. Rights of persons during an investigation1. In respect of an investigation under this Statute, a person:

(a) Shall not be compelled to incriminate himself or herself or to confess guilt;

(b) Shall not be subjected to any form of coercion, duress or threat, to torture or to anyother form of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment;


Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Fruhm:

Crimes against humanity under international law

Crimes against humanity appeared for the first time in a treaty in the 1945 Nuremberg Charter at the end of the Second World War, albeit with a different definition than today.

Since the 1990s, crimes against humanity have been codified in different international treaties such as the Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (1993), the Statute of the International Tribunal for Rwanda (1994) and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (1998). The Rome Statute provides the most recent and most expansive list of specific criminal acts that may constitute crimes against humanity.

Unlike other human rights violations, war crimes do not engage State responsibility but individual criminal responsibility. This means that individuals can be tried and found personally responsible for these crimes.

Prohibited acts include:

Murder

Extermination
Enslavement
Deportation or forcible transfer of population
Imprisonment

Torture

Sexual violence
Persecution against an identifiable group
Enforced disappearance of persons
The crime of apartheid
Other inhumane acts of a similar character intentionally causing great suffering, or serious injury to body or to mental or physical health


Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Frum:

international criminal law

Crime against humanity

Written By: Richard Vernon

Crime against humanity, an offense in international criminal law, adopted in the Charter of the International Military Tribunal (Nürnberg Charter), which tried surviving Nazi leaders in 1945, and was, in 1998, incorporated into the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC).

Crimes against humanity

consist of various acts—murder, extermination, enslavement, **torture**,

forcible transfers of populations, imprisonment, rape, persecution, enforced disappearance, and apartheid, among others—when, according to the ICC , those are “committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population.”


Suhmuhree:

Mr. Semanza participated in murder and torture and rape

found guilty of a crime against humanity for his rape, torture, and murder

ThaT Wuhz Uh Suhmuhree Uhv Thuh NeksT TeksT.

Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Frum:

Mr. Semanza was a former mayor of Bicumbi commune, and was accused of aiding and abetting genocide in connection with two massacres of Tutsis. He was specifically alleged to have directly participated in murder and torture, and for inciting a crowd to rape Tutsi women prior to killing them, and to have personally participated in the same. The Trial Chamber found that Mr. Semanza was guilty of a crime against humanity for his rape, torture, and murder of Tutsi women.


U N Convention Against Torture And Simmilr Bad Rongz

UniTed NaTions Heeuumuhn RyTss

Saym Free PDF DownLoad Uhv Thuh Saym TexT Shohn BeeLLoh Fruhm ĒThr:

Followieeng TexT Frum https://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CAT.aspx

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 39/46 of 10 December 1984
entry into force 26 June 1987, in accordance with article 27 (1)

The States Parties to this Convention,

Considering that, in accordance with the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations, recognition of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,

Recognizing that those rights derive from the inherent dignity of the human person,

Considering the obligation of States under the Charter, in particular Article 55, to promote universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms,

Having regard to article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and article 7 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, both of which provide that no one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment,

Having regard also to the Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, adopted by the General Assembly on 9 December 1975,

Desiring to make more effective the struggle against torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment throughout the world,

Have agreed as follows:

PART I

Article 1

1. For the purposes of this Convention, the term "torture" means any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. It does not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidental to lawful sanctions.

2. This article is without prejudice to any international instrument or national legislation which does or may contain provisions of wider application.

Article 2

1. Each State Party shall take effective legislative, administrative, judicial or other measures to prevent acts of torture in any territory under its jurisdiction.

2. No exceptional circumstances whatsoever, whether a state of war or a threat of war, internal political instability or any other public emergency, may be invoked as a justification of torture.

3. An order from a superior officer or a public authority may not be invoked as a justification of torture.

Article 3

1. No State Party shall expel, return ("refouler") or extradite a person to another State where there are substantial grounds for believing that he would be in danger of being subjected to torture.

2. For the purpose of determining whether there are such grounds, the competent authorities shall take into account all relevant considerations including, where applicable, the existence in the State concerned of a consistent pattern of gross, flagrant or mass violations of human rights.

Article 4
1. Each State Party shall ensure that all acts of torture are offences under its criminal law. The same shall apply to an attempt to commit torture and to an act by any person which constitutes complicity or participation in torture. 2. Each State Party shall make these offences punishable by appropriate penalties which take into account their grave nature.

Article 5
1. Each State Party shall take such measures as may be necessary to establish its jurisdiction over the offences referred to in article 4 in the following cases:

(a) When the offences are committed in any territory under its jurisdiction or on board a ship or aircraft registered in that State;

(b) When the alleged offender is a national of that State;

(c) When the victim is a national of that State if that State considers it appropriate.

2. Each State Party shall likewise take such measures as may be necessary to establish its jurisdiction over such offences in cases where the alleged offender is present in any territory under its jurisdiction and it does not extradite him pursuant to article 8 to any of the States mentioned in paragraph I of this article.

3. This Convention does not exclude any criminal jurisdiction exercised in accordance with internal law.

Article 6

1. Upon being satisfied, after an examination of information available to it, that the circumstances so warrant, any State Party in whose territory a person alleged to have committed any offence referred to in article 4 is present shall take him into custody or take other legal measures to ensure his presence. The custody and other legal measures shall be as provided in the law of that State but may be continued only for such time as is necessary to enable any criminal or extradition proceedings to be instituted.

2. Such State shall immediately make a preliminary inquiry into the facts.

3. Any person in custody pursuant to paragraph I of this article shall be assisted in communicating immediately with the nearest appropriate representative of the State of which he is a national, or, if he is a stateless person, with the representative of the State where he usually resides.

4. When a State, pursuant to this article, has taken a person into custody, it shall immediately notify the States referred to in article 5, paragraph 1, of the fact that such person is in custody and of the circumstances which warrant his detention. The State which makes the preliminary inquiry contemplated in paragraph 2 of this article shall promptly report its findings to the said States and shall indicate whether it intends to exercise jurisdiction.

Article 7

1. The State Party in the territory under whose jurisdiction a person alleged to have committed any offence referred to in article 4 is found shall in the cases contemplated in article 5, if it does not extradite him, submit the case to its competent authorities for the purpose of prosecution.

2. These authorities shall take their decision in the same manner as in the case of any ordinary offence of a serious nature under the law of that State. In the cases referred to in article 5, paragraph 2, the standards of evidence required for prosecution and conviction shall in no way be less stringent than those which apply in the cases referred to in article 5, paragraph 1.

3. Any person regarding whom proceedings are brought in connection with any of the offences referred to in article 4 shall be guaranteed fair treatment at all stages of the proceedings.

Article 8

1. The offences referred to in article 4 shall be deemed to be included as extraditable offences in any extradition treaty existing between States Parties. States Parties undertake to include such offences as extraditable offences in every extradition treaty to be concluded between them.

2. If a State Party which makes extradition conditional on the existence of a treaty receives a request for extradition from another State Party with which it has no extradition treaty, it may consider this Convention as the legal basis for extradition in respect of such offences. Extradition shall be subject to the other conditions provided by the law of the requested State.

3. States Parties which do not make extradition conditional on the existence of a treaty shall recognize such offences as extraditable offences between themselves subject to the conditions provided by the law of the requested State.

4. Such offences shall be treated, for the purpose of extradition between States Parties, as if they had been committed not only in the place in which they occurred but also in the territories of the States required to establish their jurisdiction in accordance with article 5, paragraph 1.

Article 9

1. States Parties shall afford one another the greatest measure of assistance in connection with criminal proceedings brought in respect of any of the offences referred to in article 4, including the supply of all evidence at their disposal necessary for the proceedings.

2. States Parties shall carry out their obligations under paragraph I of this article in conformity with any treaties on mutual judicial assistance that may exist between them.

Article 10

1. Each State Party shall ensure that education and information regarding the prohibition against torture are fully included in the training of law enforcement personnel, civil or military, medical personnel, public officials and other persons who may be involved in the custody, interrogation or treatment of any individual subjected to any form of arrest, detention or imprisonment.

2. Each State Party shall include this prohibition in the rules or instructions issued in regard to the duties and functions of any such person.

Article 11
Each State Party shall keep under systematic review interrogation rules, instructions, methods and practices as well as arrangements for the custody and treatment of persons subjected to any form of arrest, detention or imprisonment in any territory under its jurisdiction, with a view to preventing any cases of torture.

Article 12
Each State Party shall ensure that its competent authorities proceed to a prompt and impartial investigation, wherever there is reasonable ground to believe that an act of torture has been committed in any territory under its jurisdiction.

Article 13
Each State Party shall ensure that any individual who alleges he has been subjected to torture in any territory under its jurisdiction has the right to complain to, and to have his case promptly and impartially examined by, its competent authorities. Steps shall be taken to ensure that the complainant and witnesses are protected against all ill-treatment or intimidation as a consequence of his complaint or any evidence given.

Article 14

1. Each State Party shall ensure in its legal system that the victim of an act of torture obtains redress and has an enforceable right to fair and adequate compensation, including the means for as full rehabilitation as possible. In the event of the death of the victim as a result of an act of torture, his dependants shall be entitled to compensation.

2. Nothing in this article shall affect any right of the victim or other persons to compensation which may exist under national law.

Article 15
Each State Party shall ensure that any statement which is established to have been made as a result of torture shall not be invoked as evidence in any proceedings, except against a person accused of torture as evidence that the statement was made.

Article 16

1. Each State Party shall undertake to prevent in any territory under its jurisdiction other acts of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment which do not amount to torture as defined in article I, when such acts are committed by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. In particular, the obligations contained in articles 10, 11, 12 and 13 shall apply with the substitution for references to torture of references to other forms of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

2. The provisions of this Convention are without prejudice to the provisions of any other international instrument or national law which prohibits cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment or which relates to extradition or expulsion.

PART II

Article 17

1. There shall be established a Committee against Torture (hereinafter referred to as the Committee) which shall carry out the functions hereinafter provided. The Committee shall consist of ten experts of high moral standing and recognized competence in the field of human rights, who shall serve in their personal capacity. The experts shall be elected by the States Parties, consideration being given to equitable geographical distribution and to the usefulness of the participation of some persons having legal experience.

2. The members of the Committee shall be elected by secret ballot from a list of persons nominated by States Parties. Each State Party may nominate one person from among its own nationals. States Parties shall bear in mind the usefulness of nominating persons who are also members of the Human Rights Committee established under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and who are willing to serve on the Committee against Torture.

3. Elections of the members of the Committee shall be held at biennial meetings of States Parties convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. At those meetings, for which two thirds of the States Parties shall constitute a quorum, the persons elected to the Committee shall be those who obtain the largest number of votes and an absolute majority of the votes of the representatives of States Parties present and voting.

4. The initial election shall be held no later than six months after the date of the entry into force of this Convention. At. Ieast four months before the date of each election, the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall address a letter to the States Parties inviting them to submit their nominations within three months. The Secretary-General shall prepare a list in alphabetical order of all persons thus nominated, indicating the States Parties which have nominated them, and shall submit it to the States Parties.

5. The members of the Committee shall be elected for a term of four years. They shall be eligible for re-election if renominated. However, the term of five of the members elected at the first election shall expire at the end of two years; immediately after the first election the names of these five members shall be chosen by lot by the chairman of the meeting referred to in paragraph 3 of this article.

6. If a member of the Committee dies or resigns or for any other cause can no longer perform his Committee duties, the State Party which nominated him shall appoint another expert from among its nationals to serve for the remainder of his term, subject to the approval of the majority of the States Parties. The approval shall be considered given unless half or more of the States Parties respond negatively within six weeks after having been informed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations of the proposed appointment.

7. States Parties shall be responsible for the expenses of the members of the Committee while they are in performance of Committee duties.

Article 18

1. The Committee shall elect its officers for a term of two years. They may be re-elected.

2. The Committee shall establish its own rules of procedure, but these rules shall provide, inter alia, that:

(a) Six members shall constitute a quorum;

(b) Decisions of the Committee shall be made by a majority vote of the members present.

3. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall provide the necessary staff and facilities for the effective performance of the functions of the Committee under this Convention.

4. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall convene the initial meeting of the Committee. After its initial meeting, the Committee shall meet at such times as shall be provided in its rules of procedure.

5. The States Parties shall be responsible for expenses incurred in connection with the holding of meetings of the States Parties and of the Committee, including reimbursement to the United Nations for any expenses, such as the cost of staff and facilities, incurred by the United Nations pursuant to paragraph 3 of this article.

Article 19

1. The States Parties shall submit to the Committee, through the Secretary-General of the United Nations, reports on the measures they have taken to give effect to their undertakings under this Convention, within one year after the entry into force of the Convention for the State Party concerned. Thereafter the States Parties shall submit supplementary reports every four years on any new measures taken and such other reports as the Committee may request.

2. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall transmit the reports to all States Parties.

3. Each report shall be considered by the Committee which may make such general comments on the report as it may consider appropriate and shall forward these to the State Party concerned. That State Party may respond with any observations it chooses to the Committee.

4. The Committee may, at its discretion, decide to include any comments made by it in accordance with paragraph 3 of this article, together with the observations thereon received from the State Party concerned, in its annual report made in accordance with article 24. If so requested by the State Party concerned, the Committee may also include a copy of the report submitted under paragraph I of this article.

Article 20

1. If the Committee receives reliable information which appears to it to contain well-founded indications that torture is being systematically practised in the territory of a State Party, the Committee shall invite that State Party to co-operate in the examination of the information and to this end to submit observations with regard to the information concerned.

2. Taking into account any observations which may have been submitted by the State Party concerned, as well as any other relevant information available to it, the Committee may, if it decides that this is warranted, designate one or more of its members to make a confidential inquiry and to report to the Committee urgently.

3. If an inquiry is made in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article, the Committee shall seek the co-operation of the State Party concerned. In agreement with that State Party, such an inquiry may include a visit to its territory.

4. After examining the findings of its member or members submitted in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article, the Commission shall transmit these findings to the State Party concerned together with any comments or suggestions which seem appropriate in view of the situation.

5. All the proceedings of the Committee referred to in paragraphs I to 4 of th is article s hall be con fidential , and at all stages of the proceedings the co-operation of the State Party shall be sought. After such proceedings have been completed with regard to an inquiry made in accordance with paragraph 2, the Committee may, after consultations with the State Party concerned, decide to include a summary account of the results of the proceedings in its annual report made in accordance with article 24.

Article 21
1. A State Party to this Convention may at any time declare under this article that it recognizes the competence of the Committee to receive and consider communications to the effect that a State Party claims that another State Party is not fulfilling its obligations under this Convention. Such communications may be received and considered according to the procedures laid down in this article only if submitted by a State Party which has made a declaration recognizing in regard to itself the competence of the Committee. No communication shall be dealt with by the Committee under this article if it concerns a State Party which has not made such a declaration. Communications received under this article shall be dealt with in accordance with the following procedure;

(a) If a State Party considers that another State Party is not giving effect to the provisions ofthis Convention, it may, by written communication, bring the matter to the attention of that State Party. Within three months after the receipt of the communication the receiving State shall afford the State which sent the communication an explanation or any other statement in writing clarifying the matter, which should include, to the extent possible and pertinent, reference to domestic procedures and remedies taken, pending or available in the matter;

(b) If the matter is not adjusted to the satisfaction of both States Parties concerned within six months after the receipt by the receiving State of the initial communication, either State shall have the right to refer the matter to the Committee, by notice given to the Committee and to the other State;

(c) The Committee shall deal with a matter referred to it under this article only after it has ascertained that all domestic remedies have been invoked and exhausted in the matter, in conformity with the generally recognized principles of international law. This shall not be the rule where the application of the remedies is unreasonably prolonged or is unlikely to bring effective relief to the person who is the victim of the violation of this Convention;

(d) The Committee shall hold closed meetings when examining communications under this article; (e) Subject to the provisions of subparagraph

(e), the Committee shall make available its good offices to the States Parties concerned with a view to a friendly solution of the matter on the basis of respect for the obligations provided for in this Convention. For this purpose, the Committee may, when appropriate, set up an ad hoc conciliation commission;

(f) In any matter referred to it under this article, the Committee may call upon the States Parties concerned, referred to in subparagraph (b), to supply any relevant information;

(g) The States Parties concerned, referred to in subparagraph (b), shall have the right to be represented when the matter is being considered by the Committee and to make submissions orally and/or in writing;

(h) The Committee shall, within twelve months after the date of receipt of notice under subparagraph (b), submit a report:

(i) If a solution within the terms of subparagraph (e) is reached, the Committee shall confine its report to a brief statement of the facts and of the solution reached;

(ii) If a solution within the terms of subparagraph (e) is not reached, the Committee shall confine its report to a brief statement of the facts; the written submissions and record of the oral submissions made by the States Parties concerned shall be attached to the report.

In every matter, the report shall be communicated to the States Parties concerned.

2. The provisions of this article shall come into force when five States Parties to this Convention have made declarations under paragraph 1 of this article. Such declarations shall be deposited by the States Parties with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall transmit copies thereof to the other States Parties. A declaration may be withdrawn at any time by notification to the Secretary-General. Such a withdrawal shall not prejudice the consideration of any matter which is the subject of a communication already transmitted under this article; no further communication by any State Party shall be received under this article after the notification of withdrawal of the declaration has been received by the Secretary-General, unless the State Party concerned has made a new declaration.

Article 22

1. A State Party to this Convention may at any time declare under this article that it recognizes the competence of the Committee to receive and consider communications from or on behalf of individuals subject to its jurisdiction who claim to be victims of a violation by a State Party of the provisions of the Convention. No communication shall be received by the Committee if it concerns a State Party which has not made such a declaration.

2. The Committee shall consider inadmissible any communication under this article which is anonymous or which it considers to be an abuse of the right of submission of such communications or to be incompatible with the provisions of this Convention.

3. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2, the Committee shall bring any communications submitted to it under this article to the attention of the State Party to this Convention which has made a declaration under paragraph I and is alleged to be violating any provisions of the Convention. Within six months, the receiving State shall submit to the Committee written explanations or statements clarifying the matter and the remedy, if any, that may have been taken by that State.

4. The Committee shall consider communications received under this article in the light of all information made available to it by or on behalf of the individual and by the State Party concerned. 5. The Committee shall not consider any communications from an individual under this article unless it has ascertained that:

(a) The same matter has not been, and is not being, examined under another procedure of international investigation or settlement;

(b) The individual has exhausted all available domestic remedies; this shall not be the rule where the application of the remedies is unreasonably prolonged or is unlikely to bring effective reliefto the person who is the victim of the violation of this Convention.

6. The Committee shall hold closed meetings when examining communications under this article.

7. The Committee shall forward its views to the State Party concerned and to the individual.

8. The provisions of this article shall come into force when five States Parties to this Convention have made declarations under paragraph 1 of this article. Such declarations shall be deposited by the States Parties with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall transmit copies thereof to the other States Parties. A declaration may be withdrawn at any time by notification to the Secretary-General. Such a withdrawal shall not prejudice the consideration of any matter which is the subject of a communication already transmitted under this article; no further communication by or on behalf of an individual shall be received under this article after the notification of withdrawal of the declaration has been received by the SecretaryGeneral, unless the State Party has made a new declaration.

Article 23
The members of the Committee and of the ad hoc conciliation commissions which may be appointed under article 21, paragraph I (e), shall be entitled to the facilities, privileges and immunities of experts on mission for the United Nations as laid down in the relevant sections of the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations.

Article 24

The Committee shall submit an annual report on its activities under this Convention to the States Parties and to the General Assembly of the United Nations.

PART III

Article 25
1. This Convention is open for signature by all States. 2. This Convention is subject to ratification. Instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Article 26
This Convention is open to accession by all States. Accession shall be effected by the deposit of an instrument of accession with the SecretaryGeneral of the United Nations.

Article 27

1. This Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date of the deposit with the Secretary-General of the United Nations of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession.

2. For each State ratifying this Convention or acceding to it after the deposit of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession, the Convention shall enter into force onthe thirtieth day after the date of the deposit of its own instrument of ratification or accession.

Article 28

1. Each State may, at the time of signature or ratification of this Convention or accession thereto, declare that it does not recognize the competence of the Committee provided for in article 20.

2. Any State Party having made a reservation in accordance with paragraph I of this article may, at any time, withdraw this reservation by notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Article 29

1 . Any State Party to this Convention may propose an amendment and file it with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The SecretaryGeneral shall thereupon communicate the proposed amendment to the States Parties with a request that they notify him whether they favour a conference of States Parties for the purpose of considering an d voting upon the proposal. In the event that within four months from the date of such communication at least one third of the States Parties favours such a conference, the SecretaryGeneral shall convene the conference under the auspices of the United Nations. Any amendment adopted by a majority of the States Parties present and voting at the conference shall be submitted by the Secretary-General to all the States Parties for acceptance.

2. An amendment adopted in accordance with paragraph I of this article shall enter into force when two thirds of the States Parties to this Convention have notified the Secretary-General of the United Nations that they have accepted it in accordance with their respective constitutional processes.

3. When amendments enter into force, they shall be binding on those States Parties which have accepted them, other States Parties still being bound by the provisions of this Convention and any earlier amendments which they have accepted.

Article 30

1. Any dispute between two or more States Parties concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention which cannot be settled through negotiation shall, at the request of one of them, be submitted to arbitration. If within six months from thc date of the request for arbitration the Parties are unable to agree on the organization of the arbitration, any one of those Parties may refer the dispute to the International Court of Justice by request in conformity with the Statute of the Court.

2. Each State may, at the time of signature or ratification of this Con vention or accession thereto, declare that it does not consider itself bound by paragraph I of this article. The other States Parties shall not be bound by paragraph I of this article with respect to any State Party having made such a reservation.

3. Any State Party having made a reservation in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article may at any time withdraw this reservation by notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Article 31

1. A State Party may denounce this Convention by written notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Denunciation becomes effective one year after the date of receipt of- the notification by the Secretary-General .

2. Such a denunciation shall not have the effect of releasing the State Party from its obligations under this Convention in regard to any act or omission which occurs prior to the date at which the denunciation becomes effective, nor shall denunciation prejudice in any way the continued consideration of any matter which is already under consideration by the Committee prior to the date at which the denunciation becomes effective.

3. Following the date at which the denunciation of a State Party becomes effective, the Committee shall not commence consideration of any new matter regarding that State.

Article 32
The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall inform all States Members of the United Nations and all States which have signed this Convention or acceded to it of the following:

(a) Signatures, ratifications and accessions under articles 25 and 26;

(b) The date of entry into force of this Convention under article 27 and the date of the entry into force of any amendments under article 29;

(c) Denunciations under article 31.

Article 33

1. This Convention, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

2. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall transmit certified copies of this Convention to all States.


Nekst Ahr Deskripshuhnz Uhv how hohribbul kruusiffikshuhn really haz ben…


Thuh NeksT KohrekTed TekST Wuhz Fruhm:

__**the [ nevr deezrvd unFair unJusT pseudoh- ] penalty of crucifixion

  • [ Shood Fruhm Now And ( Fohr Evr Feewchr ) GeT ToT uhv az ehneetheeng EksepT
    • ( Nevr Uhgehn ahthryzd By Mee ) kuz: ]**__

Cause of Death by Crucifixion

Anatomy of Nails in Crucifixion
Anatomy-of-Nails-in-Crucifixion-150x150.jpg

Death could come in hours or days, depending on the methods used, the health of those crucified and environmental circumstances.

One theory holds that death was caused by asphyxiation. With the whole body weight borne by the stretched arms, the victim’s ability to exhale was severely compromised. In order to breathe the victim would have to draw himself up by his arms, or have his feet supported by tying or by a wood block.

Roman executioners would break a victim’s legs in order to hasten death. The two thieves on either side of Christ had their legs broken. With broken legs a man could not support himself for breath and died within a few minutes.

It was typical to prepare a condemned for crucifixion by inflicting other wounds. Each wound was intended to produce intense agony. This is consistent with accounts of Christ’s scourging.[4]

While asphyxiation has been proposed as the principal cause of death from crucifixion, the fact remains that sometimes individuals survived on a cross for days. Modern science has proposed that death resulted from a number of other causes, including physical shock, dehydration, and exhaustion. Historical records indicate that besides the breaking of legs, death could be hastened by building a fire below the cross with the smoke choking the victim, or inflicting additional wounds.[5]

A 2006 study published in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine looked at medical theories on the cause of death in crucifixion. The conclusion of the study, given that the researchers could not humanely reenact an actual crucifixion was that “there is insufficient evidence to safely state exactly how people did die from crucifixion in Roman times”.

From the Persians to the Romans

Crucifixions are recorded among ancient civilizations, originating with the Persians. The original crucifixions were not on a cross traditionally associated with ( Iesous -> Jesus ). The victim was tied or impaled upon a single upright stake. The victim’s hands and feet were bound and nailed to the stake using just one nail through both wrists and one nail through both ankles, with a wooden plank fastened to the stake as a footrest.

From the Persians, crucifixions spread to the Assyrians, Scythians, Carthaginians, Germans, Celts and Britons. Execution by crucifixion became common under the rule of Greek King Alexander the Great (356-323 B.C.). Eventually, crucifixion became the principal Roman form of capital punishment. During the Roman Empire, violent offenders, those guilty of high treason, despised enemies, deserters, slaves and foreigners were crucified.


InnuhsenT Iesous Non-deezrvd deth by mrdr


InnuhsenT Iesous Non-deezrvd deth by mrdr, espeshuLLee Non veeuh kruusihfikshuhn that iz torchr vyohLaeeshuhn eewwzeeng a kruusiffix-torchr-wehpuhn with gohl tu uhkomplish WuhT Wee Now Kahl uh mrdr Krym.

Iesous Wuhz ToT Tu Bee Uh HeeLr Huu DyrekTLee Kozd ReeLeef Frŭm sufreeng ŭv lots ŭv kyndz And Huu Nevr Torchrd Ehnee Heewman Nor Ennee AnnimmuL, EksepT Wuhn Day maybe Tu A Donkey BeesT WyL Rydeeng ITs Bak Thoh Thuh Donkey Non-dyd, Thus Iesous Nevr Deezrvd SpessiffikuLLee tohrchr.

Iesous Wuhz ToT Tu Hav Nevr kild ehnee Heeuumuhn

  • Thuss Hee Nevr Deezrvd Tu GeT mrdrd.

InnuhsenT Iesous Wuhz Jujd By Thuh Guhvrnur PiLaTe And Non-SuspecTed Uhv Az Mehnee Az Wuhn Krym.

Iesous Wuhz SpessiffikLee non-pruuvd giltee uhv mrdr, Thus Non-Deesrvd Tu get kild.

Thus Iesous' deth shood ohnLee GeT ThoT Uhv ohnLee az An unJusT mrdr.


Thuh mrdr Uhv [[[Iesous][] Wuz And Iz And Evr Shall Bee unJusT rong uhgehnst An InnuhsenT Heewman Naemd varreeuhslee Iesou Ohr Iesous Ohr Iesoun%.

Thuh Heebroo Israelites Nevr ToT Ohr PrakTisT substutooshun punishment veeuh cruciffikshuhn

In Thuh GospeLz Iesou Wuz Found ( InnuhsenT = Non-Proovd guilty uhv ( mrdr = Murder ) ) Thuss Iesous Shood Hav Nevr got crucified.


Then ( AfTr Iesous became uh gy Gon Fruhm Thiss glohb, it should nevr have got to that Innuhsent Iesous shood hav got cruciffied espeshullee not for ehnee Dif Heewman'z akt tu doo Suhm kynd uhv suhpohzed sin in thuh [ prtestant 66 books called Lesr canon Mynd cage ) Ohr ( the original anastasius canon that later was taught by the vatican ists ) ohr ( the orthodox study bible AT http://worldhistory.biz/download567/The_Orthodox_Study_Bible_-_St.pdf ) canon of the [ orthodox catholi church]including the 72 book greek septuagint .
See: https://www.theopedia.com/greek-and-hebrew-words-for-sin


Thow ReeL-Lee ShoodsT Heer YouTube Vid Naymd " Crucifixion Is unJusT "

  • In Wich It Iz Said,
  • * "Thuh gravest unjustice iz tu punish uh prsuhn Huu Did NoT Commit Thuh Sin.
  • + + "IT Iz blasfehnuhss tu beeleev that The AlmyTee wood punish Suhm 1 on an uhthr'z beehaf."

Truu Justiss Wood Bee If ( I EeThr|And Ehnee 1 Ohr Mohr UhThrz )

* Kood Go Bak In Tym Tu Beefohr Thuh Kruusiffikshuhn Uhv Iesous

* * And Gahrd Iesous Fruhm Getteeng Kruusiffyd.


Then, (0=Zeeroh) Peepul Wood Theenk

* ThaT " It wuhz reekwyrd for Iesous Tu hav been Kruusiffyd


" Kuhz **undeezrvd thuss unfair unJusT tohrchr uhv 1 ToT Tu Hav Ben Uh HeeLr

  • till ThaT 1 wuhz unFair unJusT mrdrd
  • * DespyT Thuh FakT ThaT Iesous Non mrdrd ehnee human**
  • KannoT prohduuss ( Fair Just Fohrgivness Nohr Fair Just Sayveeng )
  • * fruhm ehnee bod'z rong, nor fruhm ehnee suhpohzed sin,

EspeshuLLee Uh Sin Such Az:


HahmahrTahnoh: Suhmuhree: Uh Sin Uhv Misseeng Uh TahrgeT And Non-winneeng Uh Pryz


BaysT Fruhm Heereeng AT https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CHV2MzaKKQA&app=desktop

  • Thuh Ahdeeoh Fruhm Thuh Vid Naymd: " How to pronounce Hamartanō in Biblical Greek - (ἁμαρτάνω / miss) "
  • Thuh Greek Wrd ἁμαρτάνω Iz Spohk Az:
  • H->(ŏ=ah)->m->(ŏ=ah)->r->T->(ŏ=ah)->n->(ō=oh).

Thŭ NĕksT Ĭnfō Wŭz Frŭm:

* https://www.studylight.org/lexicons/greek/264.html

* * Entry for Strong's #264 - ἁμαρτάνω

ParT of Speech
Verb

* * Thayer's Definition

1: to be without a share in
2: to miss the mark
3: to err, be mistaken
4: to miss or wander from the path of uprightness and honour, to do or go wrong

* * Strong's Definition

(figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin

* properly to miss the mark (and so non share in the prize),

* that is…for your faults…sin, trespass


Thuh NeksT TeksT wuhz Fruhm:

* https://biblehub.com/greek/264.htm

264. hamartanó

* NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
from an early root hamart-

Definition
to miss the mark, do wrong, sin

Strong's Concordance

hamartanó: to miss the mark, do wrong, sin

Original Word: ἁμαρτάνω

Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: hamartanó
Phonetic Spelling: (ham-ar-tan'-o)
Definition: to miss the mark, do wrong, sin
Usage: originally: I miss the mark, hence (a) I make a mistake, (b) I sin, commit a sin against God…[or] against a fellow-creature…


Thŭ NĕksT TĕksT Wŭz Frŭm:

* https://www.studylight.org/lexicons/greek/264.html

* * Thayer's Definition

1: to be without a share in
2: to miss the mark
3: to err, be mistaken
4: to miss or wander from the path of uprightness and honour, to do or go wrong

* * Strong's Definition

(figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin

* properly to miss the mark (and so non share in the prize),

* that is…for your faults…sin, trespass


  • Thuss, Egzampulz Uhv Greek Wrd ( ἁμαρτάνω Spohk Az HahmahrTahnoh ) Inkluud:
  • * Wyl Playeeng Ping Pong { Misseeng WiTh Thyn Padddul And Non-HiTTeeng } Thuh Bahl
  • * Ohr WyL Playeeng Ehnee Gaym Misseeng Ehnee TahrgeT
  • * * And Thuss Non-scohreeng Thuh WahnTed ( PoeenT Ohr PoeenTss ).
  • * Ohr Playeeng ( LoTTo Ohr Ehnee Gambleeng Gaym )
  • * * And Non-winneeng Ehnee Pryz ( Muhnee Nohr Uhwohrd Uhv Ehnee Kynd ).

EgzampuL: YouTube Vid Naymd: " Missing the Ball When Serving | Table Tennis | PingSkills "

AT: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1nAiM5wPYdo


Thiss Iz Thuh LasT Lyn Uhv TeksT In Thuh Payj Naymd "HahmahrTahnoh ".



kruusifikshuhn Nevr Deezrvd

Az Uh PrinsippuL, a kursifix kross iz nevr needed.

IT Iz Nevr Nessesserree tu tohrchr suhmwuhn with ĕnee kruusiffix till they dy.

Thus, kruusifikshuhn torchr vyŏlayt till mrdrd iz

  • ( Nevr Fair ) Thus ( Nevr JusT )
  • Thus ( Evr too sehveer Fohr Ehnee 1 WiTh Kuhmpashuhn )
  • tu get kŏld ehneetheeng except non-penalty of crucifixion
  • [ Shood Fruhm Now And ( Fohr Evr Feewchr ) GeT ToT uhv az ehneetheeng EksepT
    • ( Nevr Uhgehn ahthryzd By Mee ) ].

Thuh NeksT TekST Wuhz Fruhm:

Crucifixion in the Modern World

Though of ancient origin and brutal in its application, crucifixion has survived to modern times in parts of the world. German soldiers are said to have crucified a Canadian during World War I. In Japan it was used for prisoners[6] during World War II. Crucifixion as a criminal punishment remains as part of Iran’s Islamic Criminal Law. Crucifixion survives as part of the penal code in Sudan. In March, 2013, a man convicted of armed robbery in Saudi Arabia was sentenced to be crucified for three days.

The Easter season involves remembrances [ uhv InnuhsenT Iesous'z

  • ( nevr Fair nohr JusT ) torchr and ( nevr Fair nohr JusT ) mrdr] suffering and death. For Christians it [ shood hav noh ] meaning [ uhv Luhv Nohr ] sacrifice. Attention to the nature of ChrisT’s death and its use through history should remind all of us of the need to battle the darkest sides of humanity.

Thuh Troo bad rong repreezenTed by ( wrd Croosiffikshuhn wich iz norm miss-speld az crucifixion )

FacT: croosiffikshun ReeL rong kuz reel bad torchr and reel Nevr deezrvd unJusT mrdr ThaT Zero Peepul
Shood Expeerienss uhgehnJusTLee Ohpohzd By ReeL JusT Lahz:
1: torchr and mrdr ahr ( ReeL ObjecTiv bad rongz uhv violating PeepuL
2: Kuz Uv ThaT, torchr and mrdr ahr RyTLee Ohpohzd AT LeesT By Thuh Follieeng:


Evil Bad Rong ( ProCrucifixionIsm = proh croosifikshuhn izm ) Iz Thuh Main Probblem!!!

Ainchent Roman Empire Frst ThoT And Implemmented unJust Croosi9fikshuhn Az wuhn Uhv Thuh WrsT Kynds Uhv Mrdr Evr Implemented.


AnTy Pauline substittooshun punishment

Wrd subsTiTTooshun Nohrm rong speld s-u-b-s-t-i-t-u-t-i-o-n.

The Christian unJust Unfair doctrin Heer SimpLifyd Fohr KLehriTTee az "substihttooshun punishment" wuhz authrd by mass-murderer saul uhv Tarsus

Iesous Nevr ToT unJusT "substittooshunn punishment".


[[include http://omnionica.wikidot.com/iesous-came-tu-uhbollish-sakrihfysez]]


Saul of Tarsus tot that innuhsent Iesous shood hav got put on a laTin cross and tohrchrd til he wuhz mrdrd, az suhpohzed substittuushuhn fohr dif UhThr Heewman'z suhpohzd sinz ThaT MohsT Uhv Thuh Tym ahr less rong than { krym dehskrybd az deelibrat mrdr uhv non pruuvd giltee uhv deelibrat-mrdrur }, Thus Iesous Wuhz deffinnitlee non-wrthee uhv getteeng tohrchrd till mrdrd.


InnuhsenT Iesous Non-deezrvd deth by mrdr


InnuhsenT Iesous Non-deezrvd deth by mrdr, espeshuLLee Non veeuh kruusihfikshuhn that iz torchr vyohLaeeshuhn eewwzeeng a kruusiffix-torchr-wehpuhn with gohl tu uhkomplish WuhT Wee Now Kahl uh mrdr Krym.

Iesous Wuhz ToT Tu Bee Uh HeeLr Huu DyrekTLee Kozd ReeLeef Frŭm sufreeng ŭv lots ŭv kyndz And Huu Nevr Torchrd Ehnee Heewman Nor Ennee AnnimmuL, EksepT Wuhn Day maybe Tu A Donkey BeesT WyL Rydeeng ITs Bak Thoh Thuh Donkey Non-dyd, Thus Iesous Nevr Deezrvd SpessiffikuLLee tohrchr.

Iesous Wuhz ToT Tu Hav Nevr kild ehnee Heeuumuhn

  • Thuss Hee Nevr Deezrvd Tu GeT mrdrd.

InnuhsenT Iesous Wuhz Jujd By Thuh Guhvrnur PiLaTe And Non-SuspecTed Uhv Az Mehnee Az Wuhn Krym.

Iesous Wuhz SpessiffikLee non-pruuvd giltee uhv mrdr, Thus Non-Deesrvd Tu get kild.

Thus Iesous' deth shood ohnLee GeT ThoT Uhv ohnLee az An unJusT mrdr.


Thuh mrdr Uhv [[[Iesous][] Wuz And Iz And Evr Shall Bee unJusT rong uhgehnst An InnuhsenT Heewman Naemd varreeuhslee Iesou Ohr Iesous Ohr Iesoun%.

Thuh Heebroo Israelites Nevr ToT Ohr PrakTisT substutooshun punishment veeuh cruciffikshuhn

In Thuh GospeLz Iesou Wuz Found ( InnuhsenT = Non-Proovd guilty uhv ( mrdr = Murder ) ) Thuss Iesous Shood Hav Nevr got crucified.


Then ( AfTr Iesous became uh gy Gon Fruhm Thiss glohb, it should nevr have got to that Innuhsent Iesous shood hav got cruciffied espeshullee not for ehnee Dif Heewman'z akt tu doo Suhm kynd uhv suhpohzed sin in thuh [ prtestant 66 books called Lesr canon Mynd cage ) Ohr ( the original anastasius canon that later was taught by the vatican ists ) ohr ( the orthodox study bible AT http://worldhistory.biz/download567/The_Orthodox_Study_Bible_-_St.pdf ) canon of the [ orthodox catholi church]including the 72 book greek septuagint .
See: https://www.theopedia.com/greek-and-hebrew-words-for-sin


Thow ReeL-Lee ShoodsT Heer YouTube Vid Naymd " Crucifixion Is unJusT "

  • In Wich It Iz Said,
  • * "Thuh gravest unjustice iz tu punish uh prsuhn Huu Did NoT Commit Thuh Sin.
  • + + "IT Iz blasfehnuhss tu beeleev that The AlmyTee wood punish Suhm 1 on an uhthr'z beehaf."

Truu Justiss Wood Bee If ( I EeThr|And Ehnee 1 Ohr Mohr UhThrz )

* Kood Go Bak In Tym Tu Beefohr Thuh Kruusiffikshuhn Uhv Iesous

* * And Gahrd Iesous Fruhm Getteeng Kruusiffyd.


Then, (0=Zeeroh) Peepul Wood Theenk

* ThaT " It wuhz reekwyrd for Iesous Tu hav been Kruusiffyd


" Kuhz **undeezrvd thuss unfair unJusT tohrchr uhv 1 ToT Tu Hav Ben Uh HeeLr

  • till ThaT 1 wuhz unFair unJusT mrdrd
  • * DespyT Thuh FakT ThaT Iesous Non mrdrd ehnee human**
  • KannoT prohduuss ( Fair Just Fohrgivness Nohr Fair Just Sayveeng )
  • * fruhm ehnee bod'z rong, nor fruhm ehnee suhpohzed sin,

EspeshuLLee Uh Sin Such Az:


HahmahrTahnoh: Suhmuhree: Uh Sin Uhv Misseeng Uh TahrgeT And Non-winneeng Uh Pryz


BaysT Fruhm Heereeng AT https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CHV2MzaKKQA&app=desktop

  • Thuh Ahdeeoh Fruhm Thuh Vid Naymd: " How to pronounce Hamartanō in Biblical Greek - (ἁμαρτάνω / miss) "
  • Thuh Greek Wrd ἁμαρτάνω Iz Spohk Az:
  • H->(ŏ=ah)->m->(ŏ=ah)->r->T->(ŏ=ah)->n->(ō=oh).

Thŭ NĕksT Ĭnfō Wŭz Frŭm:

* https://www.studylight.org/lexicons/greek/264.html

* * Entry for Strong's #264 - ἁμαρτάνω

ParT of Speech
Verb

* * Thayer's Definition

1: to be without a share in
2: to miss the mark
3: to err, be mistaken
4: to miss or wander from the path of uprightness and honour, to do or go wrong

* * Strong's Definition

(figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin

* properly to miss the mark (and so non share in the prize),

* that is…for your faults…sin, trespass


Thuh NeksT TeksT wuhz Fruhm:

* https://biblehub.com/greek/264.htm

264. hamartanó

* NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
from an early root hamart-

Definition
to miss the mark, do wrong, sin

Strong's Concordance

hamartanó: to miss the mark, do wrong, sin

Original Word: ἁμαρτάνω

Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: hamartanó
Phonetic Spelling: (ham-ar-tan'-o)
Definition: to miss the mark, do wrong, sin
Usage: originally: I miss the mark, hence (a) I make a mistake, (b) I sin, commit a sin against God…[or] against a fellow-creature…


Thŭ NĕksT TĕksT Wŭz Frŭm:

* https://www.studylight.org/lexicons/greek/264.html

* * Thayer's Definition

1: to be without a share in
2: to miss the mark
3: to err, be mistaken
4: to miss or wander from the path of uprightness and honour, to do or go wrong

* * Strong's Definition

(figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin

* properly to miss the mark (and so non share in the prize),

* that is…for your faults…sin, trespass


  • Thuss, Egzampulz Uhv Greek Wrd ( ἁμαρτάνω Spohk Az HahmahrTahnoh ) Inkluud:
  • * Wyl Playeeng Ping Pong { Misseeng WiTh Thyn Padddul And Non-HiTTeeng } Thuh Bahl
  • * Ohr WyL Playeeng Ehnee Gaym Misseeng Ehnee TahrgeT
  • * * And Thuss Non-scohreeng Thuh WahnTed ( PoeenT Ohr PoeenTss ).
  • * Ohr Playeeng ( LoTTo Ohr Ehnee Gambleeng Gaym )
  • * * And Non-winneeng Ehnee Pryz ( Muhnee Nohr Uhwohrd Uhv Ehnee Kynd ).

EgzampuL: YouTube Vid Naymd: " Missing the Ball When Serving | Table Tennis | PingSkills "

AT: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1nAiM5wPYdo


Thiss Iz Thuh LasT Lyn Uhv TeksT In Thuh Payj Naymd "HahmahrTahnoh ".




AhThr Haz BeTr EThiks Than unFair subsTiTTuushun punnishment

Than saul of Tarsus and his delusional unfair unjust "substitution punishment

Thiss AhThr Haz Tryd Tu AkT Az Good Fair JusT PehrenT.

Thiss AhThr Haz Nevr InTenchuhnuLLee DeeLibraTLee kozd Wuhn Uhv My DahTrz Tu fizzikkuLLee Body suffer az a punishment fohr az mehnee az Wuhn Uhv Thuh UhThr DoTr'z rong ThoTs Ohr AkTs.

Thiss AhThr Haz ( BeTr = Mohr Fair And Less uhFair ) Moral EThiks

  • Than unFair subsTiTTuushun punnishment
    • uhv saul of Tarsus and his delusional unfair unjust "suhbstittuushuhn puhnishment" he Shood Hav Nevr tot tu Heeuumuhnz
    • And uhv Tuu mehnee modrn Animal sacrificers uhv InnussenT Non-vyohLent VejjeTTerreeun BeesTs WiTH Uh Brayn Thoh Noh Handz.



Gy saul uhv tarsus tot the delusional idea that the EThikLee unFair unJust torchr uhv Thuh Lehjendehree Heelr Iesous till ThaT Gy Huu Nevr mrdrd 1 Heeuumuhn] wuhz mrdrd by croosiffikshuhn vyohlaeeshuhn rong uhv InnuhsenT Ieaous suppohzedlee givz forgiveness, Tho UnJusTiss CAN'T give Real Forgivness.

Thoh Thuh 100% unjust torchr till illegally mrdrd vyohlaeeshuhn Rongeeng Uhv Innuhsent Iesous Can't koz JusTiss Fohr Mee Ohr Ehnee UhThr JusT Fair Mynd.

illegal Meenz That Ther Wuhz Noh Suhspishuhn ThaT Iesous committed mrdr Thuss There Wuhz No CourT TriaL And Thuss No Prooveeng that Iesous Wuhz Az many Az 1 Tym pouuvd giltee uhv mrdr.

It Wuhz unJusT Kuz _No Wuhn Proovd Iesous giLtee uhv kuhmiTTeeng mrdr ) Thus No Basis For Being JuhsTLee kild.

It Wuhz rong Kuz:the torchr aspect uhv croosiffikshuhn iz ahlwayz rong
and it iz a mudr rong kuz Iesous Wuz InvesTigaeeTed By Thuh GuvrnmenT OhfishuL And Found InnuhsenT Uhv ehnee crime, Inkloodeeng And EspeshuLLee Mohst Impohrtantlee Innuhsent Uhv mrdr kryn.

UnJusTiss for InnuhsenT Ieaous can't koz JusTiss Fohr Mee Ohr Ehnee UhThr JusT Fair Mynd.

Iesous Nevr ToT "Heewman substitution punishment"

Sum Nazareens Teech Iesous ToT ""I am come to abolish the sacrifices"

KwohTFruhm: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Gospel_of_the_Ebionites


Thuh mrdr Uhv [[[Iesous][[ Wuz And Iz And Evr Shall Bee unJusT rong uhgehnst An InnuhsenT Heewman Naemd varreeuhslee Iesou Ohr Iesous Ohr Iesoun%.

Thuh Heebroo Israelites Nevr ToT Ohr PrakTisT substutooshun punishment veeuh cruciffikshuhn

In Thuh GospeLz Iesou Wuz Found ( InnuhsenT = Non-Proovd guilty uhv ( mrdr = Murder ) Thuss Iesous Shood Hav Nevr got crucified ).

Then ( AfTr Iesous became uh gy Gon Fruhm Thiss glohb, it should nevr have got to that Innuhsent Iesous shood hav got cruciffied espeshullee not for ehnee Dif Heewman'z akt tu doo Suhm kynd uhv suhpohzed sin in thuh [ prtestant 66 books called Lesr canon Mynd cage ) Ohr ( the original anastasius canon that later was taught by the vatican ists ) ohr ( the orthodox study bible AT http://worldhistory.biz/download567/The_Orthodox_Study_Bible_-_St.pdf ) canon of the [ orthodox catholi church]including the 72 book greek septuagint .
See: https://www.theopedia.com/greek-and-hebrew-words-for-sin


IT Wuz And IzAnd Evr Shall Bee unJusT rong that any1 shood BeeLeev that An InnuhsenT Heewman ( Pree-GospeL suhpohzedlee, tho in reality impossiblee, had pland to get crucified ) ohr (dureeng GospeL should despite Found ( InnuhsenT = Non-Proovd guilty uhv ( mrdr = Murder ) ) bee crucified )ohr ( AfTr GospeL that any1 should hav go ronglee tot that Innuhsent Iesous shood have got unjustlee mrdrd ) for ehnee Dif Heewman'z akt tu dooo ehnee kynd uhv suhpohzed [[[sin]].


Iesous Nevr ToT "Heewman substitution punishment"

FacT: croosifikshuhn-rongd-Gy-BrTh-Naymd-Ieeous-In-Matt1

Sum Nazareens Teech Iesous ToT ""I am come to abolish the sacrifices"


Koran 5:33 shood be Blotted With A Blak Mahrkr fruhm ehvree koran And Deeleeted Fruhm Ehvree Sohrss Tekst fohr teecheeng:

Thuh Nekst Tekst Shood egzist in ( 0 = zero ) Koran teksts tho it Wuhz Fruhm:

Indeed, the penalty for those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger and strive upon earth [to cause] corruption is none but that they be killed or crucified or that their hands and feet be cut off from opposite sides or that they be exiled from the land. That is for them a disgrace in this world; and for them in the Hereafter is a great punishment,…


Kruussiffikshuhn Shood Get Tot Az Nevr Ru Get Duhn in war.


Insted Tu Preezrv Surah nuhmbrz And Teech Truu Civvilyzd Justiss Sumtheeng Myt Get Tot At Koran 5:33 Lyk:

33a If any wage war against Uh Messenjr Uhv Ahluh Ohr Any Muslim Ohr Uh Groop Uhv Muzlimz, then it would be best if that potentially dangerous indivvijjual or groop kood be non-violently exiled from our land, kuz Muslims shood only fight if needed in deefenss uhv self and if needed furthurmore in deffenss uhv luhvd 1'z.



Thuh Mōst Kümmpăshŭnnĕt Străttĕjjēē Uhv FyTeeng Iz ( Ŏ-ēēkēēdō = Ahkeedoh = [[[Aikidp]] ) Jĕntül Self Dēēfĕnss ĂttĭTTūd And Sĭstem Wich Duhz Teech:
1: Try Tū Nŏn-kŏz Sŭfrēēng Tu Ĕnnēē Ŭttăkr.
2: Prĕf Tū Flēē Ðăn Tū Fyt.
3: Prĕf Tū Dŏj Ðăn Tū Blŏk.
4: Prĕf Tū Blŏk Ðăn Tū ŬTTăk.


Uhpehrantlee seekeeng tu obey that vrss that shood nevr hav ben rit…

Thuh NeksT TekST Wuhz Fruhm:

( ( Muslim = surrendered ) peeple are taught that "crucifixion should be practiced as capital punishment", primarily against christians probbubLee kuz christians teech unJusT Pro croosiffikshuhn izm fohr InnuhsenT Iesous.

Crucifixion is still a part of Iran's criminal code, and as a method of torture and execution is still being used, primarily against Christians and Christian converts, in Sudan and Iraq, both Islamic countries.


ReesehnT Kruusiffikshuhnz ThaT Shood Hav Ben Nonlegal


Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Fruhm:

Most of us think of crucifixion as ancient history – a gruesome execution method practiced by the Romans and other long-ago cultures – with Jesus Christ its most famous victim. But crucifixion, though rare, has continued into the modern day – as a devotional practice among fervent Christians, as a tool of terror, even as performance art.

-=----

Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Fruhm:

8 Gruesome Stories of Modern Day Crucifixions

-=----

Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Fruhm:

Crucifixion: It’s Not Ancient History Anymore
ISIS has revived the barbaric practice. The time to stop both of them is now.


Wuhn ReesehnT Lrnd UhbowT Modrn atrocity simmilr tu a kroosiffikshuhn Wuhz menchuhnd AT:

Saudi Arabia beheaded a man Wednesday in Mecca, then put his body on public display, for allegedly stabbing a woman to death. The method of punishment is known in Saudi Arabia as a crucifixion, which the government says is sanctioned by Islamic law, and is reserved for only the most severe crimes in the kingdom…

But as recently as 2013, Amnesty International reported that Saudi authorities executed and crucified five Yemenis in the city of Jizan after they were found guilty of armed robbery and the murder of a Saudi man…

…Crucifixion, though rarer, is endorsed in the Koran in Sura 5:33-34:

Those who wage war against God and His Messenger and strive to spread corruption in the land should be punished by death, crucifixion, the amputation of an alternate hand and foot or banishment from the land: a disgrace for them in this world, and then a terrible punishment in the Hereafter, unless they repent before you overpower them: in that case bear in mind that God is forgiving and merciful.


GLobaL CiviLizing ShouLd ILLeegaLize Crucifixion

GLohBuL SihvihLyzeeng Shood ILLeeguLyz Kruusiffikshuhn

* Uhv AnTi eech display uhv kruusiffikss shaeep
* Uhv Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT PuT OwT SmahL T

1: PeepuL On Ehnee PLaneT Uv Thuh Tranz FynyT Numbr Uhv PLaneTs

  • In Thuh EeTrnuL And Tranz FynyT 3 DimmenshuhnuL Omnivrss,
    • Sum Uv Thohz PeepuL On ThaT PLaneT MyT Sum Tym lrn
      • thuh troo bad rong ( crucifixion spohk az kruusiffikshuhn ) vyohlaeeshuhn process
        • dehskrybd az eewwz evil ( crucifix spphk az kruusiffiks )

1: az tohrchr wehpuhm in wut Iz Now KahLd tohrchr krym and
2: az mrdr wehpuhn with prpuhss tu uhkomplish wut Iz Now KahLd mrdr krym.

2. EevenchoouLeee Thuh EvuLooshun Uv Proh GLohbuL SivviLyzeeng Peewrificaeeshuhn Twohrdz Uh Peer Good JusT SivviLyzeayshuhn Shood DevveLuhp ( IntrnashuhnuL Then GlohbuL ) AnTi Tohrcr Krym Lahz And AnTi Mrdr Krym Lahz.

3. This Prohvydz Thuh Baysis Fohr ( InTrnashuhnul AnTi Kruusiffikshuhn Krym Lahz Then GlohbuL AnTi Kruusiffikshuhn Krym Lahz Tu STop And Preevent kruusiffikshun Fohr ( Ehnee And Ehvree ) Prsun On ThaT GLohb.


InTrnashuhnul AnTi Kruusiffikshuhn Krym Lahz Uhv AnTi Kruusiffikshuhn Izm

InTrnashuhnul Lah Torchr Mrdr Krymz Uhgehnst Heewmannittee


Table of Contents

Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Fruhm:

ROME STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT

Fruhm Payjez 4 & 5

Article 7. Crimes against humanity

1. For the purpose of this Statute, "crime against humanity" means any of the follow-ing acts when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack;

(a) Murder;

(e) Imprisonment or other severe deprivation of physical liberty in violation of funda-mental rules of international law;

(f) Torture;

2. For the purpose of paragraph 1:

(a) "Attack directed against any civilian population" means a course of conduct in-volving the multiple commission of acts referred to in paragraph 1 against any civilian pop-ulation, pursuant to or in furtherance of a State or organizational policy to commit such attack;

(e) "Torture", means the intentional infliction of severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, upon a person in the custody or under the control of the accused; except that torture shall not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidentalto, lawful sanctions;

Fruhm Payj 5 & 8

Article 8. War crimes

1. The Court shall have jurisdiction in respect of war crimes in particular when com-mitted as part of a plan or policy or as part of a large-scale commission of such crimes.

2. For the purpose of this Statute, "war crimes" means:

(a) Grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, namely, any of the following acts against persons or property protected under the provisions of the relevant Geneva Convention:

(i) Wilful killing;

(ii) Torture or inhuman treatment, including biological experiments;

(c) In the case of an armed conflict not of an international character, serious violationsof article 3 common to the four Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, namely, any of the following acts committed against persons taking no active part in the hostilities, includ-ing members of armed forces who have laid down their arms and those placed hors de com-bat by sickness, wounds, detention or any other cause:

(i) Violence to life and person, in particular murder of all kinds, mutilation, crueltreatment and torture

Fruhm Payj 31:

Article 55. Rights of persons during an investigation1. In respect of an investigation under this Statute, a person:

(a) Shall not be compelled to incriminate himself or herself or to confess guilt;

(b) Shall not be subjected to any form of coercion, duress or threat, to torture or to anyother form of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment;


Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Fruhm:

Crimes against humanity under international law

Crimes against humanity appeared for the first time in a treaty in the 1945 Nuremberg Charter at the end of the Second World War, albeit with a different definition than today.

Since the 1990s, crimes against humanity have been codified in different international treaties such as the Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (1993), the Statute of the International Tribunal for Rwanda (1994) and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (1998). The Rome Statute provides the most recent and most expansive list of specific criminal acts that may constitute crimes against humanity.

Unlike other human rights violations, war crimes do not engage State responsibility but individual criminal responsibility. This means that individuals can be tried and found personally responsible for these crimes.

Prohibited acts include:

Murder

Extermination
Enslavement
Deportation or forcible transfer of population
Imprisonment

Torture

Sexual violence
Persecution against an identifiable group
Enforced disappearance of persons
The crime of apartheid
Other inhumane acts of a similar character intentionally causing great suffering, or serious injury to body or to mental or physical health


Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Frum:

international criminal law

Crime against humanity

Written By: Richard Vernon

Crime against humanity, an offense in international criminal law, adopted in the Charter of the International Military Tribunal (Nürnberg Charter), which tried surviving Nazi leaders in 1945, and was, in 1998, incorporated into the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC).

Crimes against humanity

consist of various acts—murder, extermination, enslavement, **torture**,

forcible transfers of populations, imprisonment, rape, persecution, enforced disappearance, and apartheid, among others—when, according to the ICC , those are “committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population.”


Suhmuhree:

Mr. Semanza participated in murder and torture and rape

found guilty of a crime against humanity for his rape, torture, and murder

ThaT Wuhz Uh Suhmuhree Uhv Thuh NeksT TeksT.

Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Frum:

Mr. Semanza was a former mayor of Bicumbi commune, and was accused of aiding and abetting genocide in connection with two massacres of Tutsis. He was specifically alleged to have directly participated in murder and torture, and for inciting a crowd to rape Tutsi women prior to killing them, and to have personally participated in the same. The Trial Chamber found that Mr. Semanza was guilty of a crime against humanity for his rape, torture, and murder of Tutsi women.


U N Convention Against Torture And Simmilr Bad Rongz

UniTed NaTions Heeuumuhn RyTss

Saym Free PDF DownLoad Uhv Thuh Saym TexT Shohn BeeLLoh Fruhm ĒThr:

Followieeng TexT Frum https://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CAT.aspx

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 39/46 of 10 December 1984
entry into force 26 June 1987, in accordance with article 27 (1)

The States Parties to this Convention,

Considering that, in accordance with the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations, recognition of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,

Recognizing that those rights derive from the inherent dignity of the human person,

Considering the obligation of States under the Charter, in particular Article 55, to promote universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms,

Having regard to article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and article 7 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, both of which provide that no one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment,

Having regard also to the Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, adopted by the General Assembly on 9 December 1975,

Desiring to make more effective the struggle against torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment throughout the world,

Have agreed as follows:

PART I

Article 1

1. For the purposes of this Convention, the term "torture" means any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. It does not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidental to lawful sanctions.

2. This article is without prejudice to any international instrument or national legislation which does or may contain provisions of wider application.

Article 2

1. Each State Party shall take effective legislative, administrative, judicial or other measures to prevent acts of torture in any territory under its jurisdiction.

2. No exceptional circumstances whatsoever, whether a state of war or a threat of war, internal political instability or any other public emergency, may be invoked as a justification of torture.

3. An order from a superior officer or a public authority may not be invoked as a justification of torture.

Article 3

1. No State Party shall expel, return ("refouler") or extradite a person to another State where there are substantial grounds for believing that he would be in danger of being subjected to torture.

2. For the purpose of determining whether there are such grounds, the competent authorities shall take into account all relevant considerations including, where applicable, the existence in the State concerned of a consistent pattern of gross, flagrant or mass violations of human rights.

Article 4
1. Each State Party shall ensure that all acts of torture are offences under its criminal law. The same shall apply to an attempt to commit torture and to an act by any person which constitutes complicity or participation in torture. 2. Each State Party shall make these offences punishable by appropriate penalties which take into account their grave nature.

Article 5
1. Each State Party shall take such measures as may be necessary to establish its jurisdiction over the offences referred to in article 4 in the following cases:

(a) When the offences are committed in any territory under its jurisdiction or on board a ship or aircraft registered in that State;

(b) When the alleged offender is a national of that State;

(c) When the victim is a national of that State if that State considers it appropriate.

2. Each State Party shall likewise take such measures as may be necessary to establish its jurisdiction over such offences in cases where the alleged offender is present in any territory under its jurisdiction and it does not extradite him pursuant to article 8 to any of the States mentioned in paragraph I of this article.

3. This Convention does not exclude any criminal jurisdiction exercised in accordance with internal law.

Article 6

1. Upon being satisfied, after an examination of information available to it, that the circumstances so warrant, any State Party in whose territory a person alleged to have committed any offence referred to in article 4 is present shall take him into custody or take other legal measures to ensure his presence. The custody and other legal measures shall be as provided in the law of that State but may be continued only for such time as is necessary to enable any criminal or extradition proceedings to be instituted.

2. Such State shall immediately make a preliminary inquiry into the facts.

3. Any person in custody pursuant to paragraph I of this article shall be assisted in communicating immediately with the nearest appropriate representative of the State of which he is a national, or, if he is a stateless person, with the representative of the State where he usually resides.

4. When a State, pursuant to this article, has taken a person into custody, it shall immediately notify the States referred to in article 5, paragraph 1, of the fact that such person is in custody and of the circumstances which warrant his detention. The State which makes the preliminary inquiry contemplated in paragraph 2 of this article shall promptly report its findings to the said States and shall indicate whether it intends to exercise jurisdiction.

Article 7

1. The State Party in the territory under whose jurisdiction a person alleged to have committed any offence referred to in article 4 is found shall in the cases contemplated in article 5, if it does not extradite him, submit the case to its competent authorities for the purpose of prosecution.

2. These authorities shall take their decision in the same manner as in the case of any ordinary offence of a serious nature under the law of that State. In the cases referred to in article 5, paragraph 2, the standards of evidence required for prosecution and conviction shall in no way be less stringent than those which apply in the cases referred to in article 5, paragraph 1.

3. Any person regarding whom proceedings are brought in connection with any of the offences referred to in article 4 shall be guaranteed fair treatment at all stages of the proceedings.

Article 8

1. The offences referred to in article 4 shall be deemed to be included as extraditable offences in any extradition treaty existing between States Parties. States Parties undertake to include such offences as extraditable offences in every extradition treaty to be concluded between them.

2. If a State Party which makes extradition conditional on the existence of a treaty receives a request for extradition from another State Party with which it has no extradition treaty, it may consider this Convention as the legal basis for extradition in respect of such offences. Extradition shall be subject to the other conditions provided by the law of the requested State.

3. States Parties which do not make extradition conditional on the existence of a treaty shall recognize such offences as extraditable offences between themselves subject to the conditions provided by the law of the requested State.

4. Such offences shall be treated, for the purpose of extradition between States Parties, as if they had been committed not only in the place in which they occurred but also in the territories of the States required to establish their jurisdiction in accordance with article 5, paragraph 1.

Article 9

1. States Parties shall afford one another the greatest measure of assistance in connection with criminal proceedings brought in respect of any of the offences referred to in article 4, including the supply of all evidence at their disposal necessary for the proceedings.

2. States Parties shall carry out their obligations under paragraph I of this article in conformity with any treaties on mutual judicial assistance that may exist between them.

Article 10

1. Each State Party shall ensure that education and information regarding the prohibition against torture are fully included in the training of law enforcement personnel, civil or military, medical personnel, public officials and other persons who may be involved in the custody, interrogation or treatment of any individual subjected to any form of arrest, detention or imprisonment.

2. Each State Party shall include this prohibition in the rules or instructions issued in regard to the duties and functions of any such person.

Article 11
Each State Party shall keep under systematic review interrogation rules, instructions, methods and practices as well as arrangements for the custody and treatment of persons subjected to any form of arrest, detention or imprisonment in any territory under its jurisdiction, with a view to preventing any cases of torture.

Article 12
Each State Party shall ensure that its competent authorities proceed to a prompt and impartial investigation, wherever there is reasonable ground to believe that an act of torture has been committed in any territory under its jurisdiction.

Article 13
Each State Party shall ensure that any individual who alleges he has been subjected to torture in any territory under its jurisdiction has the right to complain to, and to have his case promptly and impartially examined by, its competent authorities. Steps shall be taken to ensure that the complainant and witnesses are protected against all ill-treatment or intimidation as a consequence of his complaint or any evidence given.

Article 14

1. Each State Party shall ensure in its legal system that the victim of an act of torture obtains redress and has an enforceable right to fair and adequate compensation, including the means for as full rehabilitation as possible. In the event of the death of the victim as a result of an act of torture, his dependants shall be entitled to compensation.

2. Nothing in this article shall affect any right of the victim or other persons to compensation which may exist under national law.

Article 15
Each State Party shall ensure that any statement which is established to have been made as a result of torture shall not be invoked as evidence in any proceedings, except against a person accused of torture as evidence that the statement was made.

Article 16

1. Each State Party shall undertake to prevent in any territory under its jurisdiction other acts of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment which do not amount to torture as defined in article I, when such acts are committed by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. In particular, the obligations contained in articles 10, 11, 12 and 13 shall apply with the substitution for references to torture of references to other forms of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

2. The provisions of this Convention are without prejudice to the provisions of any other international instrument or national law which prohibits cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment or which relates to extradition or expulsion.

PART II

Article 17

1. There shall be established a Committee against Torture (hereinafter referred to as the Committee) which shall carry out the functions hereinafter provided. The Committee shall consist of ten experts of high moral standing and recognized competence in the field of human rights, who shall serve in their personal capacity. The experts shall be elected by the States Parties, consideration being given to equitable geographical distribution and to the usefulness of the participation of some persons having legal experience.

2. The members of the Committee shall be elected by secret ballot from a list of persons nominated by States Parties. Each State Party may nominate one person from among its own nationals. States Parties shall bear in mind the usefulness of nominating persons who are also members of the Human Rights Committee established under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and who are willing to serve on the Committee against Torture.

3. Elections of the members of the Committee shall be held at biennial meetings of States Parties convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. At those meetings, for which two thirds of the States Parties shall constitute a quorum, the persons elected to the Committee shall be those who obtain the largest number of votes and an absolute majority of the votes of the representatives of States Parties present and voting.

4. The initial election shall be held no later than six months after the date of the entry into force of this Convention. At. Ieast four months before the date of each election, the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall address a letter to the States Parties inviting them to submit their nominations within three months. The Secretary-General shall prepare a list in alphabetical order of all persons thus nominated, indicating the States Parties which have nominated them, and shall submit it to the States Parties.

5. The members of the Committee shall be elected for a term of four years. They shall be eligible for re-election if renominated. However, the term of five of the members elected at the first election shall expire at the end of two years; immediately after the first election the names of these five members shall be chosen by lot by the chairman of the meeting referred to in paragraph 3 of this article.

6. If a member of the Committee dies or resigns or for any other cause can no longer perform his Committee duties, the State Party which nominated him shall appoint another expert from among its nationals to serve for the remainder of his term, subject to the approval of the majority of the States Parties. The approval shall be considered given unless half or more of the States Parties respond negatively within six weeks after having been informed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations of the proposed appointment.

7. States Parties shall be responsible for the expenses of the members of the Committee while they are in performance of Committee duties.

Article 18

1. The Committee shall elect its officers for a term of two years. They may be re-elected.

2. The Committee shall establish its own rules of procedure, but these rules shall provide, inter alia, that:

(a) Six members shall constitute a quorum;

(b) Decisions of the Committee shall be made by a majority vote of the members present.

3. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall provide the necessary staff and facilities for the effective performance of the functions of the Committee under this Convention.

4. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall convene the initial meeting of the Committee. After its initial meeting, the Committee shall meet at such times as shall be provided in its rules of procedure.

5. The States Parties shall be responsible for expenses incurred in connection with the holding of meetings of the States Parties and of the Committee, including reimbursement to the United Nations for any expenses, such as the cost of staff and facilities, incurred by the United Nations pursuant to paragraph 3 of this article.

Article 19

1. The States Parties shall submit to the Committee, through the Secretary-General of the United Nations, reports on the measures they have taken to give effect to their undertakings under this Convention, within one year after the entry into force of the Convention for the State Party concerned. Thereafter the States Parties shall submit supplementary reports every four years on any new measures taken and such other reports as the Committee may request.

2. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall transmit the reports to all States Parties.

3. Each report shall be considered by the Committee which may make such general comments on the report as it may consider appropriate and shall forward these to the State Party concerned. That State Party may respond with any observations it chooses to the Committee.

4. The Committee may, at its discretion, decide to include any comments made by it in accordance with paragraph 3 of this article, together with the observations thereon received from the State Party concerned, in its annual report made in accordance with article 24. If so requested by the State Party concerned, the Committee may also include a copy of the report submitted under paragraph I of this article.

Article 20

1. If the Committee receives reliable information which appears to it to contain well-founded indications that torture is being systematically practised in the territory of a State Party, the Committee shall invite that State Party to co-operate in the examination of the information and to this end to submit observations with regard to the information concerned.

2. Taking into account any observations which may have been submitted by the State Party concerned, as well as any other relevant information available to it, the Committee may, if it decides that this is warranted, designate one or more of its members to make a confidential inquiry and to report to the Committee urgently.

3. If an inquiry is made in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article, the Committee shall seek the co-operation of the State Party concerned. In agreement with that State Party, such an inquiry may include a visit to its territory.

4. After examining the findings of its member or members submitted in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article, the Commission shall transmit these findings to the State Party concerned together with any comments or suggestions which seem appropriate in view of the situation.

5. All the proceedings of the Committee referred to in paragraphs I to 4 of th is article s hall be con fidential , and at all stages of the proceedings the co-operation of the State Party shall be sought. After such proceedings have been completed with regard to an inquiry made in accordance with paragraph 2, the Committee may, after consultations with the State Party concerned, decide to include a summary account of the results of the proceedings in its annual report made in accordance with article 24.

Article 21
1. A State Party to this Convention may at any time declare under this article that it recognizes the competence of the Committee to receive and consider communications to the effect that a State Party claims that another State Party is not fulfilling its obligations under this Convention. Such communications may be received and considered according to the procedures laid down in this article only if submitted by a State Party which has made a declaration recognizing in regard to itself the competence of the Committee. No communication shall be dealt with by the Committee under this article if it concerns a State Party which has not made such a declaration. Communications received under this article shall be dealt with in accordance with the following procedure;

(a) If a State Party considers that another State Party is not giving effect to the provisions ofthis Convention, it may, by written communication, bring the matter to the attention of that State Party. Within three months after the receipt of the communication the receiving State shall afford the State which sent the communication an explanation or any other statement in writing clarifying the matter, which should include, to the extent possible and pertinent, reference to domestic procedures and remedies taken, pending or available in the matter;

(b) If the matter is not adjusted to the satisfaction of both States Parties concerned within six months after the receipt by the receiving State of the initial communication, either State shall have the right to refer the matter to the Committee, by notice given to the Committee and to the other State;

(c) The Committee shall deal with a matter referred to it under this article only after it has ascertained that all domestic remedies have been invoked and exhausted in the matter, in conformity with the generally recognized principles of international law. This shall not be the rule where the application of the remedies is unreasonably prolonged or is unlikely to bring effective relief to the person who is the victim of the violation of this Convention;

(d) The Committee shall hold closed meetings when examining communications under this article; (e) Subject to the provisions of subparagraph

(e), the Committee shall make available its good offices to the States Parties concerned with a view to a friendly solution of the matter on the basis of respect for the obligations provided for in this Convention. For this purpose, the Committee may, when appropriate, set up an ad hoc conciliation commission;

(f) In any matter referred to it under this article, the Committee may call upon the States Parties concerned, referred to in subparagraph (b), to supply any relevant information;

(g) The States Parties concerned, referred to in subparagraph (b), shall have the right to be represented when the matter is being considered by the Committee and to make submissions orally and/or in writing;

(h) The Committee shall, within twelve months after the date of receipt of notice under subparagraph (b), submit a report:

(i) If a solution within the terms of subparagraph (e) is reached, the Committee shall confine its report to a brief statement of the facts and of the solution reached;

(ii) If a solution within the terms of subparagraph (e) is not reached, the Committee shall confine its report to a brief statement of the facts; the written submissions and record of the oral submissions made by the States Parties concerned shall be attached to the report.

In every matter, the report shall be communicated to the States Parties concerned.

2. The provisions of this article shall come into force when five States Parties to this Convention have made declarations under paragraph 1 of this article. Such declarations shall be deposited by the States Parties with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall transmit copies thereof to the other States Parties. A declaration may be withdrawn at any time by notification to the Secretary-General. Such a withdrawal shall not prejudice the consideration of any matter which is the subject of a communication already transmitted under this article; no further communication by any State Party shall be received under this article after the notification of withdrawal of the declaration has been received by the Secretary-General, unless the State Party concerned has made a new declaration.

Article 22

1. A State Party to this Convention may at any time declare under this article that it recognizes the competence of the Committee to receive and consider communications from or on behalf of individuals subject to its jurisdiction who claim to be victims of a violation by a State Party of the provisions of the Convention. No communication shall be received by the Committee if it concerns a State Party which has not made such a declaration.

2. The Committee shall consider inadmissible any communication under this article which is anonymous or which it considers to be an abuse of the right of submission of such communications or to be incompatible with the provisions of this Convention.

3. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2, the Committee shall bring any communications submitted to it under this article to the attention of the State Party to this Convention which has made a declaration under paragraph I and is alleged to be violating any provisions of the Convention. Within six months, the receiving State shall submit to the Committee written explanations or statements clarifying the matter and the remedy, if any, that may have been taken by that State.

4. The Committee shall consider communications received under this article in the light of all information made available to it by or on behalf of the individual and by the State Party concerned. 5. The Committee shall not consider any communications from an individual under this article unless it has ascertained that:

(a) The same matter has not been, and is not being, examined under another procedure of international investigation or settlement;

(b) The individual has exhausted all available domestic remedies; this shall not be the rule where the application of the remedies is unreasonably prolonged or is unlikely to bring effective reliefto the person who is the victim of the violation of this Convention.

6. The Committee shall hold closed meetings when examining communications under this article.

7. The Committee shall forward its views to the State Party concerned and to the individual.

8. The provisions of this article shall come into force when five States Parties to this Convention have made declarations under paragraph 1 of this article. Such declarations shall be deposited by the States Parties with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall transmit copies thereof to the other States Parties. A declaration may be withdrawn at any time by notification to the Secretary-General. Such a withdrawal shall not prejudice the consideration of any matter which is the subject of a communication already transmitted under this article; no further communication by or on behalf of an individual shall be received under this article after the notification of withdrawal of the declaration has been received by the SecretaryGeneral, unless the State Party has made a new declaration.

Article 23
The members of the Committee and of the ad hoc conciliation commissions which may be appointed under article 21, paragraph I (e), shall be entitled to the facilities, privileges and immunities of experts on mission for the United Nations as laid down in the relevant sections of the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations.

Article 24

The Committee shall submit an annual report on its activities under this Convention to the States Parties and to the General Assembly of the United Nations.

PART III

Article 25
1. This Convention is open for signature by all States. 2. This Convention is subject to ratification. Instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Article 26
This Convention is open to accession by all States. Accession shall be effected by the deposit of an instrument of accession with the SecretaryGeneral of the United Nations.

Article 27

1. This Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date of the deposit with the Secretary-General of the United Nations of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession.

2. For each State ratifying this Convention or acceding to it after the deposit of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession, the Convention shall enter into force onthe thirtieth day after the date of the deposit of its own instrument of ratification or accession.

Article 28

1. Each State may, at the time of signature or ratification of this Convention or accession thereto, declare that it does not recognize the competence of the Committee provided for in article 20.

2. Any State Party having made a reservation in accordance with paragraph I of this article may, at any time, withdraw this reservation by notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Article 29

1 . Any State Party to this Convention may propose an amendment and file it with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The SecretaryGeneral shall thereupon communicate the proposed amendment to the States Parties with a request that they notify him whether they favour a conference of States Parties for the purpose of considering an d voting upon the proposal. In the event that within four months from the date of such communication at least one third of the States Parties favours such a conference, the SecretaryGeneral shall convene the conference under the auspices of the United Nations. Any amendment adopted by a majority of the States Parties present and voting at the conference shall be submitted by the Secretary-General to all the States Parties for acceptance.

2. An amendment adopted in accordance with paragraph I of this article shall enter into force when two thirds of the States Parties to this Convention have notified the Secretary-General of the United Nations that they have accepted it in accordance with their respective constitutional processes.

3. When amendments enter into force, they shall be binding on those States Parties which have accepted them, other States Parties still being bound by the provisions of this Convention and any earlier amendments which they have accepted.

Article 30

1. Any dispute between two or more States Parties concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention which cannot be settled through negotiation shall, at the request of one of them, be submitted to arbitration. If within six months from thc date of the request for arbitration the Parties are unable to agree on the organization of the arbitration, any one of those Parties may refer the dispute to the International Court of Justice by request in conformity with the Statute of the Court.

2. Each State may, at the time of signature or ratification of this Con vention or accession thereto, declare that it does not consider itself bound by paragraph I of this article. The other States Parties shall not be bound by paragraph I of this article with respect to any State Party having made such a reservation.

3. Any State Party having made a reservation in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article may at any time withdraw this reservation by notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Article 31

1. A State Party may denounce this Convention by written notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Denunciation becomes effective one year after the date of receipt of- the notification by the Secretary-General .

2. Such a denunciation shall not have the effect of releasing the State Party from its obligations under this Convention in regard to any act or omission which occurs prior to the date at which the denunciation becomes effective, nor shall denunciation prejudice in any way the continued consideration of any matter which is already under consideration by the Committee prior to the date at which the denunciation becomes effective.

3. Following the date at which the denunciation of a State Party becomes effective, the Committee shall not commence consideration of any new matter regarding that State.

Article 32
The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall inform all States Members of the United Nations and all States which have signed this Convention or acceded to it of the following:

(a) Signatures, ratifications and accessions under articles 25 and 26;

(b) The date of entry into force of this Convention under article 27 and the date of the entry into force of any amendments under article 29;

(c) Denunciations under article 31.

Article 33

1. This Convention, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

2. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall transmit certified copies of this Convention to all States.


Included page "glohbul-anty-croosiffikshun-krym-lahz" does not exist (create it now)


WuT Iz Thuh Reezuhn Fohr THuh Omnyon Izm AhThr PrakTiss Uhv

Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT PuT OwT SmahL T

* EksepT Wen Deskrybeeng ObjekTiv VyoLaeeshuhn Krymz Such Az Thohz AT
* Peeuur JusT WohrehnTs Fohr Srch AkTs And UhrehsTs?

Kuz:
1: A SmahL T haz an uhpeeranss sihmilr Tu uh ( kruusiffikss Nohrm SpeLd Crucifix ) and
2: This AhThr Iz AnTi eech display uhv kruusiffikss shaeep.

AnTi eech display uhv kruusiffikss shaeep

Thuh AhThr Iz AnTi eech display uhv kruusiffikss shaeep Kuhz THis AhThr Iz A DeeLihburaT AnTi Kruusiffikshuhn Izm IsT.

Showeeng a kruusiffikss can giv an uhbzrvr a rong-reppeewtaeeshun uv beeyeeng
ronglee-pro the wrst-bad-rong unJUSTness uv ( crucifixion spohk az kruusihfikshuhn ), EeuuzhuuaLee in 100% unFair 100% nonJusTiss Fohr InnuhsenT Iesous.


InnuhsenT Iesous Non-deezrvd deth by mrdr


InnuhsenT Iesous Non-deezrvd deth by mrdr, espeshuLLee Non veeuh kruusihfikshuhn that iz torchr vyohLaeeshuhn eewwzeeng a kruusiffix-torchr-wehpuhn with gohl tu uhkomplish WuhT Wee Now Kahl uh mrdr Krym.

Iesous Wuhz ToT Tu Bee Uh HeeLr Huu DyrekTLee Kozd ReeLeef Frŭm sufreeng ŭv lots ŭv kyndz And Huu Nevr Torchrd Ehnee Heewman Nor Ennee AnnimmuL, EksepT Wuhn Day maybe Tu A Donkey BeesT WyL Rydeeng ITs Bak Thoh Thuh Donkey Non-dyd, Thus Iesous Nevr Deezrvd SpessiffikuLLee tohrchr.

Iesous Wuhz ToT Tu Hav Nevr kild ehnee Heeuumuhn

  • Thuss Hee Nevr Deezrvd Tu GeT mrdrd.

InnuhsenT Iesous Wuhz Jujd By Thuh Guhvrnur PiLaTe And Non-SuspecTed Uhv Az Mehnee Az Wuhn Krym.

Iesous Wuhz SpessiffikLee non-pruuvd giltee uhv mrdr, Thus Non-Deesrvd Tu get kild.

Thus Iesous' deth shood ohnLee GeT ThoT Uhv ohnLee az An unJusT mrdr.


Thuh mrdr Uhv [[[Iesous][] Wuz And Iz And Evr Shall Bee unJusT rong uhgehnst An InnuhsenT Heewman Naemd varreeuhslee Iesou Ohr Iesous Ohr Iesoun%.

Thuh Heebroo Israelites Nevr ToT Ohr PrakTisT substutooshun punishment veeuh cruciffikshuhn

In Thuh GospeLz Iesou Wuz Found ( InnuhsenT = Non-Proovd guilty uhv ( mrdr = Murder ) ) Thuss Iesous Shood Hav Nevr got crucified.


Then ( AfTr Iesous became uh gy Gon Fruhm Thiss glohb, it should nevr have got to that Innuhsent Iesous shood hav got cruciffied espeshullee not for ehnee Dif Heewman'z akt tu doo Suhm kynd uhv suhpohzed sin in thuh [ prtestant 66 books called Lesr canon Mynd cage ) Ohr ( the original anastasius canon that later was taught by the vatican ists ) ohr ( the orthodox study bible AT http://worldhistory.biz/download567/The_Orthodox_Study_Bible_-_St.pdf ) canon of the [ orthodox catholi church]including the 72 book greek septuagint .
See: https://www.theopedia.com/greek-and-hebrew-words-for-sin


Thow ReeL-Lee ShoodsT Heer YouTube Vid Naymd " Crucifixion Is unJusT "

  • In Wich It Iz Said,
  • * "Thuh gravest unjustice iz tu punish uh prsuhn Huu Did NoT Commit Thuh Sin.
  • + + "IT Iz blasfehnuhss tu beeleev that The AlmyTee wood punish Suhm 1 on an uhthr'z beehaf."

Truu Justiss Wood Bee If ( I EeThr|And Ehnee 1 Ohr Mohr UhThrz )

* Kood Go Bak In Tym Tu Beefohr Thuh Kruusiffikshuhn Uhv Iesous

* * And Gahrd Iesous Fruhm Getteeng Kruusiffyd.


Then, (0=Zeeroh) Peepul Wood Theenk

* ThaT " It wuhz reekwyrd for Iesous Tu hav been Kruusiffyd


" Kuhz **undeezrvd thuss unfair unJusT tohrchr uhv 1 ToT Tu Hav Ben Uh HeeLr

  • till ThaT 1 wuhz unFair unJusT mrdrd
  • * DespyT Thuh FakT ThaT Iesous Non mrdrd ehnee human**
  • KannoT prohduuss ( Fair Just Fohrgivness Nohr Fair Just Sayveeng )
  • * fruhm ehnee bod'z rong, nor fruhm ehnee suhpohzed sin,

EspeshuLLee Uh Sin Such Az:


HahmahrTahnoh: Suhmuhree: Uh Sin Uhv Misseeng Uh TahrgeT And Non-winneeng Uh Pryz


BaysT Fruhm Heereeng AT https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CHV2MzaKKQA&app=desktop

  • Thuh Ahdeeoh Fruhm Thuh Vid Naymd: " How to pronounce Hamartanō in Biblical Greek - (ἁμαρτάνω / miss) "
  • Thuh Greek Wrd ἁμαρτάνω Iz Spohk Az:
  • H->(ŏ=ah)->m->(ŏ=ah)->r->T->(ŏ=ah)->n->(ō=oh).

Thŭ NĕksT Ĭnfō Wŭz Frŭm:

* https://www.studylight.org/lexicons/greek/264.html

* * Entry for Strong's #264 - ἁμαρτάνω

ParT of Speech
Verb

* * Thayer's Definition

1: to be without a share in
2: to miss the mark
3: to err, be mistaken
4: to miss or wander from the path of uprightness and honour, to do or go wrong

* * Strong's Definition

(figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin

* properly to miss the mark (and so non share in the prize),

* that is…for your faults…sin, trespass


Thuh NeksT TeksT wuhz Fruhm:

* https://biblehub.com/greek/264.htm

264. hamartanó

* NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
from an early root hamart-

Definition
to miss the mark, do wrong, sin

Strong's Concordance

hamartanó: to miss the mark, do wrong, sin

Original Word: ἁμαρτάνω

Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: hamartanó
Phonetic Spelling: (ham-ar-tan'-o)
Definition: to miss the mark, do wrong, sin
Usage: originally: I miss the mark, hence (a) I make a mistake, (b) I sin, commit a sin against God…[or] against a fellow-creature…


Thŭ NĕksT TĕksT Wŭz Frŭm:

* https://www.studylight.org/lexicons/greek/264.html

* * Thayer's Definition

1: to be without a share in
2: to miss the mark
3: to err, be mistaken
4: to miss or wander from the path of uprightness and honour, to do or go wrong

* * Strong's Definition

(figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin

* properly to miss the mark (and so non share in the prize),

* that is…for your faults…sin, trespass


  • Thuss, Egzampulz Uhv Greek Wrd ( ἁμαρτάνω Spohk Az HahmahrTahnoh ) Inkluud:
  • * Wyl Playeeng Ping Pong { Misseeng WiTh Thyn Padddul And Non-HiTTeeng } Thuh Bahl
  • * Ohr WyL Playeeng Ehnee Gaym Misseeng Ehnee TahrgeT
  • * * And Thuss Non-scohreeng Thuh WahnTed ( PoeenT Ohr PoeenTss ).
  • * Ohr Playeeng ( LoTTo Ohr Ehnee Gambleeng Gaym )
  • * * And Non-winneeng Ehnee Pryz ( Muhnee Nohr Uhwohrd Uhv Ehnee Kynd ).

EgzampuL: YouTube Vid Naymd: " Missing the Ball When Serving | Table Tennis | PingSkills "

AT: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1nAiM5wPYdo


Thiss Iz Thuh LasT Lyn Uhv TeksT In Thuh Payj Naymd "HahmahrTahnoh ".


Thuh AhThr Iz Uh DeeLibrehT ( AnTicrucifixionism = AnTi Kruusiffikshuhn Izm ) IsT.

This Paydj Iz Pro VoLLuhnTehree OpshuhnuL DeeLibreT AnTi-SmahL-T PrakTiss:
1: AnTi SmahL T PuT OwT By DeeLibrehTLee RyTeeng and Typeeng OhnLee Big T'z;
2: SmaHL T Kunvrzhun Tu Big T PrakTiss__**, Fohr EgzampuL Eeuuzeeng Uh Wrd Procesr [ Find And Reeplace ] Fuhnkshuhn Ohr Thuh EekwihvuhLenT Srviss AT: https://www.browserling.com/tools/text-replace

Theez Ahr Duhn Fohr Thuh Sayk Uhv Thuh Troo UhbjekTiv JusTiss Uv AnTy Croosiffikshuhn Izm.


ReesehnT Kruusiffikshuhnz ThaT Shood Hav Ben Nonlegal


Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Fruhm:

Most of us think of crucifixion as ancient history – a gruesome execution method practiced by the Romans and other long-ago cultures – with Jesus Christ its most famous victim. But crucifixion, though rare, has continued into the modern day – as a devotional practice among fervent Christians, as a tool of terror, even as performance art.

-=----

Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Fruhm:

8 Gruesome Stories of Modern Day Crucifixions

-=----

Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Fruhm:

Crucifixion: It’s Not Ancient History Anymore
ISIS has revived the barbaric practice. The time to stop both of them is now.


Wuhn ReesehnT Lrnd UhbowT Modrn atrocity simmilr tu a kroosiffikshuhn Wuhz menchuhnd AT:

Saudi Arabia beheaded a man Wednesday in Mecca, then put his body on public display, for allegedly stabbing a woman to death. The method of punishment is known in Saudi Arabia as a crucifixion, which the government says is sanctioned by Islamic law, and is reserved for only the most severe crimes in the kingdom…

But as recently as 2013, Amnesty International reported that Saudi authorities executed and crucified five Yemenis in the city of Jizan after they were found guilty of armed robbery and the murder of a Saudi man…

…Crucifixion, though rarer, is endorsed in the Koran in Sura 5:33-34:

Those who wage war against God and His Messenger and strive to spread corruption in the land should be punished by death, crucifixion, the amputation of an alternate hand and foot or banishment from the land: a disgrace for them in this world, and then a terrible punishment in the Hereafter, unless they repent before you overpower them: in that case bear in mind that God is forgiving and merciful.


GLobaL CiviLizing ShouLd ILLeegaLize Crucifixion

GLohBuL SihvihLyzeeng Shood ILLeeguLyz Kruusiffikshuhn

* Uhv AnTi eech display uhv kruusiffikss shaeep
* Uhv Wy PrakTiss UhgehnsT PuT OwT SmahL T

1: PeepuL On Ehnee PLaneT Uv Thuh Tranz FynyT Numbr Uhv PLaneTs

  • In Thuh EeTrnuL And Tranz FynyT 3 DimmenshuhnuL Omnivrss,
    • Sum Uv Thohz PeepuL On ThaT PLaneT MyT Sum Tym lrn
      • thuh troo bad rong ( crucifixion spohk az kruusiffikshuhn ) vyohlaeeshuhn process
        • dehskrybd az eewwz evil ( crucifix spphk az kruusiffiks )

1: az tohrchr wehpuhm in wut Iz Now KahLd tohrchr krym and
2: az mrdr wehpuhn with prpuhss tu uhkomplish wut Iz Now KahLd mrdr krym.

2. EevenchoouLeee Thuh EvuLooshun Uv Proh GLohbuL SivviLyzeeng Peewrificaeeshuhn Twohrdz Uh Peer Good JusT SivviLyzeayshuhn Shood DevveLuhp ( IntrnashuhnuL Then GlohbuL ) AnTi Tohrcr Krym Lahz And AnTi Mrdr Krym Lahz.

3. This Prohvydz Thuh Baysis Fohr ( InTrnashuhnul AnTi Kruusiffikshuhn Krym Lahz Then GlohbuL AnTi Kruusiffikshuhn Krym Lahz Tu STop And Preevent kruusiffikshun Fohr ( Ehnee And Ehvree ) Prsun On ThaT GLohb.


InTrnashuhnul AnTi Kruusiffikshuhn Krym Lahz Uhv AnTi Kruusiffikshuhn Izm

InTrnashuhnul Lah Torchr Mrdr Krymz Uhgehnst Heewmannittee


Table of Contents

Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Fruhm:

ROME STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT

Fruhm Payjez 4 & 5

Article 7. Crimes against humanity

1. For the purpose of this Statute, "crime against humanity" means any of the follow-ing acts when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack;

(a) Murder;

(e) Imprisonment or other severe deprivation of physical liberty in violation of funda-mental rules of international law;

(f) Torture;

2. For the purpose of paragraph 1:

(a) "Attack directed against any civilian population" means a course of conduct in-volving the multiple commission of acts referred to in paragraph 1 against any civilian pop-ulation, pursuant to or in furtherance of a State or organizational policy to commit such attack;

(e) "Torture", means the intentional infliction of severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, upon a person in the custody or under the control of the accused; except that torture shall not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidentalto, lawful sanctions;

Fruhm Payj 5 & 8

Article 8. War crimes

1. The Court shall have jurisdiction in respect of war crimes in particular when com-mitted as part of a plan or policy or as part of a large-scale commission of such crimes.

2. For the purpose of this Statute, "war crimes" means:

(a) Grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, namely, any of the following acts against persons or property protected under the provisions of the relevant Geneva Convention:

(i) Wilful killing;

(ii) Torture or inhuman treatment, including biological experiments;

(c) In the case of an armed conflict not of an international character, serious violationsof article 3 common to the four Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, namely, any of the following acts committed against persons taking no active part in the hostilities, includ-ing members of armed forces who have laid down their arms and those placed hors de com-bat by sickness, wounds, detention or any other cause:

(i) Violence to life and person, in particular murder of all kinds, mutilation, crueltreatment and torture

Fruhm Payj 31:

Article 55. Rights of persons during an investigation1. In respect of an investigation under this Statute, a person:

(a) Shall not be compelled to incriminate himself or herself or to confess guilt;

(b) Shall not be subjected to any form of coercion, duress or threat, to torture or to anyother form of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment;


Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Fruhm:

Crimes against humanity under international law

Crimes against humanity appeared for the first time in a treaty in the 1945 Nuremberg Charter at the end of the Second World War, albeit with a different definition than today.

Since the 1990s, crimes against humanity have been codified in different international treaties such as the Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (1993), the Statute of the International Tribunal for Rwanda (1994) and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (1998). The Rome Statute provides the most recent and most expansive list of specific criminal acts that may constitute crimes against humanity.

Unlike other human rights violations, war crimes do not engage State responsibility but individual criminal responsibility. This means that individuals can be tried and found personally responsible for these crimes.

Prohibited acts include:

Murder

Extermination
Enslavement
Deportation or forcible transfer of population
Imprisonment

Torture

Sexual violence
Persecution against an identifiable group
Enforced disappearance of persons
The crime of apartheid
Other inhumane acts of a similar character intentionally causing great suffering, or serious injury to body or to mental or physical health


Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Frum:

international criminal law

Crime against humanity

Written By: Richard Vernon

Crime against humanity, an offense in international criminal law, adopted in the Charter of the International Military Tribunal (Nürnberg Charter), which tried surviving Nazi leaders in 1945, and was, in 1998, incorporated into the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC).

Crimes against humanity

consist of various acts—murder, extermination, enslavement, **torture**,

forcible transfers of populations, imprisonment, rape, persecution, enforced disappearance, and apartheid, among others—when, according to the ICC , those are “committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population.”


Suhmuhree:

Mr. Semanza participated in murder and torture and rape

found guilty of a crime against humanity for his rape, torture, and murder

ThaT Wuhz Uh Suhmuhree Uhv Thuh NeksT TeksT.

Thuh NexT TexT Wuhz Frum:

Mr. Semanza was a former mayor of Bicumbi commune, and was accused of aiding and abetting genocide in connection with two massacres of Tutsis. He was specifically alleged to have directly participated in murder and torture, and for inciting a crowd to rape Tutsi women prior to killing them, and to have personally participated in the same. The Trial Chamber found that Mr. Semanza was guilty of a crime against humanity for his rape, torture, and murder of Tutsi women.


U N Convention Against Torture And Simmilr Bad Rongz

UniTed NaTions Heeuumuhn RyTss

Saym Free PDF DownLoad Uhv Thuh Saym TexT Shohn BeeLLoh Fruhm ĒThr:

Followieeng TexT Frum https://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CAT.aspx

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 39/46 of 10 December 1984
entry into force 26 June 1987, in accordance with article 27 (1)

The States Parties to this Convention,

Considering that, in accordance with the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations, recognition of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,

Recognizing that those rights derive from the inherent dignity of the human person,

Considering the obligation of States under the Charter, in particular Article 55, to promote universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms,

Having regard to article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and article 7 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, both of which provide that no one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment,

Having regard also to the Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, adopted by the General Assembly on 9 December 1975,

Desiring to make more effective the struggle against torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment throughout the world,

Have agreed as follows:

PART I

Article 1

1. For the purposes of this Convention, the term "torture" means any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. It does not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidental to lawful sanctions.

2. This article is without prejudice to any international instrument or national legislation which does or may contain provisions of wider application.

Article 2

1. Each State Party shall take effective legislative, administrative, judicial or other measures to prevent acts of torture in any territory under its jurisdiction.

2. No exceptional circumstances whatsoever, whether a state of war or a threat of war, internal political instability or any other public emergency, may be invoked as a justification of torture.

3. An order from a superior officer or a public authority may not be invoked as a justification of torture.

Article 3

1. No State Party shall expel, return ("refouler") or extradite a person to another State where there are substantial grounds for believing that he would be in danger of being subjected to torture.

2. For the purpose of determining whether there are such grounds, the competent authorities shall take into account all relevant considerations including, where applicable, the existence in the State concerned of a consistent pattern of gross, flagrant or mass violations of human rights.

Article 4
1. Each State Party shall ensure that all acts of torture are offences under its criminal law. The same shall apply to an attempt to commit torture and to an act by any person which constitutes complicity or participation in torture. 2. Each State Party shall make these offences punishable by appropriate penalties which take into account their grave nature.

Article 5
1. Each State Party shall take such measures as may be necessary to establish its jurisdiction over the offences referred to in article 4 in the following cases:

(a) When the offences are committed in any territory under its jurisdiction or on board a ship or aircraft registered in that State;

(b) When the alleged offender is a national of that State;

(c) When the victim is a national of that State if that State considers it appropriate.

2. Each State Party shall likewise take such measures as may be necessary to establish its jurisdiction over such offences in cases where the alleged offender is present in any territory under its jurisdiction and it does not extradite him pursuant to article 8 to any of the States mentioned in paragraph I of this article.

3. This Convention does not exclude any criminal jurisdiction exercised in accordance with internal law.

Article 6

1. Upon being satisfied, after an examination of information available to it, that the circumstances so warrant, any State Party in whose territory a person alleged to have committed any offence referred to in article 4 is present shall take him into custody or take other legal measures to ensure his presence. The custody and other legal measures shall be as provided in the law of that State but may be continued only for such time as is necessary to enable any criminal or extradition proceedings to be instituted.

2. Such State shall immediately make a preliminary inquiry into the facts.

3. Any person in custody pursuant to paragraph I of this article shall be assisted in communicating immediately with the nearest appropriate representative of the State of which he is a national, or, if he is a stateless person, with the representative of the State where he usually resides.

4. When a State, pursuant to this article, has taken a person into custody, it shall immediately notify the States referred to in article 5, paragraph 1, of the fact that such person is in custody and of the circumstances which warrant his detention. The State which makes the preliminary inquiry contemplated in paragraph 2 of this article shall promptly report its findings to the said States and shall indicate whether it intends to exercise jurisdiction.

Article 7

1. The State Party in the territory under whose jurisdiction a person alleged to have committed any offence referred to in article 4 is found shall in the cases contemplated in article 5, if it does not extradite him, submit the case to its competent authorities for the purpose of prosecution.

2. These authorities shall take their decision in the same manner as in the case of any ordinary offence of a serious nature under the law of that State. In the cases referred to in article 5, paragraph 2, the standards of evidence required for prosecution and conviction shall in no way be less stringent than those which apply in the cases referred to in article 5, paragraph 1.

3. Any person regarding whom proceedings are brought in connection with any of the offences referred to in article 4 shall be guaranteed fair treatment at all stages of the proceedings.

Article 8

1. The offences referred to in article 4 shall be deemed to be included as extraditable offences in any extradition treaty existing between States Parties. States Parties undertake to include such offences as extraditable offences in every extradition treaty to be concluded between them.

2. If a State Party which makes extradition conditional on the existence of a treaty receives a request for extradition from another State Party with which it has no extradition treaty, it may consider this Convention as the legal basis for extradition in respect of such offences. Extradition shall be subject to the other conditions provided by the law of the requested State.

3. States Parties which do not make extradition conditional on the existence of a treaty shall recognize such offences as extraditable offences between themselves subject to the conditions provided by the law of the requested State.

4. Such offences shall be treated, for the purpose of extradition between States Parties, as if they had been committed not only in the place in which they occurred but also in the territories of the States required to establish their jurisdiction in accordance with article 5, paragraph 1.

Article 9

1. States Parties shall afford one another the greatest measure of assistance in connection with criminal proceedings brought in respect of any of the offences referred to in article 4, including the supply of all evidence at their disposal necessary for the proceedings.

2. States Parties shall carry out their obligations under paragraph I of this article in conformity with any treaties on mutual judicial assistance that may exist between them.

Article 10

1. Each State Party shall ensure that education and information regarding the prohibition against torture are fully included in the training of law enforcement personnel, civil or military, medical personnel, public officials and other persons who may be involved in the custody, interrogation or treatment of any individual subjected to any form of arrest, detention or imprisonment.

2. Each State Party shall include this prohibition in the rules or instructions issued in regard to the duties and functions of any such person.

Article 11
Each State Party shall keep under systematic review interrogation rules, instructions, methods and practices as well as arrangements for the custody and treatment of persons subjected to any form of arrest, detention or imprisonment in any territory under its jurisdiction, with a view to preventing any cases of torture.

Article 12
Each State Party shall ensure that its competent authorities proceed to a prompt and impartial investigation, wherever there is reasonable ground to believe that an act of torture has been committed in any territory under its jurisdiction.

Article 13
Each State Party shall ensure that any individual who alleges he has been subjected to torture in any territory under its jurisdiction has the right to complain to, and to have his case promptly and impartially examined by, its competent authorities. Steps shall be taken to ensure that the complainant and witnesses are protected against all ill-treatment or intimidation as a consequence of his complaint or any evidence given.

Article 14

1. Each State Party shall ensure in its legal system that the victim of an act of torture obtains redress and has an enforceable right to fair and adequate compensation, including the means for as full rehabilitation as possible. In the event of the death of the victim as a result of an act of torture, his dependants shall be entitled to compensation.

2. Nothing in this article shall affect any right of the victim or other persons to compensation which may exist under national law.

Article 15
Each State Party shall ensure that any statement which is established to have been made as a result of torture shall not be invoked as evidence in any proceedings, except against a person accused of torture as evidence that the statement was made.

Article 16

1. Each State Party shall undertake to prevent in any territory under its jurisdiction other acts of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment which do not amount to torture as defined in article I, when such acts are committed by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. In particular, the obligations contained in articles 10, 11, 12 and 13 shall apply with the substitution for references to torture of references to other forms of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

2. The provisions of this Convention are without prejudice to the provisions of any other international instrument or national law which prohibits cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment or which relates to extradition or expulsion.

PART II

Article 17

1. There shall be established a Committee against Torture (hereinafter referred to as the Committee) which shall carry out the functions hereinafter provided. The Committee shall consist of ten experts of high moral standing and recognized competence in the field of human rights, who shall serve in their personal capacity. The experts shall be elected by the States Parties, consideration being given to equitable geographical distribution and to the usefulness of the participation of some persons having legal experience.

2. The members of the Committee shall be elected by secret ballot from a list of persons nominated by States Parties. Each State Party may nominate one person from among its own nationals. States Parties shall bear in mind the usefulness of nominating persons who are also members of the Human Rights Committee established under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and who are willing to serve on the Committee against Torture.

3. Elections of the members of the Committee shall be held at biennial meetings of States Parties convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. At those meetings, for which two thirds of the States Parties shall constitute a quorum, the persons elected to the Committee shall be those who obtain the largest number of votes and an absolute majority of the votes of the representatives of States Parties present and voting.

4. The initial election shall be held no later than six months after the date of the entry into force of this Convention. At. Ieast four months before the date of each election, the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall address a letter to the States Parties inviting them to submit their nominations within three months. The Secretary-General shall prepare a list in alphabetical order of all persons thus nominated, indicating the States Parties which have nominated them, and shall submit it to the States Parties.

5. The members of the Committee shall be elected for a term of four years. They shall be eligible for re-election if renominated. However, the term of five of the members elected at the first election shall expire at the end of two years; immediately after the first election the names of these five members shall be chosen by lot by the chairman of the meeting referred to in paragraph 3 of this article.

6. If a member of the Committee dies or resigns or for any other cause can no longer perform his Committee duties, the State Party which nominated him shall appoint another expert from among its nationals to serve for the remainder of his term, subject to the approval of the majority of the States Parties. The approval shall be considered given unless half or more of the States Parties respond negatively within six weeks after having been informed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations of the proposed appointment.

7. States Parties shall be responsible for the expenses of the members of the Committee while they are in performance of Committee duties.

Article 18

1. The Committee shall elect its officers for a term of two years. They may be re-elected.

2. The Committee shall establish its own rules of procedure, but these rules shall provide, inter alia, that:

(a) Six members shall constitute a quorum;

(b) Decisions of the Committee shall be made by a majority vote of the members present.

3. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall provide the necessary staff and facilities for the effective performance of the functions of the Committee under this Convention.

4. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall convene the initial meeting of the Committee. After its initial meeting, the Committee shall meet at such times as shall be provided in its rules of procedure.

5. The States Parties shall be responsible for expenses incurred in connection with the holding of meetings of the States Parties and of the Committee, including reimbursement to the United Nations for any expenses, such as the cost of staff and facilities, incurred by the United Nations pursuant to paragraph 3 of this article.

Article 19

1. The States Parties shall submit to the Committee, through the Secretary-General of the United Nations, reports on the measures they have taken to give effect to their undertakings under this Convention, within one year after the entry into force of the Convention for the State Party concerned. Thereafter the States Parties shall submit supplementary reports every four years on any new measures taken and such other reports as the Committee may request.

2. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall transmit the reports to all States Parties.

3. Each report shall be considered by the Committee which may make such general comments on the report as it may consider appropriate and shall forward these to the State Party concerned. That State Party may respond with any observations it chooses to the Committee.

4. The Committee may, at its discretion, decide to include any comments made by it in accordance with paragraph 3 of this article, together with the observations thereon received from the State Party concerned, in its annual report made in accordance with article 24. If so requested by the State Party concerned, the Committee may also include a copy of the report submitted under paragraph I of this article.

Article 20

1. If the Committee receives reliable information which appears to it to contain well-founded indications that torture is being systematically practised in the territory of a State Party, the Committee shall invite that State Party to co-operate in the examination of the information and to this end to submit observations with regard to the information concerned.

2. Taking into account any observations which may have been submitted by the State Party concerned, as well as any other relevant information available to it, the Committee may, if it decides that this is warranted, designate one or more of its members to make a confidential inquiry and to report to the Committee urgently.

3. If an inquiry is made in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article, the Committee shall seek the co-operation of the State Party concerned. In agreement with that State Party, such an inquiry may include a visit to its territory.

4. After examining the findings of its member or members submitted in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article, the Commission shall transmit these findings to the State Party concerned together with any comments or suggestions which seem appropriate in view of the situation.

5. All the proceedings of the Committee referred to in paragraphs I to 4 of th is article s hall be con fidential , and at all stages of the proceedings the co-operation of the State Party shall be sought. After such proceedings have been completed with regard to an inquiry made in accordance with paragraph 2, the Committee may, after consultations with the State Party concerned, decide to include a summary account of the results of the proceedings in its annual report made in accordance with article 24.

Article 21
1. A State Party to this Convention may at any time declare under this article that it recognizes the competence of the Committee to receive and consider communications to the effect that a State Party claims that another State Party is not fulfilling its obligations under this Convention. Such communications may be received and considered according to the procedures laid down in this article only if submitted by a State Party which has made a declaration recognizing in regard to itself the competence of the Committee. No communication shall be dealt with by the Committee under this article if it concerns a State Party which has not made such a declaration. Communications received under this article shall be dealt with in accordance with the following procedure;

(a) If a State Party considers that another State Party is not giving effect to the provisions ofthis Convention, it may, by written communication, bring the matter to the attention of that State Party. Within three months after the receipt of the communication the receiving State shall afford the State which sent the communication an explanation or any other statement in writing clarifying the matter, which should include, to the extent possible and pertinent, reference to domestic procedures and remedies taken, pending or available in the matter;

(b) If the matter is not adjusted to the satisfaction of both States Parties concerned within six months after the receipt by the receiving State of the initial communication, either State shall have the right to refer the matter to the Committee, by notice given to the Committee and to the other State;

(c) The Committee shall deal with a matter referred to it under this article only after it has ascertained that all domestic remedies have been invoked and exhausted in the matter, in conformity with the generally recognized principles of international law. This shall not be the rule where the application of the remedies is unreasonably prolonged or is unlikely to bring effective relief to the person who is the victim of the violation of this Convention;

(d) The Committee shall hold closed meetings when examining communications under this article; (e) Subject to the provisions of subparagraph

(e), the Committee shall make available its good offices to the States Parties concerned with a view to a friendly solution of the matter on the basis of respect for the obligations provided for in this Convention. For this purpose, the Committee may, when appropriate, set up an ad hoc conciliation commission;

(f) In any matter referred to it under this article, the Committee may call upon the States Parties concerned, referred to in subparagraph (b), to supply any relevant information;

(g) The States Parties concerned, referred to in subparagraph (b), shall have the right to be represented when the matter is being considered by the Committee and to make submissions orally and/or in writing;

(h) The Committee shall, within twelve months after the date of receipt of notice under subparagraph (b), submit a report:

(i) If a solution within the terms of subparagraph (e) is reached, the Committee shall confine its report to a brief statement of the facts and of the solution reached;

(ii) If a solution within the terms of subparagraph (e) is not reached, the Committee shall confine its report to a brief statement of the facts; the written submissions and record of the oral submissions made by the States Parties concerned shall be attached to the report.

In every matter, the report shall be communicated to the States Parties concerned.

2. The provisions of this article shall come into force when five States Parties to this Convention have made declarations under paragraph 1 of this article. Such declarations shall be deposited by the States Parties with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall transmit copies thereof to the other States Parties. A declaration may be withdrawn at any time by notification to the Secretary-General. Such a withdrawal shall not prejudice the consideration of any matter which is the subject of a communication already transmitted under this article; no further communication by any State Party shall be received under this article after the notification of withdrawal of the declaration has been received by the Secretary-General, unless the State Party concerned has made a new declaration.

Article 22

1. A State Party to this Convention may at any time declare under this article that it recognizes the competence of the Committee to receive and consider communications from or on behalf of individuals subject to its jurisdiction who claim to be victims of a violation by a State Party of the provisions of the Convention. No communication shall be received by the Committee if it concerns a State Party which has not made such a declaration.

2. The Committee shall consider inadmissible any communication under this article which is anonymous or which it considers to be an abuse of the right of submission of such communications or to be incompatible with the provisions of this Convention.

3. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2, the Committee shall bring any communications submitted to it under this article to the attention of the State Party to this Convention which has made a declaration under paragraph I and is alleged to be violating any provisions of the Convention. Within six months, the receiving State shall submit to the Committee written explanations or statements clarifying the matter and the remedy, if any, that may have been taken by that State.

4. The Committee shall consider communications received under this article in the light of all information made available to it by or on behalf of the individual and by the State Party concerned. 5. The Committee shall not consider any communications from an individual under this article unless it has ascertained that:

(a) The same matter has not been, and is not being, examined under another procedure of international investigation or settlement;

(b) The individual has exhausted all available domestic remedies; this shall not be the rule where the application of the remedies is unreasonably prolonged or is unlikely to bring effective reliefto the person who is the victim of the violation of this Convention.

6. The Committee shall hold closed meetings when examining communications under this article.

7. The Committee shall forward its views to the State Party concerned and to the individual.

8. The provisions of this article shall come into force when five States Parties to this Convention have made declarations under paragraph 1 of this article. Such declarations shall be deposited by the States Parties with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall transmit copies thereof to the other States Parties. A declaration may be withdrawn at any time by notification to the Secretary-General. Such a withdrawal shall not prejudice the consideration of any matter which is the subject of a communication already transmitted under this article; no further communication by or on behalf of an individual shall be received under this article after the notification of withdrawal of the declaration has been received by the SecretaryGeneral, unless the State Party has made a new declaration.

Article 23
The members of the Committee and of the ad hoc conciliation commissions which may be appointed under article 21, paragraph I (e), shall be entitled to the facilities, privileges and immunities of experts on mission for the United Nations as laid down in the relevant sections of the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations.

Article 24

The Committee shall submit an annual report on its activities under this Convention to the States Parties and to the General Assembly of the United Nations.

PART III

Article 25
1. This Convention is open for signature by all States. 2. This Convention is subject to ratification. Instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Article 26
This Convention is open to accession by all States. Accession shall be effected by the deposit of an instrument of accession with the SecretaryGeneral of the United Nations.

Article 27

1. This Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date of the deposit with the Secretary-General of the United Nations of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession.

2. For each State ratifying this Convention or acceding to it after the deposit of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession, the Convention shall enter into force onthe thirtieth day after the date of the deposit of its own instrument of ratification or accession.

Article 28

1. Each State may, at the time of signature or ratification of this Convention or accession thereto, declare that it does not recognize the competence of the Committee provided for in article 20.

2. Any State Party having made a reservation in accordance with paragraph I of this article may, at any time, withdraw this reservation by notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Article 29

1 . Any State Party to this Convention may propose an amendment and file it with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The SecretaryGeneral shall thereupon communicate the proposed amendment to the States Parties with a request that they notify him whether they favour a conference of States Parties for the purpose of considering an d voting upon the proposal. In the event that within four months from the date of such communication at least one third of the States Parties favours such a conference, the SecretaryGeneral shall convene the conference under the auspices of the United Nations. Any amendment adopted by a majority of the States Parties present and voting at the conference shall be submitted by the Secretary-General to all the States Parties for acceptance.

2. An amendment adopted in accordance with paragraph I of this article shall enter into force when two thirds of the States Parties to this Convention have notified the Secretary-General of the United Nations that they have accepted it in accordance with their respective constitutional processes.

3. When amendments enter into force, they shall be binding on those States Parties which have accepted them, other States Parties still being bound by the provisions of this Convention and any earlier amendments which they have accepted.

Article 30

1. Any dispute between two or more States Parties concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention which cannot be settled through negotiation shall, at the request of one of them, be submitted to arbitration. If within six months from thc date of the request for arbitration the Parties are unable to agree on the organization of the arbitration, any one of those Parties may refer the dispute to the International Court of Justice by request in conformity with the Statute of the Court.

2. Each State may, at the time of signature or ratification of this Con vention or accession thereto, declare that it does not consider itself bound by paragraph I of this article. The other States Parties shall not be bound by paragraph I of this article with respect to any State Party having made such a reservation.

3. Any State Party having made a reservation in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article may at any time withdraw this reservation by notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Article 31

1. A State Party may denounce this Convention by written notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Denunciation becomes effective one year after the date of receipt of- the notification by the Secretary-General .

2. Such a denunciation shall not have the effect of releasing the State Party from its obligations under this Convention in regard to any act or omission which occurs prior to the date at which the denunciation becomes effective, nor shall denunciation prejudice in any way the continued consideration of any matter which is already under consideration by the Committee prior to the date at which the denunciation becomes effective.

3. Following the date at which the denunciation of a State Party becomes effective, the Committee shall not commence consideration of any new matter regarding that State.

Article 32
The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall inform all States Members of the United Nations and all States which have signed this Convention or acceded to it of the following:

(a) Signatures, ratifications and accessions under articles 25 and 26;

(b) The date of entry into force of this Convention under article 27 and the date of the entry into force of any amendments under article 29;

(c) Denunciations under article 31.

Article 33

1. This Convention, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

2. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall transmit certified copies of this Convention to all States.


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